Working Paper

Unhappy Development : Dissatisfaction with Life on the Eve of the Arab Spring

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Arampatzi, Efstratia
dc.contributor.author
Burger, Martijn
dc.contributor.author
Ianchovichina, Elena
dc.contributor.author
Röhricht, Tina
dc.contributor.author
Veenhoven, Ruut
dc.date.accessioned
2015-12-18T20:21:29Z
dc.date.available
2015-12-18T20:21:29Z
dc.date.issued
2015-11
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:15Z
dc.description.abstract
Despite progress in economic and social development in the 2000s, there was an increasing dissatisfaction with life among the population of many developing Arab countries. At the end of the decade, these countries ranked among the least happy economies in the world—a situation that fits the so-called “unhappy development” paradox. The paradox is defined as declining levels of happiness at a time of moderate-to-rapid economic development. This paper empirically tests the strength of association of a range of objective and subjective factors with life evaluation in the Middle East and North Africa region in the years immediately preceding the Arab Spring uprisings (2009–10). The findings suggest a significant, negative association between life satisfaction levels in the region during this period and each of the main perceived reasons for the 2011 uprisings—dissatisfaction with the standard of living, poor labor market conditions, and corruption.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/11/25382796/unhappy-development-dissatisfaction-life-wake-arab-spring
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23452
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7488
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
POLITICAL ACTION
dc.subject
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC JUSTICE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
PERSONAL HEALTH
dc.subject
GOOD GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL CHOICES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
JOB
dc.subject
DEPRESSION
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
dc.subject
PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
JOB INSECURITY
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
PAID MATERNITY
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
INEQUITIES
dc.subject
KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
SOCIAL CONDITIONS
dc.subject
OWNERSHIP STRUCTURES
dc.subject
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
LIFE
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EXOGENOUS VARIABLES
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
LIMITED JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MODERNIZATION
dc.subject
JOB MARKET
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
MARRIAGE
dc.subject
LABOR
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RULE OF LAW
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
EARNINGS GROWTH
dc.subject
POLITICAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
POLICIES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKETS
dc.subject
JOB STATUS
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL POLICY
dc.subject
PERSONAL FREEDOM
dc.subject
WORKSHOP
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS
dc.subject
QUALITY SERVICES
dc.subject
BULLETIN
dc.subject
POLICY
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
HUMAN NEEDS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PROGRESS
dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
dc.subject
SOCIAL UNREST
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
SOCIAL UPHEAVAL
dc.subject
POPULATION
dc.subject
MARITAL STATUS
dc.subject
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
POLITICAL SCIENTISTS
dc.subject
STUDENTS
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
FOREIGN POLICY
dc.subject
WOMEN
dc.subject
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
dc.subject
FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
EMPLOYEES
dc.title
Unhappy Development
en
dc.title.subtitle
Dissatisfaction with Life on the Eve of the Arab Spring
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2015-11-12
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/11/25382796/unhappy-development-dissatisfaction-life-wake-arab-spring
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7488
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b083c42064_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
25382796
okr.identifier.report
WPS7488
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/12/09/090224b083c42064/2_0/Rendered/PDF/Unhappy0develo0e0of0the0Arab0spring.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Monitoring & Analysis
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Disease Control & Prevention
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Market
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Corruption/Anticorruption Measures
okr.unit
Office of the Chief Economist, Middle East and North Africa (MNACE)

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