Population Aging : Is Latin America Ready?

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collection.link.137
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/6002
collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.137
Spanish PDFs Available
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Cotlear, Daniel
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T09:36:03Z
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dc.date.available
2012-03-19T09:36:03Z
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dc.date.issued
2011
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dc.description.abstract
The past half-century has seen enormous changes in the demographic makeup of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). In the 1950s, LAC had a small population of about 160 million people, less than today's population of Brazil. Two-thirds of Latin Americans lived in rural areas. Families were large and women had one of the highest fertility rates in the world, low levels of education, and few opportunities for work outside the household. Investments in health and education reached only a small fraction of the children, many of whom died before reaching age five. Since then, the size of the LAC population has tripled and the mostly rural population has been transformed into a largely urban population. There have been steep reductions in child mortality, and investments in health and education have increased, today reaching a majority of children. Fertility has been more than halved and the opportunities for women in education and for work outside the household have improved significantly. Life expectancy has grown by 22 years. Less obvious to the casual observer, but of significance for policy makers, a population with a large fraction of dependent children has evolved into a population with fewer dependents and a very large proportion of working-age adults. This overview seeks to introduce the reader to three groups of issues related to population aging in LAC. First is a group of issues related to the support of the aging and poverty in the life cycle. Second is the question of the health transition. Third is an understanding of the fiscal pressures that are likely to accompany population aging and to disentangle the role of demography from the role of policy in that process.
en_US
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8487-9
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2542
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dc.language
English
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dc.publisher
World Bank
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development ; human development
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
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dc.subject
ADEQUATE HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
ADULT MORTALITY
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dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
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dc.subject
AGE DISTRIBUTION
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AGED
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AGING
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AGING POPULATIONS
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AVERAGE FAMILY SIZE
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
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dc.subject
CENTER FOR HEALTH
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dc.subject
CHALLENGES OF POPULATION
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dc.subject
CHANGES IN POPULATION SIZE
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dc.subject
CHILD CARE
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dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
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dc.subject
CHILDREN PER WOMAN
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dc.subject
CHRONIC CONDITIONS
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CHRONIC DISEASE
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dc.subject
CITIES
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COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
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dc.subject
COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN
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dc.subject
DECLINE IN FERTILITY
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dc.subject
DECLINES IN MORTALITY
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dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHERS
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DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
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DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
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DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
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DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
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DEPENDENCY RATIO
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DEPENDENCY RATIOS
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dc.subject
DEPENDENT CHILDREN
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dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
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dc.subject
DIABETES
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dc.subject
DISABILITIES
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dc.subject
DISABILITY
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DISSEMINATION
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEMOGRAPHY
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC STATUS
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dc.subject
ELDERLY
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ELDERLY POPULATION
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EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION
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dc.subject
FAMILIES
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dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
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dc.subject
FEMALE LIFE EXPECTANCY
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dc.subject
FERTILITY
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dc.subject
FERTILITY DECLINE
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dc.subject
FERTILITY LEVELS
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dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
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dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
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dc.subject
FERTILITY TRANSITIONS
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dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
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dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
HEALTH CARE DEMAND
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HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION
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HEALTH CONDITIONS
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HEALTH COSTS
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HEALTH EXPENDITURES
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HEALTH FACILITIES
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HEALTH PLANS
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HEALTH POLICY
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HEALTH PROBLEMS
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HEALTH SERVICES
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HEALTH STATUS
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HEALTH SYSTEM
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HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
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dc.subject
HIV
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HOSPITAL
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HOSPITALIZATION
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HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
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HYPERTENSION
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ILL HEALTH
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ILLNESS
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IMMIGRANTS
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IMMIGRATION COUNTRIES
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IMMUNODEFICIENCY
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dc.subject
IMPACT OF POPULATION
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dc.subject
IMPACT ON HEALTH
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dc.subject
IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH
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dc.subject
INCOME
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dc.subject
INCOME SECURITY
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dc.subject
INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS
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dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL HEALTH
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dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL INCOMES
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INFANT
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INFANT MORTALITY
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INFANT MORTALITY RATE
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INFANT MORTALITY RATES
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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INTEREST IN POPULATION
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
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INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION
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ISOLATION
