Working Paper

Weathering Storms : Understanding the Impact of Natural Disasters on the Poor in Central America

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Ishizawa, Oscar A.
dc.contributor.author
Miranda, Juan Jose
dc.date.accessioned
2016-06-14T20:20:11Z
dc.date.available
2016-06-14T20:20:11Z
dc.date.issued
2016-06
dc.description.abstract
In the past decades, natural disasters have caused substantial human and economic losses in Central America, with strong adverse impacts on gross domestic product per capita, income, and poverty reduction. This study provides a regional perspective on the impact of hurricane windstorms on socioeconomic measures in the short term. Apart from modeling the socioeconomic impact at the macro and micro levels, the study incorporates and juxtaposes data from a hurricane windstorm model categorizing three hurricane damage indexes, which lends a higher level of detail, nuance, and therefore accuracy and comprehensiveness to the study. One standard deviation in the intensity of a hurricane windstorm leads to a decrease in growth of total per capita gross domestic product of between 0.9 and 1.6 percent, and a decrease in total income and labor income by 3 percent, which in turn increases moderate and extreme poverty by 1.5 percentage points. These results demonstrate the causal relationship between hurricane windstorm impacts and poverty in Central America, producing regional evidence that could improve targeting of disaster risk management policies toward those most impacted and thus whose needs are greatest.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24528
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7692
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
IMPACTS OF HURRICANE
dc.subject
POVERTY POVERTY
dc.subject
RISKS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HURRICANE INTENSITY
dc.subject
IMPACT OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
STORM
dc.subject
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject
WIND SPEED
dc.subject
INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
STORMS
dc.subject
ANNUAL GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DEATH
dc.subject
DISASTER
dc.subject
HURRICANE DAMAGE
dc.subject
MODELS
dc.subject
DAMAGES
dc.subject
INDIRECT ECONOMIC EFFECTS
dc.subject
PRICE
dc.subject
CONFLICT
dc.subject
MEASURES
dc.subject
HURRICANES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
HURRICANE DAMAGE
dc.subject
WELFARE INDICATORS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATIONS
dc.subject
MAJOR HURRICANES
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RELIEF
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
IMPACTS OF HURRICANE
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTER
dc.subject
HURRICANE CENTER
dc.subject
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject
HURRICANE IMPACT
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
INDIRECT ECONOMIC EFFECTS
dc.subject
NATURAL HAZARD
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject
MAJOR HURRICANES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
DISASTERS
dc.subject
EXOGENOUS INPUT
dc.subject
CYCLONES
dc.subject
IMPORTS
dc.subject
WELFARE INDICATORS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
TROPICAL STORM
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DROUGHTS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
RISK ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACT
dc.subject
NATURAL HAZARDS
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
DISASTER REDUCTION
dc.subject
DISASTER RISK
dc.subject
POLICIES
dc.subject
INTENSITY OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
BANK
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
TROPICAL STORMS
dc.subject
NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject
PER‐CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject
DAMAGE
dc.subject
RELIEF EFFORTS
dc.subject
NATURAL CATASTROPHE
dc.subject
IMPACT OF DISASTERS
dc.subject
TROPICAL STORMS
dc.subject
RURAL
dc.subject
POVERTY POVERTY
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF HURRICANE
dc.subject
MARKET
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL CATASTROPHE
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject
POLICY
dc.subject
MONETARY TERMS
dc.subject
MONETARY TERMS
dc.subject
TARGETING
dc.subject
TROPICAL STORM
dc.subject
IMPACT OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
HURRICANE
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPACTS
dc.subject
RISK
dc.subject
CLIMATE RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WIND SPEEDS
dc.subject
WIND SPEEDS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
INTENSITY OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
DISASTER RISK
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
INTENSITY OF STORMS
dc.subject
EXOGENOUS INPUT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
IMPACTS OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
NATURAL HAZARDS
dc.subject
WIND SPEED
dc.subject
RELIEF EFFORTS
dc.subject
IMPACT OF HURRICANES
dc.subject
RISK ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
RECONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.title
Weathering Storms
en
dc.title.subtitle
Understanding the Impact of Natural Disasters on the Poor in Central America
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-06-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/06/26422934/weathering-storms-understanding-impact-natural-disasters-poor-central-america
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7692
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b084384cf0_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26422934
okr.identifier.report
WPS7692
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/06/01/090224b084384cf0/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Weathering0sto0r0in0Central0America.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.geographical
Central America
okr.topic
Environment :: Natural Disasters
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Conflict and Development :: Disaster Management
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
okr.unit
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice Group

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