Working Paper

Keeping Warm : Urban Heating Options in Tajikistan

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collection.link.93
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2201
collection.name.93
Other Urban Study
dc.contributor.author
Balabanyan, Ani
dc.contributor.author
Hofer, Kathrin
dc.contributor.author
Finn, Johua
dc.contributor.author
Hankinson, Denzel
dc.date.accessioned
2015-06-30T19:32:40Z
dc.date.available
2015-06-30T19:32:40Z
dc.date.issued
2015-03
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:06Z
dc.description.abstract
This report identifies the most viable heating options and related investment measures to meet heating demand in urban residential and public buildings in Tajikistan. The report provides an overview of the condition and performance of the urban heating sector and building stock, and assesses, in detail, the situation in Dushanbe and Khujand. The report gives introduction in section one. Section two gives an overview of the physical, institutional, and regulatory characteristics of the urban heating sector in Tajikistan and includes an analysis of the urban building stock. Sections three and four describe the heat supply and demand characteristics of Dushanbe and Khujand and estimate the unmet heating demand in these cities. Section five evaluates the available supply and demand side heating options and investment measures that can be implemented to improve the heating sectors in the target cities. Section six recommends priority investment measures for each building type, identifies related policy actions to facilitate implementation of the recommended investments, highlights key implementation issues, and describes the next steps necessary to implement them.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/06/24663881/keeping-warm-urban-heating-options-tajikistan-summary-report
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22088
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
dc.subject
PRIMARY ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
PROCESS HEAT
dc.subject
FLUE GAS
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS
dc.subject
COAL BOILERS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY TARIFF
dc.subject
HEATING SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEAT METERS
dc.subject
COAL EXTRACTION
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
COST OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
SOLAR WATER HEATERS
dc.subject
GAS IMPORTS
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY
dc.subject
HEAT DEMAND
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT
dc.subject
PRICE
dc.subject
VOLTAGE
dc.subject
CLEANER
dc.subject
CLEAN AIR
dc.subject
SAFER OPERATION
dc.subject
PETROLEUM
dc.subject
COAL USE
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCES
dc.subject
ELECTRIC SUPPLY
dc.subject
HOT WATER BOILERS
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL ENERGY
dc.subject
FUEL USE
dc.subject
SAND
dc.subject
IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
THERMAL OUTPUT
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
STEAM TURBINES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION LOSSES
dc.subject
SPACE HEATERS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR HEAT
dc.subject
COAL RESERVES
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL SWITCHING
dc.subject
FUEL COSTS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
HEAT TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HEATING SYSTEM
dc.subject
GASIFICATION
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
dc.subject
HEAT ENERGY
dc.subject
ENERGY SAVINGS
dc.subject
FUEL SUPPLY
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
COAL GASIFICATION
dc.subject
PEAK LOAD
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
dc.subject
AMBIENT AIR
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
ENERGY NEEDS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
CEMENT
dc.subject
SYNTHESIS GAS
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
PETROLEUM GAS
dc.subject
PARTICULATE
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION LOSSES
dc.subject
PILOT PROJECTS
dc.subject
ENERGY DEMAND
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT OF COAL
dc.subject
HEAT OUTPUT
dc.subject
TARIFF STRUCTURE
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
dc.subject
ELECTRICAL OUTPUT
dc.subject
FACILITIES
dc.subject
COAL GAS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE SOURCES
dc.subject
COST OF HEAT
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY POTENTIAL
dc.subject
REPLACEMENT OF PIPELINES
dc.subject
HEAT SUPPLY
dc.subject
PLANT EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
HEAT GENERATION
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS SUPPLY
dc.subject
PIPELINE
dc.subject
ENERGY COSTS
dc.subject
OPEN’ SYSTEMS
dc.subject
FUEL COST
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
POWER GRID
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
HEAT DELIVERY
dc.subject
WOOD BURNING
dc.subject
PEAK HEAT
dc.subject
DISTRICT HEATING
dc.subject
ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
ENERGY COST SAVINGS
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SYSTEM
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GAS PRICES
dc.subject
POWER CONDITIONERS
dc.subject
MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ELECTRIC HEATERS
dc.subject
UTILITY DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
POWER SHORTAGES
dc.subject
GAS
dc.subject
GAS CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
RESIDENTIAL HOUSING
dc.subject
HOT WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
SOURCE OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
BOILERS
dc.subject
HEAT PRODUCTION
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
HEAT TARIFFS
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS PRICES
dc.subject
BOILER HOUSE
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
ENERGY SHORTAGES
dc.subject
BOILER
dc.subject
GAS DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
dc.subject
OPTIONS
dc.subject
ENERGY RESOURCES
dc.subject
SOLID FUELS
dc.subject
WATER
dc.subject
POLLUTION LEVELS
dc.subject
THERMAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
dc.subject
BOILER HOUSES
dc.subject
HEAT PUMP
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
THERMAL ENERGY
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ENERGY
dc.subject
ELECTRIC ENERGY
dc.subject
HEAT
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY DEMAND
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
GAS BOILERS
dc.subject
HEAT METERING
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
FLUE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
COAL COMBUSTION
dc.subject
GAS SUPPLY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject
GAS SUPPLIES
dc.subject
HEAVY FUEL OIL
dc.subject
HOT WATER
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY TARIFFS
dc.subject
ENERGY BILLS
dc.subject
ENERGY PRICES
dc.subject
TURBINES
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
HEAT EXCHANGERS
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
HEAT TARIFF
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSERVATION
dc.subject
COMBUSTION
dc.subject
INVESTMENT
dc.subject
RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY
dc.subject
COAL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
COAL SUPPLY
dc.subject
TARIFF
dc.subject
FUEL TYPE
dc.subject
FUEL OIL
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
HEAVY RELIANCE
dc.subject
PRICE SPIKES
dc.subject
GASES
dc.subject
SPACE HEATING
dc.subject
PEAK HEAT DEMAND
dc.subject
EVAPORATION
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
COAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
PRICES
dc.subject
GAS DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
HEAT PUMPS
dc.subject
ENERGY
dc.title
Keeping Warm
en
dc.title.subtitle
Urban Heating Options in Tajikistan
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2015-06-19
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/06/24663881/keeping-warm-urban-heating-options-tajikistan-summary-report
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b082f5d1cd_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
24663881
okr.identifier.report
97495
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/06/19/090224b082f5d1cd/2_0/Rendered/PDF/Keeping0warm000tan000summary0report.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Tajikistan
okr.sector
Energy efficiency in Heat and Power
okr.sector
Energy and mining
okr.theme
Urban development
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Climate change
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Other environment and natural resources management
okr.topic
Science and Technology Development :: Engineering
okr.topic
Power Energy Conversion
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Climate Change Economics
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.unit
Energy Extractives - GP (GEEDR)

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