Clean Air and Healthy Lungs : Enhancing the World Bank's Approach to Air Quality Management

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collection.link.267
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/18025
collection.name.267
Environment Department Papers
dc.contributor.author
Awe, Yewande
dc.contributor.author
Nygard, Jostein
dc.contributor.author
Larssen, Steinar
dc.contributor.author
Lee, Heejoo
dc.contributor.author
Dulal, Hari
dc.contributor.author
Kanakia, Rahul
dc.date.accessioned
2015-03-09T20:11:11Z
dc.date.available
2015-03-09T20:11:11Z
dc.date.issued
2015-02
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:03Z
dc.description.abstract
This report specifically deals with air pollution, which was reported, by the World Health Organization (WHO), as the single largest environmental health risk globally in 2012 (WHO, 2014a). Air pollution from outdoor and household sources jointly account for more than 7 million deaths (3.7 million from ambient air pollution and 4.3 million from household air pollution). The following sections of this chapter present the objectives of, and key aspects of the institutional context for, this report followed by an examination of some of the major drivers of deteriorating ambient air quality in developing countries; air pollution sources and impacts; and the status of air quality management in developing countries. Chapter two presents the results of a desk-based portfolio review of World Bank projects that are relevant to reduction of air pollution. This is followed, in chapter three, by an examination of case studies of World Bank projects whose objectives include addressing ambient air pollution, highlighting good practices and lessons for future work of the Bank in supporting clients. Chapter four presents possible approaches for enhancing future Bank support in helping clients to improve air quality and reduce the associated adverse health outcomes. Chapter five presents overall conclusions and recommendations.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/02/24022074/
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/21561
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Environment and natural resources global practice discussion paper;no. 3
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABATEMENT
dc.subject
AEROSOL
dc.subject
AEROSOL PARTICLES
dc.subject
AEROSOLS
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
AIR MONITORING
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTANT
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION DEATHS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURE
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION INFORMATION
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION MONITORING
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION PROBLEM
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION PROBLEMS
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION SOURCES
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY CONTROL
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY DATA
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY GUIDELINES
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY INFORMATION
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY MONITORING
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject
AIRBORNE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
AIRPORT
dc.subject
AMBIENT AIR
dc.subject
AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AMBIENT CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
AMBIENT OZONE
dc.subject
AMMONIA
dc.subject
ARSENIC
dc.subject
ASH
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
dc.subject
AUTOMOBILES
dc.subject
BENZENE
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
BLACK CARBON
dc.subject
BOILERS
dc.subject
BUSES
dc.subject
CADMIUM
dc.subject
CAI
dc.subject
CANCER
dc.subject
CARBON CONTENT
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
CARBON FINANCE
dc.subject
CARBON MONOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON OFFSET
dc.subject
CARBON TAX
dc.subject
CARS
dc.subject
CH4
dc.subject
CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS
dc.subject
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
dc.subject
CHEMICALS
dc.subject
CLEAN AIR
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CO
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COLORS
dc.subject
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
dc.subject
COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
dc.subject
CROP RESIDUES
dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
dc.subject
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DIESEL FUEL
dc.subject
DIESEL OIL
dc.subject
DIESEL VEHICLES
dc.subject
DIOXINS
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
DUST
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSION CONTROLS
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
EMISSION STANDARDS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS DATA
dc.subject
EMISSIONS STANDARDS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
dc.subject
FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
FINE PARTICULATES
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST AREAS
dc.subject
FOREST FIRES
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FUEL QUALITY
dc.subject
FUEL SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GASOLINE
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
dc.subject
GHG
dc.subject
GLOBAL AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL WARMING
dc.subject
GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
GWP
dc.subject
HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
HAZE
dc.subject
HEALTH EFFECTS
dc.subject
HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject
HEAVY METALS
dc.subject
HFCS
dc.subject
HIGHWAYS
dc.subject
HUMAN HEALTH
dc.subject
HYDROFLUOROCARBONS
dc.subject
HYGIENE
dc.subject
IMMUNE SYSTEM
dc.subject
INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CARBON MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LIQUID PARTICLES
dc.subject
LOCAL AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
LOCAL AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
MANGANESE
dc.subject
MARGINAL COSTS
dc.subject
MERCURY
dc.subject
METHANE
dc.subject
MOBILE SOURCES
dc.subject
MORBIDITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLES
dc.subject
N2O
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NEIGHBORHOODS
dc.subject
NH3
dc.subject
NICKEL
dc.subject
NITRATE
dc.subject
NITRATES
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
NITROGEN DIOXIDE
dc.subject
NITROGEN OXIDE
dc.subject
NITROGEN OXIDES
dc.subject
NITROUS OXIDE
dc.subject
NO2
dc.subject
NOX
dc.subject
O3
dc.subject
OILS
dc.subject
OPEC
dc.subject
OPEN BURNING
dc.subject
OPEN DUMPS
dc.subject
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
dc.subject
OXYGEN
dc.subject
OZONE
dc.subject
PARTICULATE
dc.subject
PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject
PASSENGER VEHICLES
dc.subject
PEAK TRAFFIC
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
dc.subject
PM10
dc.subject
POLLUTANT
dc.subject
POLLUTANT EMISSIONS
dc.subject
POLLUTION CHARGES
dc.subject
POLLUTION CONCENTRATIONS
dc.subject
POLLUTION EMISSIONS
dc.subject
POLLUTION IMPACTS
dc.subject
POLLUTION LEVELS
dc.subject
POLLUTION REDUCTION
dc.subject
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS
dc.subject
POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject
PRICE OF DIESEL
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
RADIATIVE FORCING
dc.subject
RADON
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD SECTOR
dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SMOG
dc.subject
SMOKING
dc.subject
SO2
dc.subject
SOLVENTS
dc.subject
STATIONARY SOURCES
dc.subject
STREETS
dc.subject
SULFATE
dc.subject
SULFATES
dc.subject
SULFUR
dc.subject
SULFUR DIOXIDE
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TOXIC AIR POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
TOXICS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT PLAN
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TROPOSPHERIC OZONE
dc.subject
TRUCKS
dc.subject
UNEP
dc.subject
URBAN AIR
dc.subject
URBAN AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
URBAN AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
URBAN SPRAWL
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
VEHICLE
dc.subject
VEHICLE EMISSION
dc.subject
VEHICLE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
VEHICLE ENGINES
dc.subject
VEHICLE FLEET
dc.subject
VEHICLE USE
dc.subject
VOC
dc.subject
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
dc.subject
WASTE
dc.subject
WILLINGNESS TO PAY
dc.subject
WIND
dc.subject
WTP
dc.title
Clean Air and Healthy Lungs : Enhancing the World Bank's Approach to Air Quality Management
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2015-02-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/02/24022074/
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000456286_20150219134226
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
24022074
okr.identifier.report
ACS9035
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/02/19/000456286_20150219134226/Rendered/PDF/ACS90350NWP0RE00Box385428B00PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Other social services
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: General energy sector
okr.sector
Transportation
okr.theme
Urban development
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Pollution management and environmental health
okr.topic
Air Quality and Clean Air
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Transport
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Envir & Nat. Res. - GP (GENDR)

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