Working Paper

Supporting Export Competitiveness through Port and Rail Network Reforms : A Case Study of South Africa

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Pieterse, Duncan
dc.contributor.author
Farole, Thomas
dc.contributor.author
Odendaal, Martin
dc.contributor.author
Steenkamp, Andre
dc.date.accessioned
2016-01-12T22:40:08Z
dc.date.available
2016-01-12T22:40:08Z
dc.date.issued
2016-01
dc.description.abstract
Transport and logistics infrastructure is a critical determinant of the competitiveness of a country's producers and exporters. Well-functioning transport and logistics infrastructure relies not just on hardware, but critically on the operating environment that emerges from the interaction between private sector operators; national policies and regulatory regimes; and, in many countries, state-owned owners and operators of core infrastructure. This paper looks at the case of South Africa, where constraints in access, pricing, reliability, and network interfaces, particularly in the port and rail network, are eroding the competitiveness of South African exporters. The paper draws on interviews with a wide range of exporters along with secondary research to examine South Africa's port and rail network, and explores the underlying factors contributing to these constraints, including chronic underinvestment, an inadequate regulatory environment, insufficient private sector participation, and weak regional integration. The paper concludes with a review of the reforms needed to deliver a more broadly accessible and competitive rail and port sector based on international case examples. It highlights the need for institutional reforms to promote competitive pricing; private sector participation to increase investment and improve service delivery; information and coordination to address market failures and improve access; and cooperation to improve intermodal, interregional, and institutional interfaces.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23632
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7532
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
RAIL DIVISION
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
ROAD USER CHARGING
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION LAW
dc.subject
RAIL NETWORK
dc.subject
PASSENGERS
dc.subject
CROSSINGS
dc.subject
DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES
dc.subject
RAIL PROJECT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT CORRIDORS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
dc.subject
ROAD ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
ROAD BUILDING
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
dc.subject
REGIONAL RAIL SERVICES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODE
dc.subject
TREND
dc.subject
RAIL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
STRICTER ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
RAIL SERVICE
dc.subject
JOURNEY
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION REFORMS
dc.subject
RAILWAY ASSOCIATION
dc.subject
TOLL
dc.subject
ROAD COSTS
dc.subject
IMPACT OF TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
ROAD MAINTENANCE
dc.subject
ROAD PRICING REFORMS
dc.subject
TYPE OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE CHARGING
dc.subject
BORDER TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
ARTERIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
RAIL JOURNEY
dc.subject
REGIONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
RAIL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT OPERATORS
dc.subject
FREIGHT TRAFFIC
dc.subject
IMPACT OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RAIL LINKS
dc.subject
VEHICLE MILES
dc.subject
FREIGHT FLOWS
dc.subject
RAIL CORRIDORS
dc.subject
PORT AUTHORITY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT PLANNING
dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
dc.subject
RAIL TRACK
dc.subject
JOURNEYS
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
RAILWAY LINE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRIPS
dc.subject
GOODS VEHICLES
dc.subject
RAIL COSTS
dc.subject
BORDER INSPECTIONS
dc.subject
ROAD‐CONGESTION
dc.subject
RAIL ACCESS
dc.subject
RAIL TRAFFIC
dc.subject
RAIL MODE
dc.subject
LOCOMOTIVE
dc.subject
FUEL TAXES
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY OF INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
GRANTS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
AIR FREIGHT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT NETWORK
dc.subject
CONGESTION
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
POLICIES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE RAIL OPERATORS
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRUCKS
dc.subject
ROAD USE
dc.subject
RAIL POLICY
dc.subject
HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES
dc.subject
BORDER‐CROSSING
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
PSP
dc.subject
TRAINS
dc.subject
RAIL FREIGHT NETWORK
dc.subject
URBAN SYSTEMS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS STANDARDS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL BURDEN
dc.subject
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
