Low-Carbon Development : Latin American Responses to Climate Change

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collection.link.40
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2148
collection.name.40
Latin America and Caribbean Studies
dc.contributor.author
de la Torre, Augusto
dc.contributor.author
Fajnzylber, Pablo
dc.contributor.author
Nash, John
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:04:39Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:04:39Z
dc.date.issued
2010
dc.description.abstract
Climate change is already a reality. This is evidenced by the acceleration of global temperature increases, the melting of ice and snow covers, and rising sea levels. Latin America and the Caribbean region (LCR) are not exempt from these trends, as illustrated by the changes in precipitation patterns that are already being reported in the region, as well as by observations of rising temperatures, the rapid melting of Andean tropical glaciers, and an increasing number of extreme weather events. The most important force behind climate change is the rising concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the earth's atmosphere driven mainly by manmade emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases. Because of inertia in the climate system, the planet is likely to continue warming over the twenty-first century, and unless emissions are significantly reduced, this process could accelerate, with potentially very serious consequences for nature and mankind. There is still, however, a high degree of uncertainty regarding the specific drivers, timing, and impact of global climate change, as well as about the costs and efficacy of actions aimed at either mitigating it or dealing with its physical and economic impacts. As a result, it is very hard, at this point, to unambiguously determine economically efficient emission pathways for which the benefits of actions to mitigate climate change will exceed the costs of those actions. Despite these problems and uncertainties, there is increasing evidence suggesting that urgent action is needed in order to alter current emission trends so as to avoid reaching GHG concentration levels that could trigger large and irreversible damages. Negotiations are under way and are scheduled to be concluded in 2012 with a new agreement on a way forward. At the same time, individual countries are also considering how to respond in their own domestic policy to the challenges of climate change. LCR governments and civil society should be well informed about the potential costs and benefits of climate change and their options for decisions that will need to be made over the next decades as well as the global context in which these decisions must be taken. At the same time, the global community needs to be better informed about the unique perspective of the LCR, problems the region will face, potential contributions the region can make to combat global warming, and how to unlock the region's full potential so as to enable it to maximize its contribution while continuing to grow and reduce poverty. This report seeks to help fill both these needs.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8054-3
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2679
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Latin American and Caribbean Studies
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
AFFORESTATION
dc.subject
ALLOWANCES
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
dc.subject
AMOUNT OF EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
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ATMOSPHERIC CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
AUCTION
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
CAPITAL STOCKS
dc.subject
CAPS
dc.subject
CARBON CAPTURE
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE MITIGATION
dc.subject
CARBON ECONOMY
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
CARBON ENERGY
dc.subject
CARBON ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
CARBON FINANCE
dc.subject
CARBON INTENSITY
dc.subject
CARBON PRICE
dc.subject
CARBON PRICES
dc.subject
CARBON TAX
dc.subject
CARBON TAXES
dc.subject
CARBON TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC DAMAGES
dc.subject
CERTIFIED EMISSION REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
CH4
dc.subject
CHANGES IN CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLEAN ENERGY
dc.subject
CLEANER ENERGY
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE ANALYSIS INDICATORS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE DAMAGES
dc.subject
CLIMATE SENSITIVITY
dc.subject
CLIMATE STABILIZATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE SYSTEM
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CHANGES
dc.subject
CO
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COLORS
dc.subject
CONVERGENCE
dc.subject
CORAL REEFS
dc.subject
COST-BENEFIT
dc.subject
COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
dc.subject
CUMULATIVE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
DAMAGES
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DIFFUSION
dc.subject
DISASTER PREVENTION
dc.subject
DROUGHT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RECOVERY
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY COMPANY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSION INTENSITY
dc.subject
EMISSION LEVELS
dc.subject
EMISSION PATHWAYS
dc.subject
EMISSION PERMITS
dc.subject
EMISSION PROFILE
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION TARGETS
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
EMISSION SCENARIOS
dc.subject
EMISSION TRAJECTORIES
dc.subject
EMISSION TRENDS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM LAND USE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM LAND USE CHANGE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM LAND-USE CHANGE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENERGY DEMAND
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS
dc.subject
ENERGY EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ENERGY INTENSITY
dc.subject
ENERGY MIX
dc.subject
ENERGY POLICY
dc.subject
ENERGY SAVINGS
dc.subject
ENERGY SECURITY
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCES
dc.subject
ENERGY SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject
EQUITY CONSIDERATIONS
dc.subject
EXTREME EVENTS
dc.subject
EXTREME WEATHER
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EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL MARKETS
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST CARBON
dc.subject
FOREST CONSERVATION
dc.subject
FOREST DEGRADATION
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL BURNING
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
GAS TURBINE
dc.subject
GASOLINE PRICES
dc.subject
GENERATION MIX
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GHG
dc.subject
GHGS
dc.subject
GLACIERS
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
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GLOBAL EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GLOBAL GREENHOUSE
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GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GLOBAL WARMING
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
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GREENHOUSE EFFECT
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GREENHOUSE GAS ABATEMENT
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GREENHOUSE GAS ABATEMENT COST
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS PER CAPITA
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
HURRICANE
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HURRICANE SEASON
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HURRICANES
dc.subject
ICE SHEETS
dc.subject
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
IMPERFECT INFORMATION
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INSURANCE MECHANISMS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
IPCC
dc.subject
LANDFILL
dc.subject
LANDFILL GAS
dc.subject
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
LNG
dc.subject
LOW-CARBON
dc.subject
LOWER COSTS
dc.subject
MAJOR HURRICANES
dc.subject
MARGINAL ABATEMENT
dc.subject
MARGINAL ABATEMENT COST
dc.subject
MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject
METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
METHANE
dc.subject
MITIGATION POTENTIAL
dc.subject
MONETARY FUND
dc.subject
MONETARY INCENTIVES
dc.subject
N2O
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACTS
dc.subject
NITROUS OXIDE
dc.subject
OCEANS
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OIL
dc.subject
OIL EQUIVALENT
dc.subject
OIL PRICES
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
PORTFOLIO
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR
dc.subject
PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
PRICE VOLATILITY
dc.subject
PRIMARY ENERGY
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PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
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PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject
PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE
dc.subject
RADIATION
dc.subject
RAIN
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RAINFALL
dc.subject
RELATIVE PRICE
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
dc.subject
SEA LEVEL RISE
dc.subject
SEA LEVELS
dc.subject
SOCIAL COST OF CARBON
dc.subject
STORMS
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject
SURFACE TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TOTAL EMISSIONS
dc.subject
TRADE SYSTEM
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TROPICAL CYCLONES
dc.subject
TROPICS
dc.subject
UNCERTAINTIES
dc.subject
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
VEHICLE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
WASTE
dc.subject
WATER VAPOR
dc.subject
WEATHER INSURANCE
dc.subject
WIND
dc.subject
WIND POWER
dc.title
Low-Carbon Development : Latin American Responses to Climate Change
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2010-04-20
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20091027010753
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8054-3
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20091027010753
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
11260636
okr.identifier.report
51281
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/10/27/000333037_20091027010753/Rendered/PDF/512810PUB0low0101Official0Use0Only1.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.geographical
Caribbean
okr.region.geographical
Latin America
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy and Environment
okr.topic
Environment :: Environment and Energy Efficiency
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.unit
Chief Economist (LCRCE)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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