Working Paper

Where to Create Jobs to Reduce Poverty : Cities or Towns?

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Christiaensen, Luc
dc.contributor.author
De Weerdt, Joachim
dc.contributor.author
Kanbur, Ravi
dc.date.accessioned
2017-06-01T22:30:49Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-01T22:30:49Z
dc.date.issued
2017-05
dc.description.abstract
Should public investment be targeted to big cities or to small towns, if the objective is to minimize national poverty? To answer this policy question, this paper extends the basic Todaro-type model of rural-urban migration to the case of migration from rural areas to two potential destinations, secondary town and big city. The analysis first derives the labor income, migration cost and poverty line conditions under which a poverty gradient from rural to town to city will exist as an equilibrium phenomenon. Then sufficient statistics are developed for the policy decisions based on these parameters. The empirical remit of the model is illustrated with long-running panel data from Kagera, Tanzania. Further, the paper shows that the structure of the sufficient statistics is maintained in the case where the model is generalized to introduce heterogeneous workers and jobs.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/434811495466355613/Where-to-create-jobs-to-reduce-poverty-cities-or-towns
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/26839
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8069
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
BIG CITIES
dc.subject
TOWNS
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
POVERTY GRADIENT
dc.subject
TODARO MODEL
dc.subject
MIGRATION EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.title
Where to Create Jobs to Reduce Poverty
en
dc.title.subtitle
Cities or Towns?
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2017-05-22
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/434811495466355613/Where-to-create-jobs-to-reduce-poverty-cities-or-towns
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8069
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b084bb8af3_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
27488489
okr.identifier.report
WPS8069
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/434811495466355613/pdf/WPS8069.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Tanzania
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Employment and Shared Growth
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Reduction Strategies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: National Urban Development Policies & Strategies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Regional Urban Development
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Rural Urban Linkages
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.unit
Jobs Cross Cutting Solution Area

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