Working Paper

The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance : Evidence from Teacher Absence in India

Show simple item record

collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Muralidharan, Karthik
dc.contributor.author
Das, Jishnu
dc.contributor.author
Holla, Alaka
dc.contributor.author
Mohpal, Aakash
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-09T22:35:04Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-09T22:35:04Z
dc.date.issued
2016-02
dc.description.abstract
The relative return to input-augmentation versus inefficiency-reduction strategies for improving education system performance is a key open question for education policy in low-income countries. Using a new nationally-representative panel dataset of schools across 1297 villages in India, this paper shows that the large investments over the past decade have led to substantial improvements in input-based measures of school quality, but only a modest reduction in inefficiency as measured by teacher absence. In the data, 23.6 percent of teachers were absent during unannounced visits with an associated fiscal cost of $1.5 billion/year. There are two robust correlations in the nationally-representative panel data that corroborate findings from smaller-scale experiments. First, reductions in student-teacher ratios are correlated with increased teacher absence. Second, increases in the frequency of school monitoring are strongly correlated with lower teacher absence. Simulations using these results suggest that investing in better governance by increasing the frequency of monitoring could be over ten times more cost effective at increasing teacher-student contact time (net of teacher absence) than hiring more teachers. Thus, at current margins, policies that decrease the inefficiency of public spending in India are likely to yield substantially higher returns than those that augment inputs.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23918
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7579
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
COLLEGE
dc.subject
ITS
dc.subject
SCHOOL TEACHERS
dc.subject
NATIONAL SCHOOL
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
NUMBER OF SCHOOLS
dc.subject
STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
SCHOOL DATA
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLMENT
dc.subject
COLLEGE DEGREES
dc.subject
TUITION
dc.subject
DISTRICT EDUCATION
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL DAY
dc.subject
EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subject
STRATEGIES
dc.subject
HEAD TEACHER
dc.subject
EDUCATION OUTCOMES
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
COLLEGE DEGREE
dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.subject
TEACHER PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL CENSUS
dc.subject
LEARNING GOALS
dc.subject
ACADEMIC YEARS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
OPEN ACCESS
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
TRAINING
dc.subject
TEACHER TRAINING
dc.subject
EDUCATION INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SPECIAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
SCHOOL HOURS
dc.subject
SCHOOL DAYS
dc.subject
PARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
dc.subject
STUDENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EDUCATION BUDGET
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
RESEARCH
dc.subject
SCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subject
TEACHER SALARIES
dc.subject
TEACHER RECOGNITION
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT FIGURES
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subject
TEACHING
dc.subject
SCHOOL LEVEL
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE
dc.subject
RADIO
dc.subject
LIBRARIES
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
READING
dc.subject
SCHOOL YEAR
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL FACILITIES
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
VALUES
dc.subject
PRIMARY DATA
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
STUDENT
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
HEAD TEACHERS
dc.subject
LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
PUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS
dc.subject
URBAN SCHOOLS
dc.subject
STUDENT PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
TEACHING DUTIES
dc.subject
TEACHER RATIOS
dc.subject
TEACHER HIRING
dc.subject
LITERATURE
dc.subject
EDUCATION OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
CLASS SIZE
dc.subject
REPORT CARDS
dc.subject
RIGHT TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
SENIOR TEACHER
dc.subject
INFORMAL SCHOOLS
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
SCHOOL FEEDING
dc.subject
RURAL PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject
TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
ETHICS
dc.subject
REMOTE VILLAGES
dc.subject
EDUCATION
dc.subject
VILLAGE LEVEL
dc.subject
STUDENT TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
SCHOOL HOLIDAYS
dc.subject
CLASS SIZES
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL SUPERVISION
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
SCHOOL CENSUSES
dc.subject
PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOL
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject
UNIVERSITY
dc.subject
STUDENTS
dc.subject
SCHOOL GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
DEGREES
dc.subject
TEACHER ABSENTEEISM
dc.subject
SCHOOL INSPECTIONS
dc.subject
CLASSROOM
dc.subject
TEACHING ACTIVITY
dc.subject
CIVIL SERVICE
dc.subject
SCHOOL
dc.subject
SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
NUMBER OF TEACHERS
dc.subject
STUDENT LEARNING
dc.subject
SCHOOL SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.title
The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance
en
dc.title.subtitle
Evidence from Teacher Absence in India
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-02-25
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/02/25976238/fiscal-cost-weak-governance-evidence-teacher-absence-india
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7579
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0841b1331_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
25976238
okr.identifier.report
WPS7579
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/02/25/090224b0841b1331/1_0/Rendered/PDF/The0fiscal0cos0her0absence0in0India.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.topic
Education :: Effective Schools and Teachers
okr.topic
Governance :: National Governance
okr.topic
Governance :: Local Government
okr.topic
Education :: Education Reform and Management
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Corruption/Anticorruption Measures
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Management and Reform
okr.unit
Human Development and Public Services Team, Development Research Group

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)