Report

Republic of Armenia Leveling the STEM Playing Field for Women : Differences in Opportunity and Outcomes in Fields of Study and the Labor Market

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collection.link.291
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/23700
collection.link.82
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2190
collection.name.291
Armenian PDFs Available
collection.name.82
Women in Development and Gender Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2017-05-30T17:15:35Z
dc.date.available
2017-05-30T17:15:35Z
dc.date.issued
2017-05
dc.date.lastModified
2020-10-28T10:03:51Z
dc.description.abstract
This report summarizes the challenges facing Armenian women at school and in the workplace with a special focus on STEM-related employment. As the world transitions to an increasingly digital economy, jobs in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) will become a powerful driver of economic growth in the twenty-first century. Changes in economic productivity brought through technological innovation require countries to focus on STEM; these high-productivity fields are increasingly in demand in the global economy, and are the key to competitiveness and gross domestic product (GDP) growth.Parity between men and women was one of the major achievements of socialist regimes in Eastern Europe and Central Cultural stereotypes about the types of work women should engage in and their responsibilities at home present the strongest barrier to equality between women and men in Armenia Asia. Although access, enrolment, and achievement rates are gender-equal in Armenia, women and girls tend to self-select out of STEM education tracks and career fields. At the level of education institutions, policy actions can address issues of access, information, biases, and system-wide changes to promote gender neutrality. In the short term, schools can engage teachers and students in discussions about the benefits of STEM fields of study and careers, encourage girls to embrace their interest in math and science, and provide positive role models of women who work in STEM careers. Policy action can help women make the school-to-work transition and promote their career advancement once they are working. At a national level, policy and regulatory actions can address systemic issues of bias, market failure, and information. Even at this level, some quick wins are feasible. The government may consider whether public information campaigns are needed to promote positive aspects of STEM careers to students in middle school and above, such as greater income, flexibility, and status, as well as launch a media campaign to promote and celebrate positive female role models in STEM. STEM sectors are an important source of growth for Armenia given the country’s geography and closed borders. Also, considering Armenia’s adverse demographic trends, lifting women’s participation in key growth potential sectors, including STEM, is increasingly critical.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/355331495185406481/Armenia-leveling-the-STEM-playing-field-for-women-differences-in-opportunity-and-outcomes-in-fields-of-study-and-the-labor-market
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/26766
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
WOMEN IN WORKFORCE
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
GENDER POLICY
dc.subject
EDUCATION REFORM
dc.subject
STEM
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.title
Republic of Armenia Leveling the STEM Playing Field for Women
en
dc.title.alternative
Հայաստան : Կանանց համար հավասար
en
dc.title.subtitle
Differences in Opportunity and Outcomes in Fields of Study and the Labor Market
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.crossref.title
Republic of Armenia Leveling the STEM Playing Field for Women
okr.date.disclosure
2017-05-19
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Women in Development and Gender Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/355331495185406481/Armenia-leveling-the-STEM-playing-field-for-women-differences-in-opportunity-and-outcomes-in-fields-of-study-and-the-labor-market
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b084b9ca4d_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
27482622
okr.identifier.report
ACS21924
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/355331495185406481/pdf/ACS21924-WP-P157930-PUBLIC-ArmeniaGenderandSTEMReportFINAL.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Armenia
okr.sector
Education
okr.theme
Social dev/gender/inclusion :: Gender
okr.topic
Education :: Education Reform and Management
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Economic Policy
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Education
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Skills Development and Labor Force Training
okr.unit
EDU GP ECA (GED03)

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