The Elderly and Old Age Support in Rural China : Challenges and Prospects

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collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Cai, Fang
dc.contributor.author
Giles, John
dc.contributor.author
O'Keefe, Philip
dc.contributor.author
Wang, Dewen
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T08:44:30Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T08:44:30Z
dc.date.issued
2012-03-13
dc.description.abstract
Although average incomes in China have risen dramatically since the 1980s, concerns are increasing that the rural elderly have not benefited from growth to the same extent as younger people and the urban elderly. Concerns about welfare of the rural elderly combine spatial and demographic issues. Large gaps exist between conditions in coastal and interior regions and between conditions in urban and rural areas of the country. In addition to differences in income by geography, considerable differences exist across demographic groups in the level of coverage by safety nets, in the benefits received through the social welfare system, and in the risks of falling into poverty. This book aims to do two things: first, it provides detailed empirical analysis of the welfare and living conditions of the rural elderly since the early 1990s in the context of large-scale rural-to-urban migration, and second, it explores the evolution of the rural pension system in China over the past two decades and raises a number of issues on its current implementation and future directions. Although the two sections of the book are distinct in analytical terms, they are closely linked in policy terms: the first section demonstrates in several ways a rationale for greater public intervention in the welfare of the rural elderly, and the second documents the response of policy to date and options to consider for deepening the coverage and effects of the rural pension system over the longer term.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8685-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2249
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development ; human development
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE TERMS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
AGE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
AGING POPULATIONS
dc.subject
BASIC BENEFIT
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
dc.subject
BASIC PENSION
dc.subject
BENEFIT LEVEL
dc.subject
BENEFIT LEVELS
dc.subject
CENTER FOR POPULATION
dc.subject
CHANGES IN FERTILITY
dc.subject
CHRONIC POVERTY
dc.subject
CHRONICALLY POOR
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION POVERTY
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION RECORDS
dc.subject
CORESIDENCE
dc.subject
CULTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIO
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIOS
dc.subject
DETERMINANT OF POVERTY
dc.subject
DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DISSEMINATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
ELDERLY HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
ELDERLY MEN
dc.subject
ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject
ELDERLY PERSONS
dc.subject
ELDERLY POPULATION
dc.subject
ELDERLY WOMEN
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING COMMISSION
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
FAMILY SUPPORT
dc.subject
FARM LABOR
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY POLICIES
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject
FUNDED PENSIONS
dc.subject
FUTURE GENERATIONS
dc.subject
GLOBAL POPULATION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT PENSIONS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GUARANTEED RATE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HIGHER INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOMES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD POVERTY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ILL HEALTH
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME QUINTILE
dc.subject
INCOME RISK
dc.subject
INCOME SHOCK
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS
dc.subject
INFLATION RATE
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSFERS
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR INCOME
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LOCAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
LOCAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
LOW FERTILITY
dc.subject
MALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRANT FAMILY
dc.subject
MIGRANT WORKERS
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
NATIONAL FERTILITY
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL PENSION
dc.subject
NATIONAL POLICY
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
OLD AGE SUPPORT
dc.subject
OLD-AGE
dc.subject
OLDER PEOPLE
dc.subject
PENSION
dc.subject
PENSION BENEFIT
dc.subject
PENSION BENEFITS
dc.subject
PENSION COVERAGE
dc.subject
PENSION INCOME
dc.subject
PENSION INDICATORS
dc.subject
PENSION POLICY
dc.subject
PENSION POLICY REFORM
dc.subject
PENSION PROGRAMS
dc.subject
PENSION SCHEME
dc.subject
PENSION SCHEMES
dc.subject
PENSION SYSTEM
dc.subject
PENSION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
PENSIONABLE AGE
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
PERSISTENT POVERTY
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POLICY RESPONSE
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR AREAS
dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POORER HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POPULATION CENSUS
dc.subject
POPULATION CENTER
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
POPULATION PROJECTIONS
dc.subject
POPULATION RESEARCH
dc.subject
POPULATION STATISTICS
dc.subject
POPULATION STRUCTURE
dc.subject
POPULATION TRENDS
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY GAP
dc.subject
POVERTY HEAD
dc.subject
POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject
POVERTY INDEX
dc.subject
POVERTY LEVEL
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject
POVERTY POVERTY
dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY SEVERITY
dc.subject
POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject
PRIVATE TRANSFERS
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SUPPORT
dc.subject
REDUCTION IN POVERTY
dc.subject
REMITTANCE
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RETIREMENT
dc.subject
RETIREMENT AGES
dc.subject
RETIREMENT DECISIONS
dc.subject
RURAL
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLD
dc.subject
RURAL INCOMES
dc.subject
RURAL MEN
dc.subject
RURAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
RURAL PEOPLE
dc.subject
RURAL POOR
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATIONS
dc.subject
RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject
RURAL RESIDENTS
dc.subject
RURAL WORKERS
dc.subject
SAFETY NETS
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
dc.subject
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL PENSION
dc.subject
SOCIAL PENSIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION MECHANISMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SPATIAL DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
SPILLOVER
dc.subject
SPOUSE
dc.subject
STATE UNIVERSITY
dc.subject
SUPPORT FALLS
dc.subject
TARGETING
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
VILLAGE LEADERS
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY
dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULT
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.title
The Elderly and Old Age Support in Rural China : Challenges and Prospects
en
okr.date.disclosure
2012-03-16
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20120319004833
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8685-9
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20120319004833
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15947358
okr.identifier.report
67522
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/03/19/000333037_20120319004833/Rendered/PDF/675220PUB0EPI0067882B09780821386859.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.geographical
East Asia
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Pensions & Retirement Systems
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Regional Economic Development
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
World Development Report (DECWD)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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