Working Paper

A Behavioral Approach to Water Conservation : Evidence from Costa Rica

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Datta, Saugato
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Miranda, Juan José
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dc.contributor.author
Zoratto, Laura
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Calvo-Gonzalez, Oscar
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Darlingm, Matthew
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dc.contributor.author
Lorenzana, Karina
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dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-14T21:09:21Z
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dc.date.available
2015-07-14T21:09:21Z
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dc.date.issued
2015-06
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dc.description.abstract
This paper presents the design a set of three simple and replicable behavioral interventions, which use stickers that can be added to water bills at low cost, and test their impact on water consumption in Belen, Costa Rica, using a randomized control trial. Two of the three interventions were found to decrease water consumption significantly in the months following the intervention. A descriptive social norm intervention using neighborhood comparisons reduces consumption by between 3.7 and 5.6 percent relative to a control group, while a plan-making intervention reduces consumption by between 3.4 and 5.5 percent. While the two interventions have similar results, they are effective on different subpopulations, with the plan-making intervention being most effective for low-consumption households, while the neighborhood comparison intervention is most effective for high-consumption households. The results demonstrate that behavioral interventions, which have hitherto utilized sophisticated software to deliver customized messages, can be effectively implemented by local governments in developing countries, where technology and resource constraints render the sorts of customized messaging that has typically been used to deliver them in developed countries unfeasible. The results further confirm that raising awareness about how much water an individual consumes, and comparing this consumption level with peers, can go a long way in helping change individuals’ behavior regarding the use of a finite resource such as water.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22156
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7283
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
WATERING
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dc.subject
WATER SUPPLIES
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USE OF WATER
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PRICE OF WATER
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HAND WASHING
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PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
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dc.subject
WATER CRISIS
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MONTHLY WATER BILL
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WATER USAGE
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WATER CONSUMERS
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COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY
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dc.subject
PROGRAMS
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URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
WATER METERS
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WATER SUPPLY
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dc.subject
DOMESTIC WATER
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dc.subject
FIXED CHARGES
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dc.subject
URBAN WATER
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dc.subject
WATER SHORTAGES
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dc.subject
GLOBAL WATER CRISIS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WATER
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dc.subject
WASHING
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dc.subject
HIGH WATER CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
WATER BOARD
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dc.subject
TOWNS
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dc.subject
BASIC SANITATION
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dc.subject
WATER CONSUMPTION
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WATER RESOURCES
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ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
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MUNICIPALITIES
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dc.subject
WATER SYSTEM
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dc.subject
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
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dc.subject
WATER MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
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dc.subject
AVERAGE WATER CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
WATER BILL
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dc.subject
WATER PRICING
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dc.subject
HIGH WATER
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dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
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dc.subject
WATER USE
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dc.subject
WATER
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dc.subject
MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
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dc.subject
SCIENCES
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WATER GOVERNANCE
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dc.subject
WATER DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
WATER USE PATTERNS
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dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
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dc.subject
POTABLE WATER
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dc.subject
WATER SCARCITY
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dc.subject
RESEARCH
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dc.subject
PRICE ELASTICITY
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dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION
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dc.subject
BILLING
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dc.subject
SMALL TOWN
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dc.subject
URBAN DWELLERS
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dc.subject
MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY
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dc.subject
POTABLE WATER SYSTEM
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dc.subject
MUNICIPAL UTILITIES
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dc.subject
CHARGES – FOR WATER
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dc.subject
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
WASTEWATER
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FRESHWATER RESOURCES
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LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS
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dc.subject
FRESH WATER
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MUNICIPAL WATER DEPARTMENTS
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
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dc.subject
DEMAND FOR WATER
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dc.subject
UTILITIES
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dc.subject
WATER DEMAND
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dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
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dc.subject
SYSTEMS
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WATER ASSESSMENT
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COMMUNITY WATER
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dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
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dc.subject
WATER PRODUCTION
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dc.subject
CONSUMERS
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SANITATION SECTOR
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CUBIC METERS
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MUNICIPAL WATER DEPARTMENT
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POWER UTILITY
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dc.subject
WATER DEFICIT
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CUBIC METERS OF WATER
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dc.subject
BROAD RANGE
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dc.subject
TOWN
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dc.subject
WATER UTILITIES
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WATER SOURCES
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HOUSEHOLD WATER USE
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SANITATION SERVICES
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WATER RATIONING
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DRINKING WATER
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STATISTICS
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GROUNDWATER
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HOUSEHOLDS
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METERS
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WATER SAVINGS
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CONSERVATION
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WATER SITUATION
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HOUSEHOLD WATER CONSUMPTION
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HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO DRINKING WATER
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WATER SERVICE
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DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION
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DEMAND MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
WATER DEPARTMENTS
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WATER BILLS
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WATER DEPARTMENT
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WATER RATES
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WATER CONSERVATION
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MUNICIPAL WATER
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dc.title
A Behavioral Approach to Water Conservation
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dc.title.subtitle
Evidence from Costa Rica
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dc.type
Working Paper
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okr.date.disclosure
2015-06-02
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/06/24577782/behavioral-approach-water-conservation-evidence-costa-rica
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okr.globalpractice
Water
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7283
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b082ef47f9_2_0
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okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
24577782
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okr.identifier.report
WPS7283
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okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/06/04/090224b082ef47f9/2_0/Rendered/PDF/A0behavioral0a0ence0from0Costa0Rica.pdf
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okr.region.country
Costa Rica
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okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Water Supply and Sanitation Governance and Institutions
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okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Town Water Supply and Sanitation
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okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water Use
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okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water Conservation
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okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water and Industry
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okr.unit
Governance Global Practice Group and the Central America Countries Unit
en_US

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