RAIL SECTOR
dc.subject
ROLLING STOCK
dc.subject
RAILWAY
dc.subject
RAILWAY COMPANIES
dc.subject
AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR
dc.subject
BLOCK TRAINS
dc.subject
ROAD USER
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
PORT FACILITIES
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE UPGRADING
dc.subject
CROSSING
dc.subject
FLEETS
dc.subject
MARITIME TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
RAIL CAPACITY
dc.subject
ROAD DAMAGE
dc.subject
PRIVATE RAILWAYS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC LAWS
dc.subject
HIGH TRANSPORT
dc.subject
FREIGHT SECTOR
dc.subject
RAIL
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
RAILWAY OPERATORS
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT
dc.subject
FREIGHT TRAINS
dc.subject
FREIGHT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT OPERATIONS
dc.subject
ROAD TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRANSPORT AGENCIES
dc.subject
RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
FREIGHT SERVICES
dc.subject
BORDER‐CROSSINGS
dc.subject
PROFIT MARGINS
dc.subject
RAIL OPERATIONS
dc.subject
AIRPORT
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL RAIL
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
RAIL LINES
dc.subject
FREIGHT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
INTEGRATED TRANSPORT PLANNING
dc.subject
TRUCK TRANSPORT
dc.subject
FREIGHT SERVICE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ROAD PRICING
dc.subject
ROAD SERVICES
dc.subject
CARRIERS
dc.subject
SUBSIDY
dc.subject
RAIL‐PROJECT
dc.subject
TRAFFIC
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
RAIL INDUSTRY
dc.subject
HEAVY VEHICLE
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
SPEEDS
dc.subject
VEHICLE
dc.subject
FREIGHT MOVEMENT
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
TOLLS
dc.subject
COSTS
dc.subject
PORT AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
RAILWAY SECTOR
dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RAILWAY SYSTEM
dc.subject
TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RAILWAY NETWORK
dc.subject
RAIL OPERATORS
dc.subject
ROAD USERS
dc.subject
MODES OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
DOMESTIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
CROSS SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
RAIL OPERATOR
dc.subject
RAIL‐ PROJECT
dc.subject
EFFICIENT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRAVEL TIMES
dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT POLICY
dc.subject
FREIGHT COSTS
dc.subject
RAIL NETWORK
dc.subject
TAXES
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
ROAD HAULAGE
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRAINS
dc.subject
RAIL FREIGHT
dc.subject
RAIL SERVICES
dc.subject
TRAVEL
dc.subject
TRANSIT
dc.subject
BORDER CROSSING
dc.subject
FREIGHT TERMINALS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS
dc.subject
POLICE
dc.subject
CONGESTION COSTS
dc.subject
RAIL CUSTOMERS
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY OF INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
RAIL SYSTEM
dc.subject
PORT SERVICES
dc.subject
RAIL ROUTE
dc.subject
MOTORWAYS
dc.subject
REGIONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
dc.subject
PORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
BRIDGE
dc.subject
TRAFFIC VOLUMES
dc.subject
FREIGHT RAIL
dc.subject
RAILWAYS
dc.subject
RAIL COMPANIES
dc.subject
INLAND TRANSPORT
dc.subject
VEHICLE KILOMETERS
dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
CROSS‐SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
PASSENGER RAIL
dc.subject
TRANSPORT OFFICIALS
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
FREIGHT MARKET
dc.subject
RAIL CORRIDOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION ECONOMICS
dc.subject
PORT ACCESS
dc.subject
URBAN ROADS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SURFACE FREIGHT
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRANSPORT
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
dc.subject
BOTTLENECKS
dc.title
Supporting Export Competitiveness through Port and Rail Network Reforms
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Case Study of South Africa
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2016-01-11
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/01/25762653/supporting-export-competitiveness-through-port-rail-network-reforms-case-study-south-africa
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7532
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08404558b_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
25762653
okr.identifier.report
WPS7532
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/T_MNA/2016/01/11/090224b08404558b/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Supporting0exp0tudy0of0South0Africa.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
South Africa
okr.topic
Airports and Air Services
okr.topic
Railways Transport
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics & Policy Planning
okr.topic
Industry :: Common Carriers Industry
okr.unit
Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group

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