Working Paper

Supporting Export Competitiveness through Port and Rail Network Reforms : A Case Study of South Africa

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Pieterse, Duncan
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dc.contributor.author
Farole, Thomas
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dc.contributor.author
Odendaal, Martin
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dc.contributor.author
Steenkamp, Andre
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dc.date.accessioned
2016-01-12T22:40:08Z
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dc.date.available
2016-01-12T22:40:08Z
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dc.date.issued
2016-01
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dc.description.abstract
Transport and logistics infrastructure is a critical determinant of the competitiveness of a country's producers and exporters. Well-functioning transport and logistics infrastructure relies not just on hardware, but critically on the operating environment that emerges from the interaction between private sector operators; national policies and regulatory regimes; and, in many countries, state-owned owners and operators of core infrastructure. This paper looks at the case of South Africa, where constraints in access, pricing, reliability, and network interfaces, particularly in the port and rail network, are eroding the competitiveness of South African exporters. The paper draws on interviews with a wide range of exporters along with secondary research to examine South Africa's port and rail network, and explores the underlying factors contributing to these constraints, including chronic underinvestment, an inadequate regulatory environment, insufficient private sector participation, and weak regional integration. The paper concludes with a review of the reforms needed to deliver a more broadly accessible and competitive rail and port sector based on international case examples. It highlights the need for institutional reforms to promote competitive pricing; private sector participation to increase investment and improve service delivery; information and coordination to address market failures and improve access; and cooperation to improve intermodal, interregional, and institutional interfaces.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23632
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7532
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
RAIL DIVISION
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
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dc.subject
ROAD USER CHARGING
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION LAW
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dc.subject
RAIL NETWORK
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dc.subject
PASSENGERS
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dc.subject
CROSSINGS
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dc.subject
DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES
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dc.subject
RAIL PROJECT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT CORRIDORS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
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dc.subject
ROAD ACCIDENTS
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dc.subject
ROAD BUILDING
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dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
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dc.subject
REGIONAL RAIL SERVICES
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODE
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dc.subject
TREND
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dc.subject
RAIL SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
STRICTER ENFORCEMENT
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dc.subject
RAIL SERVICE
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dc.subject
JOURNEY
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION REFORMS
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dc.subject
RAILWAY ASSOCIATION
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dc.subject
TOLL
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dc.subject
ROAD COSTS
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dc.subject
IMPACT OF TRANSPORT COSTS
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dc.subject
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
ROAD MAINTENANCE
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dc.subject
ROAD PRICING REFORMS
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dc.subject
TYPE OF TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
AIR
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE CHARGING
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dc.subject
BORDER TRAFFIC
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT SERVICES
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dc.subject
ARTERIES
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODES
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
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dc.subject
RAIL JOURNEY
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dc.subject
REGIONAL TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
RAIL TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT OPERATORS
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dc.subject
FREIGHT TRAFFIC
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dc.subject
IMPACT OF TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
RAIL LINKS
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dc.subject
VEHICLE MILES
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dc.subject
FREIGHT FLOWS
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dc.subject
RAIL CORRIDORS
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dc.subject
PORT AUTHORITY
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT PLANNING
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dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
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dc.subject
RAIL TRACK
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dc.subject
JOURNEYS
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dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
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dc.subject
RAILWAY LINE
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRIPS
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dc.subject
GOODS VEHICLES
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dc.subject
RAIL COSTS
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dc.subject
BORDER INSPECTIONS
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dc.subject
ROAD‐CONGESTION
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dc.subject
RAIL ACCESS
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dc.subject
RAIL TRAFFIC
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dc.subject
RAIL MODE
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dc.subject
LOCOMOTIVE
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dc.subject
FUEL TAXES
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dc.subject
EFFICIENCY OF INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
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dc.subject
GRANTS
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
AIR FREIGHT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT NETWORK
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dc.subject
CONGESTION
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
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dc.subject
INSPECTION
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dc.subject
POLICIES
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dc.subject
DOMESTIC TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
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dc.subject
PRIVATE RAIL OPERATORS
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dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
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dc.subject
TRUCKS
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dc.subject
ROAD USE
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dc.subject
RAIL POLICY
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dc.subject
HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES
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dc.subject
BORDER‐CROSSING
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
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dc.subject
PSP
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dc.subject
TRAINS
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dc.subject
RAIL FREIGHT NETWORK
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dc.subject
URBAN SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
EMISSIONS STANDARDS
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL BURDEN
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
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dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES
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dc.subject
RAIL SECTOR
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dc.subject
ROLLING STOCK
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dc.subject
RAILWAY
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dc.subject
RAILWAY COMPANIES
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dc.subject
AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR
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dc.subject
BLOCK TRAINS
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dc.subject
ROAD USER
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dc.subject
ROADS
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dc.subject
PORT FACILITIES
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE UPGRADING
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dc.subject
CROSSING
