Brief

The Cost of Fire : An Economic Analysis of Indonesia’s 2015 Fire Crisis

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collection.link.132
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5997
collection.link.157
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9388
collection.name.132
Bahasa PDFs Available
collection.name.157
Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes
dc.contributor.author
Glauber, Ann Jeannette
dc.contributor.author
Moyer, Sarah
dc.contributor.author
Adriani, Magda
dc.contributor.author
Gunawan, Iwan
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-03T19:58:58Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-03T19:58:58Z
dc.date.issued
2016-02
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T04:37:45Z
dc.description.abstract
In a five-month period, man-made fire cost Indonesia $16.1 billion or 2 percent of GDP in 2015. An estimated 2.6 million hectares – an area four times the size of Bali – burned. While the 2015 fires were some of the worst in recent years (in part as a result of el Nino), they are by no means a singular event. Wide-scale fire crises occur annually in Indonesia. Indonesia’s fire story is not just one of loss and damage; fires contribute to significant economic upside for a diverse, if concentrated, group of actors. However, the majority of Indonesians suffer as a result of the economic and physical damage. This document provides a loss and damage analysis of the 2015 fires and explores not just economic costs, but environmental costs as well. It also looks at the important role that fire plays in commodity crops, particularly oil palm, and the actors who benefit.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/03/26010885/cost-fire-economic-analysis-indonesia’s-2015-fire-crisis
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23840
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Jakarta
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Indonesia Sustainable Landscapes Knowledge Note No. 1
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
dc.subject
VISIBILITY
dc.subject
FAUNA
dc.subject
CARBON CONTENT
dc.subject
FIRE PREVENTION
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
LAND USES
dc.subject
TREE
dc.subject
OIL CONFERENCE
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
PLANT GROWTH
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
ARCHIPELAGO
dc.subject
FIRE SUPPRESSION
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
dc.subject
TIMBER
dc.subject
HABITATS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
REVENUES
dc.subject
INCENTIVES
dc.subject
GAS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY RESEARCH
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
AEROSOLS
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
FIRE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject
OIL PALM
dc.subject
PLANT
dc.subject
PHYSICS
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
OIL PALM PLANTATIONS
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dc.subject
CAPACITY
dc.subject
GHG
dc.subject
SWAMP
dc.subject
USE OF FIRE
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
SPECIES
dc.subject
FLORA
dc.subject
O3
dc.subject
RAINFALL
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
BURNING
dc.subject
CARBON SINK
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
CHEMISTRY
dc.subject
PRIMARY FOREST
dc.subject
EMISSIONS REDUCTION
dc.subject
PLANT SPECIES
dc.subject
RESOURCES
dc.subject
PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
CONSERVATION VALUE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS ESTIMATES
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
LEAD
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
FORESTRY RESEARCH
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
DROUGHT
dc.subject
CARBON STORAGE
dc.subject
VALUES
dc.subject
MORATORIUM
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
CONSERVATION MEASURES
dc.subject
POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
COLORS
dc.subject
OIL EXPORTS
dc.subject
TOURISM
dc.subject
SINK
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCERS
dc.subject
SWAMP FOREST
dc.subject
PARTICULATE
dc.subject
PALM
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
FOREST LANDS
dc.subject
SAVANNA
dc.subject
TAX REVENUE
dc.subject
POLLINATORS
dc.subject
EXPOSURE
dc.subject
TRADE
dc.subject
LAND
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
dc.subject
CARBON STOCK
dc.subject
FOOD CROPS
dc.subject
OZONE
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FOREST FIRES
dc.subject
LESS
dc.subject
REVENUE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
PROFITS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
BURNING BIOMASS
dc.subject
BUSINESS AS USUAL SCENARIO
dc.subject
OIL INDUSTRY
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY LOSS
dc.subject
GENETIC
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSION
dc.subject
OIL PALM PRODUCTION
dc.subject
NEGATIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
BENEFITS
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACTS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER
dc.title
The Cost of Fire
en
dc.title.subtitle
An Economic Analysis of Indonesia’s 2015 Fire Crisis
en
dc.type
Brief
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-03-02
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Brief
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/03/26010885/cost-fire-economic-analysis-indonesia’s-2015-fire-crisis
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0841cc8d9_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26010885
okr.identifier.report
103668
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2016/03/03/090224b0841cc8d9/2_0/Rendered/PDF/The0cost0of0fi0a0s020150fire0crisis.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Indonesia
okr.topic
Environment :: Natural Disasters
okr.unit
Envir & Nat. Res. - GP (GENDR)

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