Report

The Grain Chain : Food Security and Managing Wheat Imports in Arab Countries

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collection.link.131
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5996
collection.link.91
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2199
collection.name.131
Arabic PDFs Available
collection.name.91
Other Agriculture Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.contributor.author
FAO
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-29T19:10:52Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-29T19:10:52Z
dc.date.issued
2012
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:18Z
dc.description.abstract
Arab countries face a number of food security risks due to their high dependence on wheat imports. This study explores ways in which countries can mitigate these risks. The authors evaluate the wheat import supply chain (WISC) from the unloading port to bulk storage at the flour mill, before the wheat is milled into flour. Existing literature treats isolated topics related to the supply chain, such as strategic storage and the use of financial instruments. This study is unique in that it takes a holistic view of the supply chain by examining how strategic storage, logistics improvements, and procurement strategies can all be used to improve food security. This study considers three critical aspects to the WISC and proposes several strategies Arab countries may consider to mitigate import risks: strategic storage (chapter two): maintain strategic wheat reserves to weather times of crisis and food supply disruptions and to contribute to domestic and international price stabilization effects. Logistics (chapter three): promote investments throughout the supply chain that create smooth logistics, improve security, provide a reliable supply of wheat, reduce the base cost of importing wheat, and reduce product losses. Procurement (chapter four): develop a procurement strategy that leverages strategic partnerships while maintaining a diversified portfolio of suppliers and mitigates import risks through the use of hedging strategies. Currently, overall storage capacity in the region averages the equivalent of six months of consumption, and estimated ending stocks average four and one-half months. However, many Arab countries are planning to increase their strategic wheat reserves as a policy to improve food security. This can provide them with critical lead time to secure alternative wheat supplies or supply routes during times of crisis. Reserves also offer psychological benefits that may prevent hoarding and pilferage.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/01/16228699/grain-chain-food-security-managing-wheat-imports-arab-countries
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23964
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESSIBILITY
dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
AVERAGE PRICE
dc.subject
AVERAGE PRICES
dc.subject
AVERAGE TRANSIT TIME
dc.subject
BENEFITS
dc.subject
BLACK MARKET
dc.subject
BOTTLENECKS
dc.subject
BREAD
dc.subject
BRIDGE
dc.subject
CANADA
dc.subject
CAPITAL COSTS
dc.subject
CEREAL IMPORTS
dc.subject
CEREAL PRICES
dc.subject
CEREAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CEREALS
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COMMODITY MARKETS
dc.subject
COMMODITY PRICES
dc.subject
CONSUMER PRICE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
dc.subject
COST OF FUEL
dc.subject
COST OF TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
COSTS
dc.subject
DELIVERY OF GOODS
dc.subject
DEMAND
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR FOOD
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION
dc.subject
DONOR COMMUNITY
dc.subject
DRAWN DOWN
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
DRIVING
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY GAINS
dc.subject
EXTREME TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
EXTREME WEATHER
dc.subject
EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
dc.subject
FINANCE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject
FLOUR
dc.subject
FLOUR MILLS
dc.subject
FOOD
dc.subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FOOD IMPORTS
dc.subject
FOOD PRICE INFLATION
dc.subject
FOOD PRICES
dc.subject
FOOD PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOOD SAFETY
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
FOOD SHORTAGES
dc.subject
FOOD STOCKS
dc.subject
FOOD SUPPLIES
dc.subject
FOOD SUPPLY
dc.subject
FREIGHT
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL PRICES
dc.subject
FUEL SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
GRAIN RESERVES
dc.subject
GRAINS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS
dc.subject
IFPRI
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
INLAND TRANSPORT
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INSURANCE POLICY
dc.subject
INTEREST RATE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKET
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INVENTORIES
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
LOGISTICS
dc.subject
MARGINAL COST
dc.subject
MARKET
dc.subject
MARKET DISTORTIONS
dc.subject
MARKET RISKS
dc.subject
MARKET VOLATILITY
dc.subject
MARKETS
dc.subject
MILLS
dc.subject
MODELS
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRICES
dc.subject
POLICIES
dc.subject
POLICY
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
PORTFOLIO
dc.subject
PRICE
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASE
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASES
dc.subject
PRICE INDEX
dc.subject
PRICE INFLATION
dc.subject
PRICE RISK
dc.subject
PRICE STABILIZATION
dc.subject
PRICE VOLATILITY
dc.subject
PRODUCT
dc.subject
PROFIT MARGINS
dc.subject
PURCHASING
dc.subject
QUALITY OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RAIL
dc.subject
RETAIL
dc.subject
RETAIL PRICE
dc.subject
RETAIL PRICES
dc.subject
REVENUES
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SEVERE WEATHER
dc.subject
SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS
dc.subject
SIGNALS
dc.subject
STOCK
dc.subject
STOCKS
dc.subject
STORAGE
dc.subject
STORAGE CAPACITY
dc.subject
STRATEGIC RESERVE
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
SUBSIDY
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
SUPPLY
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject
SURPLUSES
dc.subject
TOTAL COST
dc.subject
TRAINING
dc.subject
TRANSIT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT NETWORK
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION ACCOUNTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TRUCKS
dc.subject
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
WFP
dc.subject
WHEAT
dc.subject
WHEAT FLOUR
dc.subject
WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME
dc.subject
WORLD MARKET
dc.subject
WORLD MARKETS
dc.title
The Grain Chain
en
dc.title.alternative
La filière des céréales : sécurité alimentaire et gestion des importations de blé dans les pays Arabes
en
dc.title.subtitle
Food Security and Managing Wheat Imports in Arab Countries
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-04-16
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agriculture Study
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/01/16228699/grain-chain-food-security-managing-wheat-imports-arab-countries
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20120417011859
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16228699
okr.identifier.report
68075
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/07/17/090224b0828b3f17/1_0/Rendered/PDF/The0grain0chai0ts0in0Arab0countries.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry
okr.sector
Industry and trade
okr.theme
Human development :: Nutrition and food security
okr.topic
Industry :: Food & Beverage Industry
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics & Policy Planning
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Access to Markets
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Food Security
okr.unit
Agriculture - GP (GFADR)

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