Working Paper

Moldova : World Bank Country-Level Engagement on Governance and Anticorruption

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collection.link.25
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2132
collection.name.25
IEG Independent Evaluations & Annual Reviews
dc.contributor.author
Wescott, Clay
dc.contributor.author
Desai, Raj
dc.date.accessioned
2017-05-22T15:23:53Z
dc.date.available
2017-05-22T15:23:53Z
dc.date.issued
2011-12
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:37Z
dc.description.abstract
Moldova has suffered over the last two decades from rising poverty, territorial secession, armed conflict, and the spillover effects of a regional financial crisis, with declining population size and life expectancy, and an economy approximately one-half of what it was in 1990. The return of the Moldovan Communist Party (PCRM), which won two major elections after 2001, contributed to increasing centralization of governmental authority along with a reform agenda that emphasized greater state control over the economy, fiscal support to state enterprises and collective farms, land consolidation, economic protectionism, and the tolerance of monopolies in industry and energy. At the same time, the government has increased social expenditures, and taken major steps to improve public financial management. Bank engagement was moderately effective at the country and project levels, and substantially effective at the sector level. There was progress in several aspects of public financial management (PFM). Regulatory streamlining has reduced costs to business, although resistance to civil service reform has left much work to be done. The Bank has also helped achieve progress on Governance and Anticorruption (GAC) issues in primary education, roads, and private sector development. Education progress is highly uneven across regions, for example, overweight trucks continue to tear up roads, and private investment is not enough to make a dent in high unemployment. A graduated approach to country systems and road sector technical audits help address GAC issues at the project level. The overall impact of GAC strategy implementation was moderate. The GAC committees set up at the regional and sectoral Bank department levels are particularly useful mechanisms for disseminating practices from the GAC Council. Staff has been proactive in using Country Governance and Anticorruption (CGAC) resources. However, three applications for window one funding were not approved, reducing the ability of this small program to seize opportunities.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/833061468060923759/Moldova-World-Bank-country-level-engagement-on-governance-and-anticorruption
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-60244-208-5
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/26682
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
IEG Working Paper;2011/11
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
dc.subject
ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION COMMISSION
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION EFFORTS
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION ISSUES
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION LAWS
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION MEASURES
dc.subject
ANTICORRUPTION STRATEGY
dc.subject
ASSET VALUE
dc.subject
AUDITING
dc.subject
AUDITOR
dc.subject
AUDITS
dc.subject
AUTHORITY
dc.subject
BANKING REFORM
dc.subject
BANKING SECTOR
dc.subject
BASIC SERVICE
dc.subject
BEST PRACTICES
dc.subject
BORROWER
dc.subject
BRIBE
dc.subject
BUDGET MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
BUDGETARY FUNDS
dc.subject
BUREAUCRACY
dc.subject
BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
BUSINESS OPERATIONS
dc.subject
CAPITAL BUDGETING
dc.subject
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
CENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CIVIL SERVANTS
dc.subject
CIVIL SERVICE
dc.subject
CIVIL SERVICE REFORMS
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
CODES OF CONDUCT
dc.subject
COLLECTIVE ACTION
dc.subject
COMMUNIST
dc.subject
COMMUNIST PARTY
dc.subject
COMMUNITY DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
COMMUNITY MEMBERS
dc.subject
COMPLAINTS
dc.subject
CONFIDENCE
dc.subject
CONSOLIDATION
dc.subject
CONSTITUENCY
dc.subject
CONSTITUTION
dc.subject
CORE GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
CORRUPTION PERCEPTION
dc.subject
CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX
dc.subject
COUNTRY DATA
dc.subject
CREDIT RISK
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
CURRENT PRICES
dc.subject
DEGREE OF POLITICIZATION
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
DISCLOSURE
dc.subject
DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION
dc.subject
DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CRIMES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REFORMS
dc.subject
ELECTORAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
ENTERPRISE RESTRUCTURING
dc.subject
ENTERPRISE SURVEYS
dc.subject
ETHICS
dc.subject
EXECUTION
dc.subject
EXECUTIVE AGENCIES
dc.subject
EXTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject
EXTORTION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
FISCAL INCENTIVES
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTORS
dc.subject
FORMAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
FRAUD
dc.subject
GLOBAL INITIATIVES
dc.subject
GOOD GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE CHALLENGES
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE INDICATORS
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE QUALITY
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE REFORMS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT DECISION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
IMPROVING GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INFORMAL PAYMENTS
dc.subject
INITIATIVE
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM
dc.subject
INTEGRITY
dc.subject
INTERNAL AUDIT
dc.subject
INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION
dc.subject
INTERNAL CONTROLS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INVESTIGATION
dc.subject
INVESTIGATIONS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
JUDICIAL REFORM
dc.subject
JUDICIARY
dc.subject
LABOR SHEDDING
dc.subject
LACK OF TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEADERSHIP
dc.subject
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
LEGISLATION
dc.subject
LEGISLATURE
dc.subject
LOAN
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MINISTER
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
dc.subject
MONEY LAUNDERING
dc.subject
MONOPOLIES
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS
dc.subject
NATIONAL OFFICES
dc.subject
NATIONS
dc.subject
OPERATING PERMITS
dc.subject
OPERATIONAL RISK
dc.subject
OPPOSITION PARTIES
dc.subject
PETTY CORRUPTION
dc.subject
POLITICAL CHANGE
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POLITICAL INTERESTS
dc.subject
POLITICAL INTERFERENCE
dc.subject
POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY
dc.subject
POOR PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
PRESIDENCY
dc.subject
PRESIDENTS
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIME MINISTER
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
PRIVATIZATION
dc.subject
PROCUREMENT
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
PROSECUTION
dc.subject
PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC FINANCE
dc.subject
PUBLIC FINANCING
dc.subject
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC OFFICIALS
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICIES
dc.subject
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject
REAL SECTOR
dc.subject
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
REGULATORY REGIME
dc.subject
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
REHABILITATION
dc.subject
REORGANIZATION
dc.subject
REPRESENTATIVES
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
REVENUE MOBILIZATION
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
RULE OF LAW
dc.subject
SANCTIONS
dc.subject
SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL STABILITY
dc.subject
STATE BUDGET
dc.subject
STATE CONTROL
dc.subject
STATE ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
STATE INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
dc.subject
TAX ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
TAX COLLECTION
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TAX REVENUES
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TERRORISM
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
UNION
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.title
Moldova
en
dc.title.subtitle
World Bank Country-Level Engagement on Governance and Anticorruption
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-02-10
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/833061468060923759/Moldova-World-Bank-country-level-engagement-on-governance-and-anticorruption
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20120212234952
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15797422
okr.identifier.report
66756
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/833061468060923759/pdf/667560NWP00PUB05B0GACMoldovaWPFinal.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Moldova
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
okr.topic
Governance :: Governance Indicators
okr.topic
Governance :: National Governance
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Corruption and Anticorruption Measures
okr.topic
Governance :: International Governmental Organizations
okr.unit
IEG Communication, Learning and Strategies - (IEGCS)

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