Report

Forever Young? : Social Policies for a Changing Population in Southern Africa

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collection.link.44
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2152
collection.name.44
Social Analysis
dc.contributor.author
Bruni, Lucilla Maria
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dc.contributor.author
Rigolini, Jamele
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dc.contributor.author
Troiano, Sara
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dc.date.accessioned
2016-09-01T16:51:26Z
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dc.date.available
2016-09-01T16:51:26Z
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dc.date.issued
2016-06-26
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dc.description.abstract
Demography affects our daily lives. Consciously or not, we take into account the demographic context when making choices on employment, savings, health, and education. This report studies how demographic change is likely to affect demand for social services in Southern Africa and how today’s policies can be shaped to reap potential benefits from demographic dynamics and address the population’s evolving needs. The authors define the social sectors as education, health, and social assistance and social policies as policies related to these three sectors. The study illustrates how social policies designed to fit with evolving demographic structures are likely to lead to wealthier and more productive future generations, fostering growth and equity. But the reverse also holds: ill-tailored social policies can hold back countries’ development and heighten intergenerational tensions. The rest of this report is structured as follows. Chapter two presents evidence on demographic trends in Southern Africa. Chapter three explains the report’s conceptual framework and how demography can be an opportunity or a curse, depending on the policy environment. Chapter four studies the five countries’ labor markets and documents challenges that a growing active labor force is likely to generate. Chapter five looks at the likely impacts of changing demographics on social sectors. It shows how a dependency ratio that will remain relatively low for decades to come will provide the opportunity to redirect social spending towards emerging priorities, and identifies which of these priorities will be in education, health, and social assistance. Chapter six concludes the study by discussing immediate policy implications.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24996
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
demographics
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dc.subject
demographic dividend
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dc.subject
intergenerational poverty
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dc.subject
economic growth
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dc.subject
poverty reduction
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dc.subject
youth employment
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dc.subject
jobs
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dc.subject
social spending
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dc.subject
education
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dc.subject
early childhood development
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dc.subject
malnutrition
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dc.subject
HIV
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dc.subject
non-communicable diseases
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dc.subject
social assistance targeting
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dc.subject
adolescents
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dc.subject
fiscal policy
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dc.title
Forever Young?
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dc.title.subtitle
Social Policies for a Changing Population in Southern Africa
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dc.type
Report
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okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
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okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/06/26529334/forever-young-social-policies-changing-population-southern-africa
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08452f2be_2_0
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okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26529334
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okr.identifier.report
107022
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okr.imported
true
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okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/AFR/2016/08/31/090224b08452f2be/2_0/Rendered/PDF/Forever0young00n0in0Southern0Africa.pdf
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okr.region.administrative
Africa
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okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
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okr.sector
Education
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okr.sector
Finance
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okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
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okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
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okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
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okr.theme
Economic management :: Analysis of economic growth
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okr.unit
Social Protection & Labor AFR E (GSP01)
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