Working Paper

Demography, Aging, and Mobility in the ECA Region : A Critical Overview of Trends and Future Challenges

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collection.link.213
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11866
collection.name.213
Other papers
dc.contributor.author
Heleniak, Timothy
dc.contributor.author
Canagarajah, Sudharshan
dc.date.accessioned
2016-06-09T20:59:01Z
dc.date.available
2016-06-09T20:59:01Z
dc.date.issued
2013-11-07
dc.description.abstract
The countries of the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region are confronting a number of demographic challenges over the coming decades. These include shrinking populations and labor forces because of below replacement-level fertility and older age structures, high mortality in a large portion of the region, aging populations and high dependency ratios, shrinking youth populations and less new entrants to the labor force, and relatively immobile populations. The report is structured as follows. After this introduction, the second section reviews population trends in the ECA region over the past two decades. Following that is a review of the literature on the issue of aging globally and specifically in the ECA region. This includes the implications of population aging on economic growth and, employment, and public expenditures. The next section looks at projections of demographic trends in the ECA region for the period 2010 to 2040, including aging trends. Following this is an examination of the role that migration and mobility play in the aging process among the ECA countries in the future. The final section concludes by discussing policy options and areas for further research and analysis
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24489
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
FUTURE POPULATION
dc.subject
HUMAN SETTLEMENT
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
FERTILITY TRANSITION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION DECLINE
dc.subject
LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
MIGRATION POLICY
dc.subject
PREMATURE DEATH
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
REPLACEMENT LEVEL
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH
dc.subject
CONSEQUENCES OF FERTILITY
dc.subject
FUTURE GENERATIONS
dc.subject
FERTILITY TRENDS
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
OLD-AGE
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHERS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
POPULATION CENSUS
dc.subject
TRAINING
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
BABY
dc.subject
FERTILITY DECLINES
dc.subject
BIRTH RATES
dc.subject
NUMBER OF MIGRANTS
dc.subject
POOR HEALTH
dc.subject
DISASTERS
dc.subject
TEENS
dc.subject
STUDY OF POPULATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CHANGE
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIOS
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
ELDERLY PERSONS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject
SOCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
FERTILITY LEVELS
dc.subject
LARGE POPULATION
dc.subject
UNIONS
dc.subject
POPULATION TRENDS
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
MALE MORTALITY
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.subject
POLICIES
dc.subject
LATER MARRIAGE
dc.subject
SOCIETAL LEVEL
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
SKILL LEVEL
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
dc.subject
LOW” FERTILITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SUPPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
GLOBAL POPULATION
dc.subject
POPULATION RESEARCH
dc.subject
POPULATIONS
dc.subject
POPULATION DECLINES
dc.subject
CHILDBEARING
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE AGE
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
CHILDREN PER WOMAN
dc.subject
NUMBER OF WOMEN
dc.subject
CONSEQUENCES OF POPULATION
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
ILL HEALTH
dc.subject
YOUNG POPULATIONS
dc.subject
HOST COUNTRY
dc.subject
POPULATION MOMENTUM
dc.subject
NUMBER OF BIRTHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION FOR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
POPULATION
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
MIGRANT POPULATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
LOW FERTILITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL CHANGE
dc.subject
POPULATION DATA
dc.subject
FERTILITY DECLINE
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
FERTILITY REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS
dc.subject
POPULATION INCREASES
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
IDEAL FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
POPULATION INCREASE
dc.subject
IMMIGRANT
dc.subject
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTION
dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
GLOBAL POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION DATA
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
POPULATION POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
NATIONAL POLICIES
dc.subject
CHILD REARING
dc.subject
NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
CHILDHOOD DISEASES
dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF FERTILITY
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
POPULATION SIZE
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
FEMALE MORTALITY
dc.subject
ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject
ARMED CONFLICT
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
PREGNANCIES
dc.subject
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dc.subject
FEAR OF POPULATION DECLINE
dc.subject
POPULATION CHANGE
dc.subject
RATES OF POPULATION
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
FAMILY REUNIFICATION
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF POPULATION
dc.subject
AGE POPULATIONS
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
AGE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject
UNDOCUMENTED MIGRATION
dc.subject
CHILDBEARING AGES
dc.subject
POPULATION DECREASES
dc.subject
RATES OF GROWTH
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS
dc.subject
ELDERLY POPULATION
dc.subject
MARRIAGE
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
FOOD SUPPLIES
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIO
dc.subject
OLD- AGE
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEMOGRAPHY
dc.subject
CURRENT POPULATION
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATIONS
dc.subject
MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
DIET
dc.subject
CHILD-BEARING
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
EXCESS MORTALITY
dc.subject
OLDER PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG AGE
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
MORTALITY LEVELS
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULT
dc.subject
DEPENDANTS
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
RAPID POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
LONG-TERM CARE
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
IMPACT OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
ROLE OF WOMEN
dc.subject
EARLY CHILD-BEARING
dc.subject
DECLINES IN MORTALITY
dc.subject
AGEING POPULATIONS
dc.subject
ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject
POLICY
dc.subject
NUMBER OF WORKERS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
PERMANENT RESIDENCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
dc.subject
DECLINES IN FERTILITY
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
MORTALITY DECLINES
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
POPULATION PROJECTIONS
dc.subject
OLDER PERSONS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF DEATHS
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL UPHEAVAL
dc.subject
DEATH RATES
dc.subject
LEGAL IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
WOMEN
dc.subject
POLICY ANALYSIS
dc.subject
EARLY MARRIAGE
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY
dc.subject
ABORTION
dc.subject
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DECLINE IN FERTILITY
dc.subject
EARLY CHILD CARE
dc.subject
LEVEL OF FERTILITY
dc.subject
POPULATION DYNAMICS
dc.title
Demography, Aging, and Mobility in the ECA Region
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Critical Overview of Trends and Future Challenges
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-04-15
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/04/26229018/demography-aging-mobility-eca-region-critical-overview-trends-future-challenges-vol-2
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08429d1c5_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26229018
okr.identifier.report
103802
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/04/15/090224b08429d1c5/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Demography00ag0nd0future0challenges.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.geographical
Central Asia
okr.region.geographical
Eastern Europe
okr.region.geographical
Europe and Central Asia
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Demographics
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements :: Human Migrations & Resettlements
okr.unit
Social Protection & Labor ECA (GSP03)

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