Working Paper

Non-Tariff Measures and the World Trading System

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Ederington, Josh
dc.contributor.author
Ruta, Michele
dc.date.accessioned
2016-06-13T20:33:44Z
dc.date.available
2016-06-13T20:33:44Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:22Z
dc.description.abstract
With the success of the World Trade Organization and its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, in reducing conventional tariff barriers, much of the recent focus of regional and multilateral trade agreements has switched to non-tariff measures, both border and behind-the-border policies. This paper considers the recent empirical and theoretical literature on non-tariff measures in the world trading system. It provides a set of stylized facts based on available data on non-tariff measures and reviews the key methods used to estimate their trade impact. It considers the theoretical treatment of these measures in the trade literature with a focus on the rules and institutions that govern non-tariff measures in the world trading system. It discusses some of the major issues regarding international cooperation in these policy areas, in particular whether such cooperation should entail deep integration (involving precise legally binding obligations) or shallow integration (which allows countries greater discretion in the setting of non-tariff measures). Finally, this paper reviews some of the specific features the World Trade Organization uses in dealing with non-tariff measures such as national treatment rules and non-violation complaints, and considers policy options beyond the WTO such as harmonization and mutual recognition of standards.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/05/26345621/non-tariff-measures-world-trading-system
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24499
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7661
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
TARIFFS
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
URUGUAY ROUND
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject
IMPERFECT SUBSTITUTES
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
EXCISE TAXES
dc.subject
PRODUCTION
dc.subject
TRADE EFFECTS
dc.subject
ANTITRUST LAWS
dc.subject
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subject
VARIABLE COSTS
dc.subject
TARIFF EQUIVALENTS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
PERFECT COMPETITION
dc.subject
FOREIGN PRODUCERS
dc.subject
TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
ELASTICITY
dc.subject
TRADE FLOWS
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
WELFARE
dc.subject
INCENTIVES
dc.subject
EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
VARIABLES
dc.subject
ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION
dc.subject
NEGATIVE EXTERNALITY
dc.subject
SUBSIDY
dc.subject
SAFETY STANDARDS
dc.subject
INPUTS
dc.subject
TRADE CONCESSIONS
dc.subject
DUMPING
dc.subject
ITC
dc.subject
PAYMENTS
dc.subject
SAFETY REGULATIONS
dc.subject
MARKET ACCESS
dc.subject
PROTECTIONISM
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EXPORT BARRIERS
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
INFLUENCE
dc.subject
COLLUSION
dc.subject
COSTS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
IMPORT QUOTAS
dc.subject
DOMESTIC PRODUCERS
dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
MONOPOLY
dc.subject
RECIPROCAL REDUCTION
dc.subject
IMPERFECT COMPETITION
dc.subject
QUOTAS
dc.subject
CRITERIA
dc.subject
CENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
MARKETS
dc.subject
NET EXPORTS
dc.subject
WTO
dc.subject
CARTEL
dc.subject
ACCESS
dc.subject
ECONOMICS LITERATURE
dc.subject
TRADE POLICY
dc.subject
CONSUMER CHOICE
dc.subject
UTILITY
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
TRADE POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
dc.subject
TAXES
dc.subject
IMPORT TARIFFS
dc.subject
EXTERNALITY
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
MULTIPLIER EFFECT
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject
COMPETITION POLICY
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
VALUE
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
dc.subject
CONCESSIONS
dc.subject
PATENTS
dc.subject
UTILITY FUNCTION
dc.subject
INEFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ECONOMY
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
TARIFF BARRIERS
dc.subject
MEASUREMENT
dc.subject
BENCHMARK
dc.subject
ECONOMIC THEORY
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
SHALLOW INTEGRATION
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
WORLD TRADING SYSTEM
dc.subject
CLOSED ECONOMY
dc.subject
MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF STANDARDS
dc.subject
BUSINESS CYCLES
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TRADE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subject
FOREIGN COMPETITION
dc.subject
MUTUAL RECOGNITION
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GOODS
dc.subject
THEORY
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES
dc.subject
BILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT
dc.subject
NETWORK EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL TRADE
dc.subject
TARIFF
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
DECENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
NASH EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE
dc.subject
PRICE CONTROLS
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION LEVELS
dc.subject
OUTCOMES
dc.subject
POSITIVE EFFECTS
dc.subject
PRICES
dc.subject
CONSUMER PROTECTION
dc.subject
BENEFITS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
COMPETITION
dc.subject
FUTURE RESEARCH
dc.title
Non-Tariff Measures and the World Trading System
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Non-Tariff Measures and the World Trading System
okr.date.disclosure
2016-05-04
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/05/26345621/non-tariff-measures-world-trading-system
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7661
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0842f8cdb_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26345621
okr.identifier.report
WPS7661
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/05/04/090224b0842f8cdb/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Non0tariff0mea0world0trading0system.pdf
en
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Regional Integration
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: International Trade and Trade Rules
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Rules of Origin
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Standards
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: World Trade Organization
okr.unit
Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group (GTCDR)

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