Working Paper

Apparel in South Asia

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collection.link.213
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11866
collection.name.213
Other papers
dc.contributor.author
Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Robertson, Raymond
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dc.date.accessioned
2016-10-06T17:06:52Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2016-10-06T17:06:52Z
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dc.date.issued
2016-10-05
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dc.description.abstract
Apparel is the largest labor-intensive manufacturing industry in South Asia, and is a major employer of women. Although South Asia’s apparel sector benefits from many of the same favorable conditions as East Asia’s, performance in South Asian apparel remains well below that of East Asia. The objective of this study is to identify the policy changes necessary for South Asia to capitalize on this opportunity. The authors review the apparel sectors in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and compare them with Vietnam and China. The report uses quantitative data (analysis based on a gravity model, enterprise and buyer surveys) and qualitative information (interviews with leading firms) to identify changes in policies that would enable South Asia to meet the requirements of global buyers. Low productivity and poor trade logistics make it difficult for South Asia’s apparel sector to compete in global markets, despite a cost advantage due to lower wages than other major exporters. Leading firms exhibit that world class operational performance can be achieved in South Asia by investing in training and technology. These firms overcame constraints in the external environment by achieving economies of scale, and in the case of India and Pakistan, by integrating vertically to avoid barriers to sourcing high-quality inputs on the global market. All countries should promote Plug and Play industrial zones with ready to use industrial buildings and facilities to promote women labor force participation, as female workers would be the main beneficiaries of growth in apparel production.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/25117
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
en_US
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
export competitiveness
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dc.subject
apparel sector
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dc.subject
employment
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dc.subject
trade policy
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dc.subject
textile imports
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dc.subject
trade logistics
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dc.subject
SME
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dc.subject
microenterprises
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dc.subject
female labor force participation
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dc.subject
global value chains
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dc.subject
import tariffs
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dc.subject
environmental standards
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dc.subject
labor standards
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dc.subject
working conditions
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dc.subject
labor unrest
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dc.title
Apparel in South Asia
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dc.type
Working Paper
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okr.associatedcontent
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/25094 South Asia's Turn main volume
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okr.date.disclosure
2016-10-06
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/10/26845357/extended-version-industry-case-study-done-south-asia’s-turn-policies-boost-competitiveness-create-next-export-powerhouse
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0845fe609_1_0
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26845357
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okr.identifier.report
108829
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okr.imported
true
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okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/733041475749696084/pdf/108829-WP-P146865-Apparel-PUBLIC.pdf
en_US
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
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okr.region.country
Bangladesh
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okr.region.country
India
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okr.region.country
Pakistan
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okr.region.country
Sri Lanka
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okr.region.geographical
South Asia
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okr.sector
Industry and trade
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okr.theme
Financial and private sector development :: Regulation and competition policy
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okr.theme
Financial and private sector development :: Infrastructure services for private sector development
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okr.theme
Financial and private sector development :: Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise support
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okr.topic
Industry :: Cottage Industry
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okr.topic
Industry :: Industrial Economics
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okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Export Competitiveness
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okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
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okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Competitiveness and Competition Policy
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okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Small and Medium Size Enterprises
en_US
okr.unit
T&C GP-South Asia - IBRD (GTC06)
en_US

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