Working Paper

How Unfair is the Inequality of Wage Earnings in Russia? : Estimates from Panel Data

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Tiwari, Sailesh
dc.contributor.author
Lara Ibarra, Gabriel
dc.contributor.author
Narayan, Ambar
dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-14T22:10:40Z
dc.date.available
2015-07-14T22:10:40Z
dc.date.issued
2015-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:07Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper attempts to determine the extent to which inequality in wage earnings in the Russian Federation is unfair. Unlike other similar attempts that can, at best, produce a lower bound on the estimate of the share of inequality that is unfair, this paper exploits the longitudinal nature of the data to come up with a lower bound as well as an upper bound. The upper bound is further refined to take into account the indirect effect of circumstances at birth (gender, parental wealth, etc.) on effort. Results show that the upper bound on the inequality of opportunity may be three to four times the measured lower bound and significantly higher for females than males in the sample. Finally, comparison with the United States and Germany show that although total inequality is lower in Russia, the share of unfair inequality is distinctly larger. The markedly large explanatory role of extraneous factors, such as gender and parental characteristics, in wage inequality calls for a close examination of governments’ efforts to address inequities in the labor market.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/06/24583161/unfair-inequality-wage-earnings-russia-estimates-panel-data
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22162
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7291
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
MEASURE OF INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ITS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY IN HEALTH
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WHO
dc.subject
AGGREGATE GROWTH
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL WORK
dc.subject
REAL WAGE
dc.subject
INEQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
LONGITUDINAL DATA
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
WAGE INEQUALITY
dc.subject
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION
dc.subject
INEQUALITY INDEX
dc.subject
MEAN INCOME
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
FEMALE WORKERS
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INEQUALITIES
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
INCOMES
dc.subject
MEAN LOG DEVIATION
dc.subject
PROPERTIES
dc.subject
NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED GROUPS
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
MIDDLE CLASS
dc.subject
REAL WAGES
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
WILL
dc.subject
JOB INSECURITY
dc.subject
SURVEYS
dc.subject
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
dc.subject
INEQUALITY MEASURE
dc.subject
DECREASING RATE
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
dc.subject
DATA SETS
dc.subject
HEALTH INEQUALITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POSITIVE EFFECT
dc.subject
HIGH INEQUALITY
dc.subject
LOW INCOME
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
EARNINGS INEQUALITY
dc.subject
DATA SET
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
INEQUALITY LEVELS
dc.subject
CHILDREN
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE INEQUALITY
dc.subject
FEMALES
dc.subject
POSITIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
IMPACT OF INEQUALITY
dc.subject
TRAINING
dc.subject
CHILD
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EQUALITY
dc.subject
ADVERSE IMPACT
dc.subject
INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject
INEQUALITY MEASURES
dc.subject
DATA QUALITY
dc.subject
SIGNIFICANT NEGATIVE
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
RISING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
MEASURING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
WOMEN
dc.subject
PRODUCT
dc.subject
POOR GROWTH
dc.subject
COMPENSATION
dc.subject
OUTCOMES
dc.subject
TOTAL INEQUALITY
dc.subject
RESIDENCE
dc.subject
FEMALE
dc.subject
OVERALL INEQUALITY
dc.subject
WDR
dc.subject
BENEFITS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.title
How Unfair is the Inequality of Wage Earnings in Russia?
en
dc.title.subtitle
Estimates from Panel Data
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2015-06-03
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/06/24583161/unfair-inequality-wage-earnings-russia-estimates-panel-data
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7291
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b082ef8100_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
24583161
okr.identifier.report
WPS7291
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/06/04/090224b082ef8100/2_0/Rendered/PDF/How0unfair0is00ates0from0panel0data.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Russian Federation
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Impact Evaluation
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Equity and Development
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Law
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Wages, Compensation & Benefits
okr.unit
Poverty Global Practice Group

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