Book

Africa's Cities : Opening Doors to the World

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collection.link.129
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5993
collection.name.129
Stand alone books
dc.contributor.author
Lall, Somik Vinay
dc.contributor.author
Henderson, J. Vernon
dc.contributor.author
Venables, Anthony J.
dc.contributor.other
Aguilar, Juliana
dc.contributor.other
Aguilera, Ana
dc.contributor.other
Antos, Sarah
dc.contributor.other
Avner, Paolo
dc.contributor.other
D'Aoust, Olivia
dc.contributor.other
Huang, Chyi-Yun
dc.contributor.other
Jones, Patricia
dc.contributor.other
Lozano Garcia, Nancy
dc.contributor.other
Nakamura, Shohei
dc.date.accessioned
2017-01-24T16:26:54Z
dc.date.available
2017-01-24T16:26:54Z
dc.date.issued
2017-02-09
dc.description.abstract
Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing rapid population growth. Yet their economic growth has not kept pace. Why? One factor might be low capital investment, due in part to Africa’s relative poverty: Other regions have reached similar stages of urbanization at higher per capita GDP. This study, however, identifies a deeper reason: African cities are closed to the world. Compared with other developing cities, cities in Africa produce few goods and services for trade on regional and international markets To grow economically as they are growing in size, Africa’s cities must open their doors to the world. They need to specialize in manufacturing, along with other regionally and globally tradable goods and services. And to attract global investment in tradables production, cities must develop scale economies, which are associated with successful urban economic development in other regions. Such scale economies can arise in Africa, and they will—if city and country leaders make concerted efforts to bring agglomeration effects to urban areas. Today, potential urban investors and entrepreneurs look at Africa and see crowded, disconnected, and costly cities. Such cities inspire low expectations for the scale of urban production and for returns on invested capital. How can these cities become economically dense—not merely crowded? How can they acquire efficient connections? And how can they draw firms and skilled workers with a more affordable, livable urban environment? From a policy standpoint, the answer must be to address the structural problems affecting African cities. Foremost among these problems are institutional and regulatory constraints that misallocate land and labor, fragment physical development, and limit productivity. As long as African cities lack functioning land markets and regulations and early, coordinated infrastructure investments, they will remain local cities: closed to regional and global markets, trapped into producing only locally traded goods and services, and limited in their economic growth.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-1044-2
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/25896
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
urban development
dc.subject
urbanization
dc.subject
disconnected
dc.subject
urban congestion
dc.subject
land market
dc.subject
property rights
dc.subject
urban planning
dc.subject
crowded cities
dc.subject
population density
dc.subject
jobs
dc.subject
spatial fragmentation
dc.subject
development trap
dc.subject
crowding
dc.subject
transportation
dc.subject
investment climate
dc.subject
land values
dc.subject
land use
dc.subject
roads
dc.title
Africa's Cities
en
dc.title.subtitle
Opening Doors to the World
dc.type
Book
en
okr.associatedcontent
http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/afr/publication/africa-cities-opening-doors-world Africa's Cities website
okr.date.disclosure
2017-02-09
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.externalurl
http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/afr/publication/africa-cities-opening-doors-world
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-1044-2
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
211044
okr.identifier.report
113851
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.topic
Infrastructure Economics and Finance :: Infrastructure Economics
okr.topic
Urban Development :: City Development Strategies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: National Urban Development Policies & Strategies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Governance and Management
okr.unit
GSU13

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