Working Paper

The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance : Evidence from Teacher Absence in India

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Muralidharan, Karthik
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Das, Jishnu
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Holla, Alaka
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dc.contributor.author
Mohpal, Aakash
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dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-09T22:35:04Z
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dc.date.available
2016-03-09T22:35:04Z
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dc.date.issued
2016-02
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dc.description.abstract
The relative return to input-augmentation versus inefficiency-reduction strategies for improving education system performance is a key open question for education policy in low-income countries. Using a new nationally-representative panel dataset of schools across 1297 villages in India, this paper shows that the large investments over the past decade have led to substantial improvements in input-based measures of school quality, but only a modest reduction in inefficiency as measured by teacher absence. In the data, 23.6 percent of teachers were absent during unannounced visits with an associated fiscal cost of $1.5 billion/year. There are two robust correlations in the nationally-representative panel data that corroborate findings from smaller-scale experiments. First, reductions in student-teacher ratios are correlated with increased teacher absence. Second, increases in the frequency of school monitoring are strongly correlated with lower teacher absence. Simulations using these results suggest that investing in better governance by increasing the frequency of monitoring could be over ten times more cost effective at increasing teacher-student contact time (net of teacher absence) than hiring more teachers. Thus, at current margins, policies that decrease the inefficiency of public spending in India are likely to yield substantially higher returns than those that augment inputs.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23918
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7579
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS
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dc.subject
COLLEGE
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dc.subject
ITS
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SCHOOL TEACHERS
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NATIONAL SCHOOL
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TEACHERS
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ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
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STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
NUMBER OF SCHOOLS
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STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO
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dc.subject
SCHOOL DATA
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SCHOOL ENROLMENT
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COLLEGE DEGREES
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dc.subject
TUITION
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DISTRICT EDUCATION
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ENROLLMENT
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SCHOOL DAY
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EDUCATION POLICY
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dc.subject
STRATEGIES
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HEAD TEACHER
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EDUCATION OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
PAPERS
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dc.subject
COLLEGE DEGREE
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dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
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dc.subject
RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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dc.subject
TEACHER PERFORMANCE
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dc.subject
SCHOOL CENSUS
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dc.subject
LEARNING GOALS
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ACADEMIC YEARS
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RURAL POPULATION
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COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
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OPEN ACCESS
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QUALITY OF EDUCATION
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dc.subject
TRAINING
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TEACHER TRAINING
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EDUCATION INVESTMENTS
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PRIVATE SCHOOLS
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SPECIAL EDUCATION
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dc.subject
SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION
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SCHOOL HOURS
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SCHOOL DAYS
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PARENTAL EDUCATION
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EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
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STUDENT OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
EDUCATION BUDGET
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dc.subject
LEARNING
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dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
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RESEARCH
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dc.subject
SCHOOL QUALITY
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dc.subject
TEACHER SALARIES
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dc.subject
TEACHER RECOGNITION
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dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
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dc.subject
ENROLLMENT FIGURES
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dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION POLICY
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dc.subject
TEACHING
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dc.subject
SCHOOL LEVEL
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dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE
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dc.subject
RADIO
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dc.subject
LIBRARIES
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dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
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dc.subject
READING
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dc.subject
SCHOOL YEAR
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dc.subject
UNIVERSAL EDUCATION
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dc.subject
SCHOOL FACILITIES
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dc.subject
WORKERS
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VALUES
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PRIMARY DATA
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PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS
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dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
STUDENT
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dc.subject
SCHOOLS
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dc.subject
HEAD TEACHERS
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dc.subject
LEARNING OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
PUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS
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dc.subject
URBAN SCHOOLS
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dc.subject
STUDENT PERFORMANCE
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dc.subject
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
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dc.subject
TEACHING DUTIES
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dc.subject
TEACHER RATIOS
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dc.subject
TEACHER HIRING
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dc.subject
LITERATURE
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EDUCATION OF CHILDREN
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CLASS SIZE
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REPORT CARDS
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RIGHT TO EDUCATION
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dc.subject
SENIOR TEACHER
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dc.subject
INFORMAL SCHOOLS
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dc.subject
TEACHER
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dc.subject
SCHOOL FEEDING
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RURAL PUBLIC SCHOOLS
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dc.subject
TEACHER RATIO
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dc.subject
ETHICS
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dc.subject
REMOTE VILLAGES
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dc.subject
EDUCATION
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VILLAGE LEVEL
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STUDENT TEACHER RATIO
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dc.subject
SCHOOL HOLIDAYS
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CLASS SIZES
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HUMAN RESOURCES
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SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION
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SCHOOL SUPERVISION
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PRIMARY EDUCATION SYSTEM
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SCHOOL CENSUSES
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PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATION
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PUBLIC SCHOOL
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PUBLIC SCHOOLS
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UNIVERSITY
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STUDENTS
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SCHOOL GOVERNANCE
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SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
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PRIMARY EDUCATION
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DEGREES
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TEACHER ABSENTEEISM
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SCHOOL INSPECTIONS
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CLASSROOM
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TEACHING ACTIVITY
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CIVIL SERVICE
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dc.subject
SCHOOL
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SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
NUMBER OF TEACHERS
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STUDENT LEARNING
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SCHOOL SURVEYS
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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PRIVATE SCHOOL
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dc.title
The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance
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dc.title.subtitle
Evidence from Teacher Absence in India
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dc.type
Working Paper
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okr.date.disclosure
2016-02-25
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/02/25976238/fiscal-cost-weak-governance-evidence-teacher-absence-india
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7579
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0841b1331_1_0
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okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
25976238
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okr.identifier.report
WPS7579
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okr.imported
true
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okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/02/25/090224b0841b1331/1_0/Rendered/PDF/The0fiscal0cos0her0absence0in0India.pdf
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okr.region.administrative
South Asia
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okr.region.country
India
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okr.topic
Education :: Effective Schools and Teachers
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okr.topic
Governance :: National Governance
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okr.topic
Governance :: Local Government
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okr.topic
Education :: Education Reform and Management
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okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Corruption/Anticorruption Measures
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okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Management and Reform
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okr.unit
Human Development and Public Services Team, Development Research Group
en_US

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