Working Paper

A Behavioral Approach to Water Conservation : Evidence from Costa Rica

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Datta, Saugato
dc.contributor.author
Miranda, Juan José
dc.contributor.author
Zoratto, Laura
dc.contributor.author
Calvo-Gonzalez, Oscar
dc.contributor.author
Darlingm, Matthew
dc.contributor.author
Lorenzana, Karina
dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-14T21:09:21Z
dc.date.available
2015-07-14T21:09:21Z
dc.date.issued
2015-06
dc.description.abstract
This paper presents the design a set of three simple and replicable behavioral interventions, which use stickers that can be added to water bills at low cost, and test their impact on water consumption in Belen, Costa Rica, using a randomized control trial. Two of the three interventions were found to decrease water consumption significantly in the months following the intervention. A descriptive social norm intervention using neighborhood comparisons reduces consumption by between 3.7 and 5.6 percent relative to a control group, while a plan-making intervention reduces consumption by between 3.4 and 5.5 percent. While the two interventions have similar results, they are effective on different subpopulations, with the plan-making intervention being most effective for low-consumption households, while the neighborhood comparison intervention is most effective for high-consumption households. The results demonstrate that behavioral interventions, which have hitherto utilized sophisticated software to deliver customized messages, can be effectively implemented by local governments in developing countries, where technology and resource constraints render the sorts of customized messaging that has typically been used to deliver them in developed countries unfeasible. The results further confirm that raising awareness about how much water an individual consumes, and comparing this consumption level with peers, can go a long way in helping change individuals’ behavior regarding the use of a finite resource such as water.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22156
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7283
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
WATERING
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLIES
dc.subject
USE OF WATER
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PRICE OF WATER
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HAND WASHING
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PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
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WATER CRISIS
dc.subject
MONTHLY WATER BILL
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WATER USAGE
dc.subject
WATER CONSUMERS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
PROGRAMS
dc.subject
URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WATER METERS
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
DOMESTIC WATER
dc.subject
FIXED CHARGES
dc.subject
URBAN WATER
dc.subject
WATER SHORTAGES
dc.subject
GLOBAL WATER CRISIS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WATER
dc.subject
WASHING
dc.subject
HIGH WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
WATER BOARD
dc.subject
TOWNS
dc.subject
BASIC SANITATION
dc.subject
WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
MUNICIPALITIES
dc.subject
WATER SYSTEM
dc.subject
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
dc.subject
WATER MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
AVERAGE WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
WATER BILL
dc.subject
WATER PRICING
dc.subject
HIGH WATER
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
WATER USE
dc.subject
WATER
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
SCIENCES
dc.subject
WATER GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
WATER DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
WATER USE PATTERNS
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
POTABLE WATER
dc.subject
WATER SCARCITY
dc.subject
RESEARCH
dc.subject
PRICE ELASTICITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
BILLING
dc.subject
SMALL TOWN
dc.subject
URBAN DWELLERS
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
POTABLE WATER SYSTEM
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL UTILITIES
dc.subject
CHARGES – FOR WATER
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
dc.subject
WASTEWATER
dc.subject
FRESHWATER RESOURCES
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
FRESH WATER
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL WATER DEPARTMENTS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR WATER
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
WATER DEMAND
dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
dc.subject
SYSTEMS
dc.subject
WATER ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
COMMUNITY WATER
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
WATER PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
SANITATION SECTOR
dc.subject
CUBIC METERS
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL WATER DEPARTMENT
dc.subject
POWER UTILITY
dc.subject
WATER DEFICIT
dc.subject
CUBIC METERS OF WATER
dc.subject
BROAD RANGE
dc.subject
TOWN
dc.subject
WATER UTILITIES
dc.subject
WATER SOURCES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WATER USE
dc.subject
SANITATION SERVICES
dc.subject
WATER RATIONING
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
STATISTICS
dc.subject
GROUNDWATER
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
METERS
dc.subject
WATER SAVINGS
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
WATER SITUATION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
WATER SERVICE
dc.subject
DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DEMAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WATER DEPARTMENTS
dc.subject
WATER BILLS
dc.subject
WATER DEPARTMENT
dc.subject
WATER RATES
dc.subject
WATER CONSERVATION
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL WATER
dc.title
A Behavioral Approach to Water Conservation
en
dc.title.subtitle
Evidence from Costa Rica
dc.type
Working Paper
okr.date.disclosure
2015-06-02
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/06/24577782/behavioral-approach-water-conservation-evidence-costa-rica
okr.globalpractice
Water
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7283
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b082ef47f9_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
24577782
okr.identifier.report
WPS7283
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/06/04/090224b082ef47f9/2_0/Rendered/PDF/A0behavioral0a0ence0from0Costa0Rica.pdf
en
okr.region.country
Costa Rica
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Water Supply and Sanitation Governance and Institutions
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Town Water Supply and Sanitation
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water Use
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water Conservation
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water and Industry
okr.unit
Governance Global Practice Group and the Central America Countries Unit

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