Population Aging : Is Latin America Ready?

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collection.link.137
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/6002
collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.137
Spanish PDFs Available
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Cotlear, Daniel
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T09:36:03Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T09:36:03Z
dc.date.issued
2011
dc.description.abstract
The past half-century has seen enormous changes in the demographic makeup of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). In the 1950s, LAC had a small population of about 160 million people, less than today's population of Brazil. Two-thirds of Latin Americans lived in rural areas. Families were large and women had one of the highest fertility rates in the world, low levels of education, and few opportunities for work outside the household. Investments in health and education reached only a small fraction of the children, many of whom died before reaching age five. Since then, the size of the LAC population has tripled and the mostly rural population has been transformed into a largely urban population. There have been steep reductions in child mortality, and investments in health and education have increased, today reaching a majority of children. Fertility has been more than halved and the opportunities for women in education and for work outside the household have improved significantly. Life expectancy has grown by 22 years. Less obvious to the casual observer, but of significance for policy makers, a population with a large fraction of dependent children has evolved into a population with fewer dependents and a very large proportion of working-age adults. This overview seeks to introduce the reader to three groups of issues related to population aging in LAC. First is a group of issues related to the support of the aging and poverty in the life cycle. Second is the question of the health transition. Third is an understanding of the fiscal pressures that are likely to accompany population aging and to disentangle the role of demography from the role of policy in that process.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8487-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2542
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development ; human development
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
ADEQUATE HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
dc.subject
AGE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
AGING
dc.subject
AGING POPULATIONS
dc.subject
AVERAGE FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
dc.subject
CENTER FOR HEALTH
dc.subject
CHALLENGES OF POPULATION
dc.subject
CHANGES IN POPULATION SIZE
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILDREN PER WOMAN
dc.subject
CHRONIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
CHRONIC DISEASE
dc.subject
CITIES
dc.subject
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
dc.subject
COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
DECLINE IN FERTILITY
dc.subject
DECLINES IN MORTALITY
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHERS
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIO
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIOS
dc.subject
DEPENDENT CHILDREN
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DIABETES
dc.subject
DISABILITIES
dc.subject
DISABILITY
dc.subject
DISSEMINATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEMOGRAPHY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
ELDERLY POPULATION
dc.subject
EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FEMALE LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY DECLINE
dc.subject
FERTILITY LEVELS
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject
FERTILITY TRANSITIONS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE DEMAND
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION
dc.subject
HEALTH CONDITIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH COSTS
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH PLANS
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH STATUS
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HOSPITAL
dc.subject
HOSPITALIZATION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
dc.subject
HYPERTENSION
dc.subject
ILL HEALTH
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION COUNTRIES
dc.subject
IMMUNODEFICIENCY
dc.subject
IMPACT OF POPULATION
dc.subject
IMPACT ON HEALTH
dc.subject
IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME SECURITY
dc.subject
INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL HEALTH
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL INCOMES
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dc.subject
INTEREST IN POPULATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
ISOLATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LACK OF ACCESS TO TREATMENT
dc.subject
LARGE FAMILIES
dc.subject
LARGE POPULATION
dc.subject
LARGE POPULATIONS
dc.subject
LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH
dc.subject
LEADING CAUSES
dc.subject
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH
dc.subject
LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEGISLATORS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF POVERTY
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LONG-TERM CARE
dc.subject
LOW FERTILITY
dc.subject
MAJORITY OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
MALARIA
dc.subject
MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MEDICAL NEEDS
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MORBIDITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NUMBER OF BIRTHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
OBESITY
dc.subject
OFFICE OF POPULATION
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
OLD-AGE
dc.subject
OLDER ADULTS
dc.subject
OLDER PEOPLE
dc.subject
OLDER PERSONS
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
dc.subject
PANDEMIC
dc.subject
PARASITIC DISEASES
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
dc.subject
POLICY CHANGE
dc.subject
POLICY DECISIONS
dc.subject
POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLIO
dc.subject
POOR NUTRITION
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POPULATION CHANGE
dc.subject
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
POPULATION ESTIMATES
dc.subject
POPULATION FIELD
dc.subject
POPULATION GROUPS
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
POPULATION ISSUES
dc.subject
POPULATION MOMENTUM
dc.subject
POPULATION RESEARCH
dc.subject
POPULATION STRUCTURE
dc.subject
POPULATION STUDIES
dc.subject
PROBABILITY
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject
RECIPIENT COUNTRIES
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
REPLACEMENT LEVEL
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE AGE
dc.subject
RESPIRATORY DISEASES
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SERVICE UTILIZATION
dc.subject
SLOWER POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL POLICY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SPOUSE
dc.subject
SPOUSES
dc.subject
TRAUMA
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
VIRGIN
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
WORLD CONFERENCE
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.subject
YOUNG AGES
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.title
Population Aging : Is Latin America Ready?
en
dc.title.alternative
Envejecimiento de la poblacion : esta preparada America Latina ?
en
okr.date.disclosure
2011-01-07
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000356161_20110107011214
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8487-9
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000356161_20110107011214
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
13357409
okr.identifier.report
58842
okr.language.supported
en
okr.language.supported
es
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/01/07/000356161_20110107011214/Rendered/PDF/588420PUB0Popu11public10BOX353816B0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.geographical
Latin America
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Pensions & Retirement Systems
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Systems Development & Reform
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Demographics
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Health
okr.unit
Nutrition & Popultn Team (HDNHE)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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