Report

Forever Young? : Social Policies for a Changing Population in Southern Africa

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collection.link.44
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2152
collection.name.44
Social Analysis
dc.contributor.author
Bruni, Lucilla Maria
dc.contributor.author
Rigolini, Jamele
dc.contributor.author
Troiano, Sara
dc.date.accessioned
2016-09-01T16:51:26Z
dc.date.available
2016-09-01T16:51:26Z
dc.date.issued
2016-06-26
dc.description.abstract
Demography affects our daily lives. Consciously or not, we take into account the demographic context when making choices on employment, savings, health, and education. This report studies how demographic change is likely to affect demand for social services in Southern Africa and how today’s policies can be shaped to reap potential benefits from demographic dynamics and address the population’s evolving needs. The authors define the social sectors as education, health, and social assistance and social policies as policies related to these three sectors. The study illustrates how social policies designed to fit with evolving demographic structures are likely to lead to wealthier and more productive future generations, fostering growth and equity. But the reverse also holds: ill-tailored social policies can hold back countries’ development and heighten intergenerational tensions. The rest of this report is structured as follows. Chapter two presents evidence on demographic trends in Southern Africa. Chapter three explains the report’s conceptual framework and how demography can be an opportunity or a curse, depending on the policy environment. Chapter four studies the five countries’ labor markets and documents challenges that a growing active labor force is likely to generate. Chapter five looks at the likely impacts of changing demographics on social sectors. It shows how a dependency ratio that will remain relatively low for decades to come will provide the opportunity to redirect social spending towards emerging priorities, and identifies which of these priorities will be in education, health, and social assistance. Chapter six concludes the study by discussing immediate policy implications.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24996
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
demographics
dc.subject
demographic dividend
dc.subject
intergenerational poverty
dc.subject
economic growth
dc.subject
poverty reduction
dc.subject
youth employment
dc.subject
jobs
dc.subject
social spending
dc.subject
education
dc.subject
early childhood development
dc.subject
malnutrition
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
non-communicable diseases
dc.subject
social assistance targeting
dc.subject
adolescents
dc.subject
fiscal policy
dc.title
Forever Young?
en
dc.title.subtitle
Social Policies for a Changing Population in Southern Africa
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/06/26529334/forever-young-social-policies-changing-population-southern-africa
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08452f2be_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26529334
okr.identifier.report
107022
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/AFR/2016/08/31/090224b08452f2be/2_0/Rendered/PDF/Forever0young00n0in0Southern0Africa.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.sector
Education
okr.sector
Finance
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Improving labor markets
okr.theme
Economic management :: Analysis of economic growth
okr.unit
Social Protection & Labor AFR E (GSP01)

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