Namibia: Country Brief

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collection.link.129
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5993
collection.name.129
Stand alone books
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:03:27Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:03:27Z
dc.date.issued
2009
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T05:26:56Z
dc.description.abstract
Namibia is a large country in Southern Africa that borders the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola to the north and South Africa to the south. With a surface area of 824,290 square kilometers, it is similar in size to Mozambique and about half the size of the U.S. state of Alaska. Namibia has a small population of approximately 2.1 million people. It is also one of the least densely populated countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with an average density of approximately 2.5 people per square kilometer, compared to 34 people per square kilometer for the region as a whole. Namibia was the last colonized country in Sub-Saharan Africa to become independent. After nearly 70 years of South African rule, Namibia gained its independence on March 21, 1990. Until 1990, Namibia's official languages were German, Afrikaans, and English. Following independence, English became the official language, although it is the first language of only a very small percentage of Namibians. Oshiwambo dialects are the mother tongue of approximately half of the population. Namibia, a lower-middle-income country, has one of the highest levels of per capita income in Sub-Saharan Africa. Namibia is one of very few countries in Sub-Saharan Africa that maintains a social safety net for the elderly, the disabled, orphans and vulnerable children, and war veterans. It also has a social security act that provides for maternity leave, sick leave, and medical benefits. Namibia has one of the most productive fishing grounds in the world. The fishing industry is an important source of foreign exchange and a significant employer. The tourism industry in Namibia is similar in size to that in Botswana and is the country's third-largest foreign exchange earner. Namibia is one of the largest producers of gem quality diamonds in the world. It is estimated that 98 percent of its mined diamonds are gem quality. In 2006, almost half of total production was recovered from offshore sources. Namibia is the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, with deserts occupying much of the country. It has no perennial rivers or any other permanent water bodies. Due to the low and erratic rainfall and scarce ground and surface water, less than five percent of the country is arable, including through irrigation. Namibia was the first country in the world to incorporate environmental protection into its constitution. Nearly six percent of its land is nationally protected, including large portions of coastal areas within the Namib Desert.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20090522020414
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-7870-0
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2630
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ADULT LITERACY
dc.subject
ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
dc.subject
ANNUAL INCOME
dc.subject
ARABLE LAND
dc.subject
ARSENIC
dc.subject
AUDITS
dc.subject
BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL BANKS
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL FISHING
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject
CREDIT RATING
dc.subject
CURRENT ACCOUNT
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT PLANS
dc.subject
DIET
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
DISSEMINATION
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH
dc.subject
DROUGHTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
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ENDANGERED SPECIES
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
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ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject
EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject
FISCAL POSITION
dc.subject
FISH
dc.subject
FISHERIES
dc.subject
FISHING
dc.subject
FISHING GROUNDS
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FOOD PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITY
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GENDER EQUALITY
dc.subject
GOOD GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROUNDWATER
dc.subject
HAZARDOUS WASTES
dc.subject
HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
HEALTH RISKS
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HOSPITAL
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HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
HUMAN WELFARE
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
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IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
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IMPORTS
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INCOME DISTRIBUTION
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INDEBTEDNESS
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INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
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INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
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INFANT MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
INFECTION RATES
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INSURANCE COMPANIES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LAND DEGRADATION
dc.subject
LAND PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LAND TENURE
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LEGAL RIGHTS
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEGISLATION
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LEVEL OF POVERTY
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject
LOCAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
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MALARIA
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MARKET PRICES
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MARKETING
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MATERNAL MORTALITY
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MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO
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MATERNITY LEAVE
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MATHEMATICS
dc.subject
MEASLES
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MEASLES IMMUNIZATION
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MEAT
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MEDICAL BENEFITS
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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
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MINES
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MINISTRY OF HEALTH
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MINORITY
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MORTALITY RATE
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MOTHER
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MOTHER-TO-CHILD
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MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
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NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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NATIONAL PRIORITIES
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NATURAL RESOURCE
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NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
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NATURAL RESOURCES
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NUMBER OF PEOPLE
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OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
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OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
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OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
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OIL
dc.subject
OIL EQUIVALENT
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ORPHANS
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OVERGRAZING
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OZONE LAYER
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PENSION
dc.subject
PENSION FUNDS
dc.subject
PESTICIDES
dc.subject
POLLUTION
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POLLUTION LEVELS
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POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
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POPULATION GROWTH
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POPULATION STRUCTURE
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POVERTY LEVELS
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POVERTY LINE
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POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
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PRENATAL CARE
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
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PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
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PRIMARY HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
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PRIMARY SCHOOL
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PRIMARY SCHOOLING
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PRIVATE CONSUMPTION
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PRIVATE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
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PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
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PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
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QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
QUOTAS
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REMITTANCES
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RESEARCH ASSISTANCE
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RESPECT
dc.subject
RESPONSIBILITIES
dc.subject
RULE OF LAW
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
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RURAL POPULATION
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SAFETY NET
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SANITATION
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SANITATION FACILITIES
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SEA LEVEL
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SECONDARY EDUCATION
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SECONDARY SCHOOL
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SENIOR
dc.subject
SICK LEAVE
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL COSTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL EQUITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL INEQUALITY
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SOCIAL SECURITY
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SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SOIL DEGRADATION
dc.subject
SOIL EROSION
dc.subject
SPECIES
dc.subject
STOCK EXCHANGE
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STOCKS
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SUBSISTENCE FARMING
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SUSTAINABLE ACCESS
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
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SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
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TAX RATE
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TERMS OF TRADE
dc.subject
TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
TRADE UNIONS
dc.subject
TREATIES
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
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UNEMPLOYMENT
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UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
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UNIVERSITY EDUCATION
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UNSKILLED WORKERS
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URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
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WAGE
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WAGES
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WAR
dc.subject
WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject
WATER RESOURCES
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WETLANDS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.title
Namibia: Country Brief
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-05-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20090522020414
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-7870-0
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20090522020414
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10587441
okr.identifier.report
48596
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/05/22/000333037_20090522020414/Rendered/PDF/485960PUB0Nami101Official0Use0Only1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Namibia
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.region.geographical
Southern Africa
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Banks & Banking Reform
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
okr.topic
Environment :: Environmental Economics & Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Econ. Policy & Debt Dept (PRMED)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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