Urbanization and Growth : Commission on Growth and Development

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collection.link.122
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4397
collection.link.133
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5998
collection.name.122
Commission on Growth and Development
collection.name.133
Chinese PDFs Available
dc.contributor.author
Spence, Michael
dc.contributor.author
Annez, Patricia Clarke
dc.contributor.author
Buckley, Robert M.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:02:18Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:02:18Z
dc.date.issued
2009
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:03Z
dc.description.abstract
Structural change is a key driver of rapid growth: countries diversify into new industries, firms learn new things, people move to new locations. Anything that slows this structural change is also likely to slow growth. Because urbanization is one of the most important enabling parallel processes in rapid growth, making it work well is critical. Urbanization's contribution to growth comes from two sources: the difference between rural and urban productivity levels and more rapid productivity change in cities. In the early decades of development, when the majority of the population is still rural, the jump from rural to urban employment makes a big contribution to growth. As cities grow larger, the second effect faster gains in urban productivity - begins to dominate, as it operates on a larger base. Mortgages can improve households' ability to buy decent housing. But finance relaxes demand constraints only. Unless it is accompanied by measures to increase supply, better finance may result in overshooting prices. This volatility can jeopardize macroeconomic stability. In a typical pattern, strong income growth leads to a rapid increase in housing demand. An injection of liquidity from some source, often overseas, may help over stimulate the market, leading to over optimism and a dangerous concentration of wealth in real estate.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000334955_20090109055508
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-7573-0
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2582
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ABUSE
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ALM
dc.subject
BANKS
dc.subject
BARRIOS
dc.subject
BETTERMENT LEVIES
dc.subject
BORROWING
dc.subject
BUDGET CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKETS
dc.subject
CENTER FOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
CITY COUNCILS
dc.subject
CITY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
CITY DWELLERS
dc.subject
CITY SIZE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CULTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
EASTERN CARIBBEAN CENTRAL BANK
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
dc.subject
FEMALE EDUCATION
dc.subject
FEWER CHILDREN
dc.subject
FINANCIAL MARKETS
dc.subject
FISCAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICY
dc.subject
FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
GREEN REVOLUTION
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HOUSING DEMAND
dc.subject
HOUSING MARKETS
dc.subject
HOUSING STOCK
dc.subject
HOUSING SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN LIFE
dc.subject
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
dc.subject
ILLITERACY
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMPORTANT POLICY
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LAND MARKETS
dc.subject
LAND PRICES
dc.subject
LAND TAXES
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
dc.subject
LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEGISLATION
dc.subject
LICENSES
dc.subject
LIMITED RESOURCES
dc.subject
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
LOCAL COUNCILS
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
LOCAL PUBLIC FINANCE
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
dc.subject
MASS IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
MEGACITIES
dc.subject
MODERNIZATION
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MORTGAGE LENDING
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL FINANCE
dc.subject
MUNICIPALITIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL BOUNDARIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
dc.subject
NUMBER OF WORKERS
dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
POLICE
dc.subject
POLICY DECISIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESPONSE
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
POPULATION INCREMENTS
dc.subject
POPULATION MOVEMENTS
dc.subject
POPULATION SHIFT
dc.subject
POPULATION SHIFTS
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PRACTITIONERS
dc.subject
PRIMATE CITIES
dc.subject
PROPERTY TAXES
dc.subject
PUBLIC
dc.subject
PUBLIC FINANCE
dc.subject
PUBLIC HOUSING
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC RESOURCES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
RATE OF GROWTH
dc.subject
RATES OF GROWTH
dc.subject
RATES OF URBANIZATION
dc.subject
REAL ESTATE MARKETS
dc.subject
REGIONAL INEQUALITIES
dc.subject
RENTAL VALUE OF PROPERTY
dc.subject
RICHER COUNTRIES
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATIONS
dc.subject
RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject
RURAL­URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SECONDARY CITIES
dc.subject
SECURITY OF TENURE
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTORS
dc.subject
SERVICED LAND
dc.subject
SEWAGE
dc.subject
SEWAGE TREATMENT
dc.subject
SEWER SYSTEMS
dc.subject
SEWERAGE
dc.subject
SEWERAGE SYSTEMS
dc.subject
SLUMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
SPONSORS
dc.subject
STATE UNIVERSITY
dc.subject
SUBSIDIARY
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TECHNICAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
TOLERANCE
dc.subject
TOWNS
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSITION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNFPA
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
dc.subject
URBAN
dc.subject
URBAN AGGLOMERATION
dc.subject
URBAN AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN BIAS
dc.subject
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
URBAN ECONOMICS
dc.subject
URBAN ECONOMIES
dc.subject
URBAN EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
URBAN ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
URBAN LABOR
dc.subject
URBAN LAND
dc.subject
URBAN LAND USE
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBAN POLICY
dc.subject
URBAN POOR
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATIONS
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject
URBAN PROJECTS
dc.subject
URBAN SECTOR
dc.subject
URBAN SECTORS
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSITION
dc.subject
URBAN WORKERS
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
URBANIZATION PROCESS
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WARS
dc.subject
WASTE WATER
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
WATER TREATMENT
dc.title
Urbanization and Growth : Commission on Growth and Development
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-05-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000334955_20090109055508
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-7573-0
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000334955_20090109055508
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10159324
okr.identifier.report
47061
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/01/09/000334955_20090109055508/Rendered/PDF/470610PUB0Urba101OFFICIAL0USE0ONLY1.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.topic
Urban Development :: National Urban Development Policies & Strategies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Public Sector Management and Reform
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Banks & Banking Reform
okr.topic
Urban Development :: City Development Strategies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.topic
Public Sector Development
okr.unit
Office of VP & Head of Network (PRMVP)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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