Publication: Assessment of Costs and Benefits of the Customs Union for Kazakhstan
In 2010, Kazakhstan entered into a customs union with Belarus and Russia. The first, relatively easy step in the implementation of the customs union was accomplished in 2010 with the adoption of a common external tariff, with varying exceptions in each of the three member countries. It is the intention of the customs union to eliminate the exceptions, in phases, by 2015. In fact, the goals of the customs union are much more ambitious than implementation of the common external tariff. The governments of the member countries are working to achieve deep integration in key areas. Clearly, successfully addressing the challenge of reducing trade-facilitation costs is a major task that requires significant institutional development both in Kazakhstan and in the other member countries of the customs union. It is very difficult, however, to assess the probability of success that the customs union will have with the reduction of these costs.
“World Bank. 2012. Assessment of Costs and Benefits of the Customs Union for Kazakhstan. © World Bank. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2722 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”