Book

Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports : A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs

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collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Herrera Dappe, Matías
dc.contributor.author
Suárez-Alemán, Ancor
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-24T15:50:05Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-24T15:50:05Z
dc.date.issued
2016-10-31
dc.description.abstract
South Asia’s trade almost doubled in the past decade, but the share of trade in GDP is still smaller (47 percent) than in East Asia (55 percent), and South Asia’s economic competitiveness continues to lag that of other regions. Part of the problem is the region’s container ports. As a result of inefficiencies, the average cost of exporting or importing a container in the region is more than twice what it is in East Asia. Better port logistics could help increase trade, diversify exports, attract more foreign direct investment, and spur economic growth. As container traffic continues to grow and physical expansion is constrained by the limited supply of available land at most ports, the best way to improve port performance is by increasing productivity. To identify strategies for doing so, this report examines the performance of the 14 largest container ports in the region based on two sets of criteria: operational performance and economic performance. To measure operational performance, the report benchmarks total time at port, waiting time at port, and idle time as a share of total time at berth. To measure economic performance, it benchmarks productivity and efficiency using two useful techniques: Malmquist total factor productivity decomposition and data envelopment analysis. The report identifies key drivers of port performance and examines how differences in performance across ports are related to those drivers. This analysis is based on an original dataset on private sector participation, governance, and competition in South Asia’s container port sector. To highlight the potential gains from improving performance of container ports, the report uses econometric techniques to isolate the impact of efficiency improvements on maritime transport costs and trade. The results suggest that the best strategy for improving port performance in the region is a three-pronged approach that (a) encourages private sector participation through a well-developed enabling environment, including further adoption of the “landlord” port model; (b) strengthens the governance of port authorities’ boards; and (c) promotes competition between and within ports, in part through transparent and competitive concession bidding.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0892-0
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24333
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Infrastructure;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
PORTS
dc.subject
CONTAINER PORTS
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
BENCHMARKING
dc.subject
COMPETITION
dc.subject
MARITIME COSTS
dc.subject
LANDLORD PORT
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
DATA ENVELOP ANALYSIS
dc.title
Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Comprehensive Assessment of Performance, Drivers, and Costs
en
dc.type
Book
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-10-31
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0892-0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
210892
okr.identifier.report
106772
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport and Trade Logistics
okr.topic
Transport :: Ports and Waterways
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics Policy & Planning
okr.unit
GTI06

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