Journal Article

The Determinants of Child Mortality Reduction in the Middle East and North Africa

Show simple item record

collection.link.125
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4401
collection.name.125
C. Journal articles published externally
dc.contributor.author
Iqbal, Farrukh
dc.contributor.author
Kiendrebeogo, Youssouf
dc.date.accessioned
2016-11-03T18:54:43Z
dc.date.available
2016-11-03T18:54:43Z
dc.date.issued
2016-09-21
dc.date.lastModified
2021-05-25T10:54:34Z
dc.description.abstract
Although child mortality rates have declined all across the developing world over the past 40 years, they have fallen the most in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We investigate the causes of this through an econometric model that differs from previous studies in using the change in child mortality, rather than its level, as the dependent variable. We show that the process of child mortality decline has been characterized by convergence, whereby countries with higher levels of initial child mortality have experienced faster declines than those with lower levels. In addition, we find that public spending on health, growth rates of income and levels of caloric adequacy are robust determinants of the change in child mortality over time. Neither initial mortality status nor caloric adequacy is likely to remain as important for the MENA region in the future as they have been in the past. The region has been benefitting less and less from the convergence momentum conferred by high initial child mortality as its mortality levels have declined over time and this will continue into the future. With regard to caloric adequacy, the region is unlikely to experience significant improvements in the future as it has already achieved a high level of food sufficiency. Accordingly, most countries in the region must look to achieving more rapid income growth and higher rates of appropriately targeted public spending on health in order to achieve further child mortality reductions in the future.
en
dc.identifier.citation
Middle East Development Journal
dc.identifier.issn
1793-8120
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/25331
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Taylor and Francis
dc.rights
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
child mortality
dc.subject
caloric adequacy
dc.subject
public health spending
dc.subject
economic growth
dc.title
The Determinants of Child Mortality Reduction in the Middle East and North Africa
en
dc.type
Journal Article
en
okr.associatedcontent
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17938120.2016.1230831 Journal website (version of record)
okr.date.disclosure
2018-03-21
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Journal Article
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.externalcontent
External Content
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1080/17938120.2016.1230831
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/25331
okr.identifier.report
111070
okr.journal.nbpages
230-47
okr.language.supported
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Early Child and Children's Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring & Evaluation
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Nutrition
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Reduction Strategies
okr.unit
Office of the Chief Economist, Middle East and North Africa (MNACE)
okr.volume
8(2)

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)