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dc.subject
FLEETS
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dc.subject
MARITIME TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT AUTHORITIES
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dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
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dc.subject
RAIL CAPACITY
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dc.subject
ROAD DAMAGE
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dc.subject
PRIVATE RAILWAYS
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dc.subject
TRAFFIC LAWS
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dc.subject
HIGH TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
FREIGHT SECTOR
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dc.subject
RAIL
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dc.subject
FUEL
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dc.subject
RAILWAY OPERATORS
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dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
DIESEL
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dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
FREIGHT TRAINS
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dc.subject
FREIGHT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT OPERATIONS
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dc.subject
ROAD TRAFFIC
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT AGENCIES
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dc.subject
RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
FREIGHT SERVICES
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dc.subject
BORDER‐CROSSINGS
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dc.subject
PROFIT MARGINS
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dc.subject
RAIL OPERATIONS
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dc.subject
AIRPORT
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL RAIL
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
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dc.subject
VEHICLES
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dc.subject
RAIL LINES
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dc.subject
FREIGHT TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
INTEGRATED TRANSPORT PLANNING
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dc.subject
TRUCK TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
FREIGHT SERVICE
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dc.subject
EMISSIONS
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dc.subject
ROAD PRICING
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dc.subject
ROAD SERVICES
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dc.subject
CARRIERS
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dc.subject
SUBSIDY
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dc.subject
RAIL‐PROJECT
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dc.subject
TRAFFIC
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dc.subject
ROUTES
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dc.subject
RAIL INDUSTRY
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dc.subject
HEAVY VEHICLE
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dc.subject
DRIVERS
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dc.subject
SPEEDS
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dc.subject
VEHICLE
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dc.subject
FREIGHT MOVEMENT
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dc.subject
ROAD
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dc.subject
TOLLS
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dc.subject
COSTS
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dc.subject
PORT AUTHORITIES
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dc.subject
RAILWAY SECTOR
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dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
RAILWAY SYSTEM
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES
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dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
RAILWAY NETWORK
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dc.subject
RAIL OPERATORS
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dc.subject
ROAD USERS
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dc.subject
MODES OF TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
DOMESTIC TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRUE
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dc.subject
CROSS SUBSIDIES
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dc.subject
RAIL OPERATOR
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dc.subject
RAIL‐ PROJECT
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dc.subject
EFFICIENT TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRAVEL TIMES
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dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
ROUTE
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT POLICY
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dc.subject
FREIGHT COSTS
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dc.subject
RAIL NETWORK
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dc.subject
TAXES
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
ROAD HAULAGE
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dc.subject
PASSENGER TRAINS
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dc.subject
RAIL FREIGHT
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dc.subject
RAIL SERVICES
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dc.subject
TRAVEL
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dc.subject
TRANSIT
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dc.subject
BORDER CROSSING
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dc.subject
FREIGHT TERMINALS
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS
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dc.subject
POLICE
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dc.subject
CONGESTION COSTS
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dc.subject
RAIL CUSTOMERS
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dc.subject
EFFICIENCY OF INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
RAIL SYSTEM
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dc.subject
PORT SERVICES
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dc.subject
RAIL ROUTE
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dc.subject
MOTORWAYS
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dc.subject
REGIONAL TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
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dc.subject
PORT INFRASTRUCTURE
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dc.subject
BRIDGE
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dc.subject
TRAFFIC VOLUMES
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dc.subject
FREIGHT RAIL
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dc.subject
RAILWAYS
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dc.subject
RAIL COMPANIES
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dc.subject
INLAND TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
VEHICLE KILOMETERS
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dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
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dc.subject
CROSS‐SUBSIDIES
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dc.subject
PASSENGER RAIL
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT OFFICIALS
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dc.subject
INVESTMENTS
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dc.subject
FREIGHT MARKET
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dc.subject
RAIL CORRIDOR
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION ECONOMICS
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dc.subject
PORT ACCESS
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dc.subject
URBAN ROADS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
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dc.subject
SAFETY
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dc.subject
SURFACE FREIGHT
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dc.subject
PASSENGER TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
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dc.subject
BOTTLENECKS
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dc.title
Supporting Export Competitiveness through Port and Rail Network Reforms
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dc.title.subtitle
A Case Study of South Africa
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dc.type
Working Paper
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okr.date.disclosure
2016-01-11
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/01/25762653/supporting-export-competitiveness-through-port-rail-network-reforms-case-study-south-africa
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7532
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08404558b_1_0
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
25762653
en_US
okr.identifier.report
WPS7532
en_US
okr.imported
true
en_US
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/T_MNA/2016/01/11/090224b08404558b/1_0/Rendered/PDF/Supporting0exp0tudy0of0South0Africa.pdf
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Africa
en_US
okr.region.country
South Africa
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okr.topic
Airports and Air Services
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okr.topic
Railways Transport
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okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics & Policy Planning
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okr.topic
Industry :: Common Carriers Industry
en_US
okr.unit
Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group
en_US

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