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LABOR FORCE
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LABOR MARKET
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LABOR SUPPLY
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LACK OF ACCESS TO TREATMENT
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LARGE FAMILIES
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LARGE POPULATION
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LARGE POPULATIONS
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LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH
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LEADING CAUSES
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LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH
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LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY
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LEGAL STATUS
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LEGISLATORS
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LEVEL OF POVERTY
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LEVELS OF EDUCATION
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LEVELS OF PRODUCTIVITY
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LIFE EXPECTANCY
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LIVING CONDITIONS
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LONG-TERM CARE
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LOW FERTILITY
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MAJORITY OF CHILDREN
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MALARIA
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MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH
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MEDICAL NEEDS
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MIGRANTS
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MIGRATION
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MORBIDITY
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MORTALITY
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NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
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NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEMS
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NATIONAL LEVEL
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NUMBER OF BIRTHS
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NUMBER OF CHILDREN
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NUTRITION
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OBESITY
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OFFICE OF POPULATION
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OLD AGE
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OLD-AGE
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OLDER ADULTS
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OLDER PEOPLE
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OLDER PERSONS
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OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
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PANDEMIC
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PARASITIC DISEASES
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PENSIONS
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PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
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dc.subject
POLICY CHANGE
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dc.subject
POLICY DECISIONS
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dc.subject
POLICY FRAMEWORK
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dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
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POLICY RESEARCH
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dc.subject
POLIO
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POOR NUTRITION
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POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
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POPULATION CHANGE
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POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
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POPULATION DIVISION
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POPULATION ESTIMATES
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POPULATION FIELD
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POPULATION GROUPS
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POPULATION GROWTH
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POPULATION GROWTH RATES
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POPULATION ISSUES
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POPULATION MOMENTUM
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POPULATION RESEARCH
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POPULATION STRUCTURE
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POPULATION STUDIES
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PROBABILITY
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PROGRESS
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PUBLIC EDUCATION
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PUBLIC HEALTH
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PUBLIC POLICY
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PUBLIC SERVICES
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PURCHASING POWER
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PURCHASING POWER PARITY
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RECIPIENT COUNTRIES
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REMITTANCES
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REPLACEMENT LEVEL
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REPRODUCTIVE AGE
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RESPIRATORY DISEASES
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RISK FACTORS
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RURAL AREAS
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RURAL POPULATION
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SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION
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SECONDARY EDUCATION
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SERVICE UTILIZATION
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SLOWER POPULATION GROWTH
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dc.subject
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
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SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
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SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
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SOCIAL POLICY
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SOCIAL SECURITY
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SOCIAL WELFARE
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dc.subject
SPOUSE
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SPOUSES
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TRAUMA
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TUBERCULOSIS
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UNEMPLOYMENT
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UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION
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URBAN CENTERS
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URBAN POPULATION
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VIRGIN
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WOMAN
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WORKERS
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WORKFORCE
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dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
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WORLD CONFERENCE
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dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
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dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
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dc.subject
YOUNG AGES
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YOUNG CHILDREN
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YOUNG PEOPLE
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dc.title
Population Aging : Is Latin America Ready?
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dc.title.alternative
Envejecimiento de la poblacion : esta preparada America Latina ?
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okr.date.disclosure
2011-01-07
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000356161_20110107011214
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
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okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8487-9
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000356161_20110107011214
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
13357409
en_US
okr.identifier.report
58842
en_US
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/01/07/000356161_20110107011214/Rendered/PDF/588420PUB0Popu11public10BOX353816B0.pdf
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
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okr.region.geographical
Latin America
en_US
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Pensions & Retirement Systems
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring and Evaluation
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Systems Development & Reform
en_US
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Demographics
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
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okr.unit
Health
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okr.unit
Nutrition & Popultn Team (HDNHE)
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US

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