Working Paper

Mangroves as Protection from Storm Surges in a Changing Climate

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Blankespoor, Brian
dc.contributor.author
Dasgupta, Susmita
dc.contributor.author
Lange, Glenn-Marie
dc.date.accessioned
2016-04-26T15:53:42Z
dc.date.available
2016-04-26T15:53:42Z
dc.date.issued
2016-03
dc.description.abstract
Adaptation to climate change includes addressing sea level rise and increased storm surges in many coastal areas. Mangroves can substantially reduce the vulnerability of the adjacent coastal land from inundation and erosion. However, climate change poses a large threat to mangroves. This paper quantifies the coastal protection provided by mangroves for 42 developing countries in the current climate, and a future climate change scenario with a one-meter sea level rise and 10 percent intensification of storms. The benefits of the coastal protection provided by mangroves are measured in terms of population and gross domestic product at a reduced risk from inundation; the loss of benefits under climate change is measured as the increased population and gross domestic product at risk. The findings demonstrate that although sea level rise and increased storm intensity would increase storm surge areas and the amounts of built resources at risk, the greatest impact is the expected loss of mangroves. Under current climate and mangrove coverage, 3.5 million people and roughly $400 million in gross domestic product of are at risk. In the future climate change scenario, the vulnerable population and gross domestic product at risk would increase by 103 and 233 percent, respectively. The greatest risk is in East Asia, especially in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Myanmar.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24142
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7596
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
FLOODING
dc.subject
FISH
dc.subject
WETLAND RESTORATION
dc.subject
LAND USES
dc.subject
ANNUAL LOSS RATE
dc.subject
LAND USES
dc.subject
COASTAL HABITATS
dc.subject
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
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TOPOGRAPHY
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WETLAND LOSSES
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ENVIRONMENTAL FEATURES
dc.subject
STORMS
dc.subject
COASTAL PROCESSES
dc.subject
STUDY AREA
dc.subject
HABITATS
dc.subject
MONITORING
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SURFACE WATER
dc.subject
SHORELINES
dc.subject
FLOOD PROTECTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL FIELDS
dc.subject
SEA LEVEL RISE
dc.subject
COASTAL ZONE
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL FIELDS
dc.subject
MANGROVES
dc.subject
COASTAL ZONE
dc.subject
QUALITY
dc.subject
COASTAL MANGROVE
dc.subject
FOREST FLOOR
dc.subject
LAND COVER
dc.subject
WINDS
dc.subject
SHORE
dc.subject
STREAM
dc.subject
SATELLITE DATA
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
COASTAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
SEDIMENT
dc.subject
WILDLIFE
dc.subject
COASTAL ZONES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
dc.subject
LAND SUBSIDENCE
dc.subject
STUDY AREA
dc.subject
SEDIMENTS
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
SEA LEVEL RISE
dc.subject
CONTAMINANTS
dc.subject
STORM SURGES
dc.subject
CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
WATER
dc.subject
COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
COASTAL EROSION
dc.subject
HABITAT CONSERVATION
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
DRAINAGE BASIN
dc.subject
SPECIES
dc.subject
REEF
dc.subject
WAVES
dc.subject
SEA LEVEL RISE
dc.subject
DRAINAGE
dc.subject
ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS
dc.subject
INDICATORS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
PEAT
dc.subject
ANNUAL LOSS RATE
dc.subject
COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
TIDAL WATERS
dc.subject
LAND AREA
dc.subject
PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
CLASSIFICATION
dc.subject
COASTAL AREAS
dc.subject
COASTAL MANGROVE
dc.subject
SUBTIDAL ZONES
dc.subject
STORM SURGE
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
TIDAL WATERS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
dc.subject
COASTAL EROSION
dc.subject
LAND COVER
dc.subject
REMOTE SENSING
dc.subject
RANGES
dc.subject
WATERSHEDS
dc.subject
FRESH WATER
dc.subject
LEAD
dc.subject
MARSH
dc.subject
VEGETATION
dc.subject
STUDIES
dc.subject
PLANTATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
SHRUBS
dc.subject
FRESHWATER
dc.subject
WETLAND VEGETATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
LAND AREA
dc.subject
MARSHES
dc.subject
SEA‐LEVEL RISE
dc.subject
COASTAL AREAS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
SUBTIDAL ZONES
dc.subject
PONDS
dc.subject
CORAL REEF
dc.subject
DIKES
dc.subject
ESTUARINE
dc.subject
SALT MARSHES
dc.subject
COASTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
FOOD
dc.subject
ANNUAL LOSS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
dc.subject
IMAGES
dc.subject
ISLANDS
dc.subject
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
dc.subject
FISHERIES
dc.subject
DATA SETS
dc.subject
CORAL
dc.subject
TIDAL STAGE
dc.subject
COASTAL ZONES
dc.subject
BOTANY
dc.subject
EROSION
dc.subject
COASTS
dc.subject
OCEANS
dc.subject
LAND
dc.subject
LAND SUBSIDENCE
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
SALINITY
dc.subject
ANALYSIS
dc.subject
MANGROVE
dc.subject
COAST
dc.subject
OBSERVATIONS
dc.subject
ISLAND
dc.subject
GROUNDWATER
dc.subject
ESTUARIES
dc.subject
MITIGATION
dc.subject
TIDAL STAGE
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
WETLAND
dc.subject
SHALLOW‐WATER
dc.subject
ECOLOGY
dc.subject
SALT MARSH
dc.subject
COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CONDITIONS
dc.subject
WETLANDS ECOLOGY
dc.subject
ANNUAL LOSS
dc.subject
RESTORATION
dc.subject
FOREST FLOOR
dc.subject
SEA
dc.subject
SURFACE WATER
dc.subject
WETLAND RESTORATION
dc.subject
COASTAL PROCESSES
dc.subject
WETLANDS
dc.subject
SEA LEVEL
dc.subject
SATELLITE DATA
dc.subject
FRESH‐WATER
dc.subject
RIVER
dc.subject
REMOTE SENSING
dc.title
Mangroves as Protection from Storm Surges in a Changing Climate
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-03-14
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/03/26067772/mangroves-protection-storm-surges-changing-climate
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7596
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0841fbeb2_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26067772
okr.identifier.report
WPS7596
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/03/14/090224b0841fbeb2/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Mangroves0as0p0n0a0changing0climate.pdf
en
okr.topic
Environment :: Coastal and Marine Environment
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Wetlands
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Environment :: Natural Disasters
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Reduction Strategies
okr.unit
Surveys and Methods Team, Development Data Group; and the Environment and Energy Team, Development Research Group

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