Book

Africa's Cities : Opening Doors to the World

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collection.link.129
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5993
collection.name.129
Stand alone books
dc.contributor.author
Lall, Somik Vinay
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Henderson, J. Vernon
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Venables, Anthony J.
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Aguilar, Juliana
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Aguilera, Ana
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Antos, Sarah
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Avner, Paolo
en_US
dc.contributor.other
D'Aoust, Olivia
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Huang, Chyi-Yun
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Jones, Patricia
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Lozano Garcia, Nancy
en_US
dc.contributor.other
Nakamura, Shohei
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2017-01-24T16:26:54Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2017-01-24T16:26:54Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2017-02-09
en_US
dc.description.abstract
Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing rapid population growth. Yet their economic growth has not kept pace. Why? One factor might be low capital investment, due in part to Africa’s relative poverty: Other regions have reached similar stages of urbanization at higher per capita GDP. This study, however, identifies a deeper reason: African cities are closed to the world. Compared with other developing cities, cities in Africa produce few goods and services for trade on regional and international markets To grow economically as they are growing in size, Africa’s cities must open their doors to the world. They need to specialize in manufacturing, along with other regionally and globally tradable goods and services. And to attract global investment in tradables production, cities must develop scale economies, which are associated with successful urban economic development in other regions. Such scale economies can arise in Africa, and they will—if city and country leaders make concerted efforts to bring agglomeration effects to urban areas. Today, potential urban investors and entrepreneurs look at Africa and see crowded, disconnected, and costly cities. Such cities inspire low expectations for the scale of urban production and for returns on invested capital. How can these cities become economically dense—not merely crowded? How can they acquire efficient connections? And how can they draw firms and skilled workers with a more affordable, livable urban environment? From a policy standpoint, the answer must be to address the structural problems affecting African cities. Foremost among these problems are institutional and regulatory constraints that misallocate land and labor, fragment physical development, and limit productivity. As long as African cities lack functioning land markets and regulations and early, coordinated infrastructure investments, they will remain local cities: closed to regional and global markets, trapped into producing only locally traded goods and services, and limited in their economic growth.
en_US
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-1044-2
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/25896
en_US
dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
en_US
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
en_US
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
en_US
dc.subject
urban development
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dc.subject
urbanization
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dc.subject
disconnected
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dc.subject
urban congestion
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dc.subject
land market
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dc.subject
property rights
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dc.subject
urban planning
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dc.subject
crowded cities
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dc.subject
population density
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dc.subject
jobs
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dc.subject
spatial fragmentation
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dc.subject
development trap
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dc.subject
crowding
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dc.subject
transportation
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dc.subject
investment climate
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dc.subject
land values
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dc.subject
land use
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dc.subject
roads
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dc.title
Africa's Cities
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dc.title.subtitle
Opening Doors to the World
en_US
dc.type
Book
en_US
okr.associatedcontent
http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/afr/publication/africa-cities-opening-doors-world Africa's Cities website
en_US
okr.date.disclosure
2017-02-09
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.externalurl
http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/afr/publication/africa-cities-opening-doors-world
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-1044-2
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
211044
en_US
okr.identifier.report
113851
en_US
okr.imported
true
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Africa
en_US
okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Infrastructure Economics
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okr.topic
Urban Development :: City Development Strategies
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okr.topic
Urban Development :: National Urban Development Policies & Strategies
en_US
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
en_US
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Governance and Management
en_US
okr.unit
GSU13
en_US

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