Book

Expanding Job Opportunities in Ghana

Show simple item record

collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Honorati, Maddalena
dc.contributor.author
Johansson de Silva, Sara
dc.date.accessioned
2016-10-20T15:13:35Z
dc.date.available
2016-10-20T15:13:35Z
dc.date.issued
2016-10-20
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:29Z
dc.description.abstract
Ghana was, until very recently, a success story in Africa, achieving high and sustained growth and impressive poverty reduction. However, Ghana is now facing major challenges in diversifying its economy, sustaining growth, and making it more inclusive. Most of the new jobs that have been created in the past decade have been in low-earning, low-productivity trade services. Macroeconomic instability, limited diversification and growing inequities in Ghana’s labor markets make it harder for the economy to create more jobs, and particularly, better jobs. Employment needs to expand in both urban areas, which will continue to grow rapidly, and rural areas, where poverty is still concentrated. The current fiscal and economic crisis is heightening the need for urgent reforms but limiting the room for maneuver and increasing pressure for a careful prioritization of policy actions. Going forward, Ghana will need to consider an integrated jobs strategy that addresses barriers to the business climate, deficiencies in skills, lack of competitiveness of job-creating sectors, problems with labor mobility, and the need for comprehensive labor market regulation. Ghana needs to diversify its economy through gains in productivity in sectors like agribusiness, transport, construction, energy, and information and communications technology (ICT) services. Productivity needs to be increased also in agriculture, in order to increase the earnings potential for the many poor who still work there. In particular, Ghana’s youth and women need help in connecting to these jobs, through relevant skills development and services that target gaps in information about job opportunities. Even with significant effort, most of Ghana’s population will continue to work in jobs characterized by low and fluctuating earnings for the foreseeable future, however, and they will need social safety nets that help them manage vulnerability to income shortfalls. More productive and inclusive jobs will help Ghana move to a second phase of structural transformation and develop into a modern middle-income economy.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0941-5
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/25208
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
INFORMALITY
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
INCLUSION
dc.subject
LABOR
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
WAGE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EARNINGS
dc.subject
SKILLS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE
dc.title
Expanding Job Opportunities in Ghana
en
dc.type
Book
en
okr.crossref.title
Expanding Job Opportunities in Ghana
okr.date.disclosure
2016-10-20
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0941-5
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
210941
okr.identifier.report
109384
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
sftp://107.21.26.223:22//sftp/production/okr_delivery/2317011/9781464809415.pdf
en
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Skills Development and Labor Force Training
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Microenterprises
okr.unit
GSP07

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)