Building Engines for Growth and Competitiveness in China : Experience with Special Economic Zones and Industrial Clusters

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collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Zeng, Douglas Zhihua
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T09:35:03Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T09:35:03Z
dc.date.issued
2010
dc.date.lastModified
2019-09-27T15:42:08Z
dc.description.abstract
China's meteoric economic rise over the past three decades is an unprecedented "growth miracle" in human history. Since the Open Door policy and reforms that began in 1978, China's gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing at an average annual rate of more than 9 percent, with its global share increasing from 1 percent in 1980 to almost 6.5 percent in 2008 and its per capita GDP increasing from US$193 to US$3,263. Total exports have been growing at an average annual rate of 13 percent (21.5 percent from 1998 to 2007), with China's share of total exports increasing from 1.7 percent in 1980 to 9.5 percent in 2008. In 2007, China's incremental growth in real GDP actually exceeded its entire real GDP in 1979. In 2010, China is set to outpace Japan and become the world's second-largest economy. China has indisputably become an important growth engine of the global economy and a leader in international trade and investment. Rapid growth in the past decades has helped lift more than 400 million people out of poverty. These results are truly impressive. While China's rapid rise has become a hot topic for development debate among policy makers, business people, and scholars all over the world, the numerous special economic zones (SEZs) and industrial clusters that have sprung up since the reforms are undoubtedly two important engines for driving the country's growth.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000334955_20100907031620
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8432-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2501
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development ; countries and regions
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL
dc.subject
ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM
dc.subject
BANK LOANS
dc.subject
BENCHMARKS
dc.subject
BUSINESS ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
BUSINESS ACTIVITY
dc.subject
BUSINESS CENTER
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
BUSINESS NEEDS
dc.subject
BUSINESS PLANNING
dc.subject
BUSINESS SECTOR
dc.subject
BUSINESS SERVICES
dc.subject
BUSINESS VALUE
dc.subject
BUSINESSES
dc.subject
BUYERS
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY
dc.subject
COMMERCE
dc.subject
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
COMPUTERS
dc.subject
CONCESSIONARY TAX
dc.subject
COPYRIGHT
dc.subject
CORPORATE TAX RATE
dc.subject
CREDIT POLICIES
dc.subject
CURRENCY
dc.subject
CUSTOMS
dc.subject
CUSTOMS CLEARANCE
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT BANK
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
DIRECT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
DIVISION OF LABOR
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
E-MAIL
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC BENEFITS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURIAL CULTURE
dc.subject
ENTRY BARRIERS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
EQUIPMENT
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject
EXPORTERS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
EXTERNALITY
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject
FISHERIES
dc.subject
FIXED INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN BANKS
dc.subject
FOREIGN CAPITAL
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTORS
dc.subject
FOREIGN TRADE
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCE
dc.subject
GLOBAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
GLOBAL MARKET
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICY
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT REVENUE
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORTS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME TAX
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INFORMATION NETWORKS
dc.subject
INFORMATION SERVICES
dc.subject
INFORMATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
INNOVATION
dc.subject
INNOVATION PROGRAM
dc.subject
INNOVATIONS
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
INSTITUTION
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
dc.subject
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
INTERMEDIARY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
INTERMEDIATE GOODS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKET
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVENTION
dc.subject
JUDICIAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LABORERS
dc.subject
LEVEL PLAYING FIELD
dc.subject
LICENSE
dc.subject
LICENSES
dc.subject
LOCAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
LOCAL MARKET
dc.subject
LOCAL MARKETS
dc.subject
MANUFACTURING
dc.subject
MARKET ACCESS
dc.subject
MARKET COMPETITION
dc.subject
MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
MARKET ECONOMY
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURE
dc.subject
MARKET PRICES
dc.subject
MARKET SEGMENTS
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
MATERIAL
dc.subject
MEDIUM ENTERPRISE
dc.subject
MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
MERCHANTS
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
NATIONAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NETWORKS
dc.subject
NEW TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COST
dc.subject
PATENTS
dc.subject
PERFORMANCES
dc.subject
PERSONAL COMPUTER
dc.subject
PHOTO
dc.subject
PHYSICAL LOCATION
dc.subject
POLICY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
POLICY INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
dc.subject
PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PRODUCTION PROCESS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC GOODS
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject
QUERIES
dc.subject
R&D
dc.subject
REAL GDP
dc.subject
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
RESULT
dc.subject
RESULTS
dc.subject
SATELLITE
dc.subject
SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject
SOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subject
STOCK EXCHANGE
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TARGETS
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAX EXEMPTION
dc.subject
TAX POLICIES
dc.subject
TAX RATE
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TAX REDUCTION
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY CONSULTING
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY PARK
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
dc.subject
TELECOM
dc.subject
TELEPHONE
dc.subject
TELEPHONE LINES
dc.subject
TRADE CREDITS
dc.subject
TRADING
dc.subject
TRANSACTION
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRUST FUND
dc.subject
TURNOVER
dc.subject
URBAN EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
USERS
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
VALUE CHAIN
dc.subject
VALUE CHAINS
dc.subject
WAREHOUSE
dc.subject
WEALTH
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
WTO
dc.title
Building Engines for Growth and Competitiveness in China : Experience with Special Economic Zones and Industrial Clusters
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2010-09-07
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000334955_20100907031620
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8432-9
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000334955_20100907031620
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
12735386
okr.identifier.report
56447
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/09/07/000334955_20100907031620/Rendered/PDF/564470PUB0buil10Box349496B01PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.geographical
East Asia
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: E-Business
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Debt Markets
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Theory & Research
okr.topic
Environment :: Environmental Economics & Policies
okr.unit
Growth & Competitiveness (WBIGC)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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