Brief

Early Childhood Development : A Review of the Global Evidence

Show simple item record

collection.link.287
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/22799
collection.name.287
Country Policy Brief
dc.contributor.author
Nadeau, Sophie
dc.contributor.author
Hasan, Rifat
dc.date.accessioned
2016-06-21T19:15:14Z
dc.date.available
2016-06-21T19:15:14Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05
dc.date.lastModified
2021-05-25T09:52:19Z
dc.description.abstract
Early Childhood Development (ECD) is a holistic concept that refers to the physical, cognitive, socio-emotional, and linguistic development of young children until the time they transition to primary school. This policy brief highlights that developmental gaps in the early years of a child’s life do not narrow by themselves over time, are likely to be particularly severe for children born to teenage mothers, and lead to costly consequences for individuals, families, and societies. In turn, this policy brief also documents that strong evidence exist on the significant benefits that quality ECD interventions yield in both the short and longer terms. Different types of ECD interventions are most relevant and are complementary at different times of a child’s development. For example, interventions to promote infant and child health and to reduce malnutrition are most effective in the 1,000-day window from pregnancy to a child’s second birthday, and programs that enhance both early stimulation and nutrition are more likely to generate long-lasting impacts than nutrition alone. Strong evidence also exists on the positive impacts of high quality center-based programs for young children (i.e. daycares and preschools), including in low and middle-income countries, and these types of programs can also generate positive impacts for other family members, including caregivers and siblings. Finally, providing cash transfers to families can be an effective way to enhance the ECD outcomes of the poorest children, especially when combined with specific health, nutrition, and early stimulation interventions. In sum, this policy brief provides an overview of why early childhood is a critical period of human development and of the several types of ECD interventions that have been proven effective to improve children’s development and life-long prospects.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24575
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Brief: Malawi;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND
dc.subject
EARLY MARRIAGE
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
GIRLS EDUCATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL
dc.subject
SKILLS
dc.subject
TEENAGE PREGNANCY
dc.title
Early Childhood Development
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Review of the Global Evidence
en
dc.type
Brief
en
okr.crossref.title
Early Childhood Development
okr.date.disclosure
2016-06-21
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Brief
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/K8737
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/24575
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
K8737
okr.identifier.report
106487
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
sftp://107.21.26.223:22//sftp/production/okr_delivery/1873647/K8737.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Malawi
okr.topic
Education :: Early Childhood Development
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Education
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Early Child and Children's Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Nutrition
okr.topic
Social Development :: Children and Youth
okr.unit
Education Global Practice, GED01; Health, Nutrition, and Population Global Practice

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)