Working Paper

Opportunity versus Necessity : Understanding the Heterogeneity of Female Micro-Entrepreneurs

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Calderon, Gabriela
dc.contributor.author
Iacovone, Leonardo
dc.contributor.author
Juarez, Laura
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-04T17:51:16Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-04T17:51:16Z
dc.date.issued
2016-04
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:20Z
dc.description.abstract
Entrepreneurs that voluntarily choose to start a business because they are able to identify a good business opportunity and act on it -- opportunity entrepreneurs -- might be different along various dimensions from those who are forced to become entrepreneurs because of lack of other alternatives -- necessity entrepreneurs. To provide evidence on these differences, this paper exploits a unique data set covering a wide array of characteristics, including cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills and managerial practices, for a large sample of female entrepreneurs in Mexico. Descriptive results show that on average opportunity entrepreneurs have better performance and higher skills than necessity entrepreneurs. A discriminant analysis reveals that discrimination is difficult to achieve based on these observables, which suggests the existence of unobservables driving both the decision to become an opportunity entrepreneur and performance. Thus, an instrumental variables estimation is conducted, using state economic growth in the year the business was set up as an instrument for opportunity, to confirm that opportunity entrepreneurs have higher performance and better management practices.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/04/26218482/opportunity-versus-necessity-understanding-heterogeneity-female-micro-entrepreneurs
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24210
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7636
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
OPEN ACCESS
dc.subject
RESULT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
FIRMS
dc.subject
GLOBAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
BUSINESSES
dc.subject
BUSINESS
dc.subject
EXPENSES
dc.subject
RESULTS
dc.subject
SEARCH
dc.subject
PARTNERS
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EMAIL ADDRESS
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
NETWORKS
dc.subject
INFORMATION
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURS
dc.subject
SELLING
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
FIRM
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MEASURES
dc.subject
ENTERPRISE
dc.subject
IMPACTS
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEUR
dc.subject
BUSINESS GROWTH
dc.subject
ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
BUSINESS PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
MARKET
dc.subject
PLANNING
dc.subject
GROWTH POTENTIAL
dc.subject
QUALITY
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
GRANTS
dc.subject
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
BUSINESS TRAINING
dc.subject
MICROENTERPRISES
dc.title
Opportunity versus Necessity
en
dc.title.subtitle
Understanding the Heterogeneity of Female Micro-Entrepreneurs
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.associatedcontent
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32234 Published journal article
okr.crossref.title
Opportunity versus Necessity: Understanding the Heterogeneity of Female Micro-Entrepreneurs
okr.date.disclosure
2016-04-13
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/04/26218482/opportunity-versus-necessity-understanding-heterogeneity-female-micro-entrepreneurs
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7636
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0842930bc_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26218482
okr.identifier.report
WPS7636
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/04/13/090224b0842930bc/2_0/Rendered/PDF/Opportunity0ve00micro0entrepreneurs.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Mexico
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Business Environment
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: E-Business
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Competitiveness and Competition Policy
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Business in Development
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Microfinance
okr.unit
Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group

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