Out-of-School Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa : A Policy Perspective

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collection.link.130
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5995
collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.130
French PDFs Available
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Inoue, Keiko
dc.contributor.author
di Gropello, Emanuela
dc.contributor.author
Taylor, Yesim Sayin
dc.contributor.author
Gresham, James
dc.date.accessioned
2015-03-09T16:40:26Z
dc.date.available
2015-03-09T16:40:26Z
dc.date.issued
2015-02-27
dc.description.abstract
The economic and social prospects are daunting for the 89 million out-of-school youth who comprise nearly half of all youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Within the next decade, when this cohort becomes the core of the labor market, an estimated 40 million more youth will drop out, and will face an uncertain future with limited work and life skills. Furthermore, out-of-school youth often are policy orphans, positioned between sectors with little data, low implementation capacity, lack of interest in long-term sustainability of programs, insufficient funds, and little coordination across the different government agencies. This report provides a diagnostic analysis of the state of out-of-school youth in Sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on the 12- to 24-year-old cohort. This report also examines the decision path youth take as they progress through the education system and the factors that explain youth's school and work choices. It finds that individual and household characteristics, social norms, and characteristics of the school system all matter in understanding why youth drop out and remain out of school. In particular, six key factors characterize out-of-school youth: (i) most out-of-school youth drop out before secondary school; (ii) early marriage for female youth and (iii) rural residence increase the likelihood of being out of school; (iv) parental education level and (v) the number of working adults are important household factors; and (vi) lack of school access and low educational quality are binding supply-side constraints. Policy discussions on out-of-school youth are framed by these six key factors along with three entry points for intervention: retention, remediation, and integration. This report also reviews policies and programs in place for out-of-school youth across the continent. Ultimately, this report aims to inform public discussion, policy formulation, and development practitioners' actions working with youth in Sub-Saharan Africa.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0505-9
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/21554
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development--Human Development;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACADEMIC STANDARDS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SCHOOLING
dc.subject
ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject
ADULT EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
ADULT LITERACY
dc.subject
ADULTS
dc.subject
ADVOCACY
dc.subject
AGE COHORT
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION
dc.subject
BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
CHILD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
CHILD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
CIVIC PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
COGNITIVE SKILLS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
COMPULSORY EDUCATION
dc.subject
CURRICULA
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
DROPOUT PATTERNS
dc.subject
DROPOUT PROBLEM
dc.subject
DROPOUT RATE
dc.subject
DROPOUT RATES
dc.subject
DROPOUT TRENDS
dc.subject
DROPOUTS
dc.subject
EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EARLY INTERVENTION
dc.subject
EARLY MARRIAGE
dc.subject
EARLY MARRIAGE FOR GIRLS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EDUCATED ADULTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION DECISIONS
dc.subject
EDUCATION EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
EDUCATION FOR YOUTH
dc.subject
EDUCATION INITIATIVES
dc.subject
EDUCATION OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EDUCATION POLICIES
dc.subject
EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subject
EDUCATION PROGRAMS
dc.subject
EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL QUALITY
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT INCREASES
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT LEVELS
dc.subject
EXAMS
dc.subject
EXISTING RESOURCES
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY ATTITUDES
dc.subject
FEMALE YOUTH
dc.subject
FORMAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
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FORMAL SCHOOLING
dc.subject
FREE EDUCATION
dc.subject
GENDER DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITIES
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT RATE
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTHY CHILDREN
dc.subject
HIGH DROPOUT
dc.subject
HIGH POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
HIGH POPULATION GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
INFORMAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LEADERSHIP
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIFE SKILLS
dc.subject
LIFE-SKILLS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MARRIED WOMEN
dc.subject
NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
OLD GIRLS
dc.subject
OLDER GIRLS
dc.subject
ORPHANS
dc.subject
PARENT EDUCATION
dc.subject
PARENTAL ATTITUDES
dc.subject
PARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
dc.subject
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
POLICY DIALOGUE
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
POST-PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PRIMARY CYCLE
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY LEVEL
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PRIVATE EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROSTITUTION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUSH FACTORS
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
QUALITY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
dc.subject
REPEATERS
dc.subject
REPETITION RATES
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
RETURN TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
RISKY BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
RURAL RESIDENCE
dc.subject
RURAL YOUTH
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL COMPLETION
dc.subject
SCHOOL DISCIPLINE
dc.subject
SCHOOL DROPOUTS
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENTRY
dc.subject
SCHOOL FACILITIES
dc.subject
SCHOOL FEES
dc.subject
SCHOOL GIRLS
dc.subject
SCHOOL GRADUATES
dc.subject
SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
SCHOOL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subject
SCHOOL SYSTEM
dc.subject
SCHOOL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
SCHOOL TUITION
dc.subject
SCHOOL YOUTH
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SCHOOL­AGE
dc.subject
SCHOOL­AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SKILLS TRAINING
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject
STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
STUDENT ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
TEACHER TRAINING
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TEACHING
dc.subject
TEACHING FORCE
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TECHNICAL SKILLS
dc.subject
TEEN
dc.subject
TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
TRAINING COURSES
dc.subject
TRAINING PROGRAMS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNMARRIED GIRLS
dc.subject
UNMARRIED YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject
URBAN YOUTH
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
YOUNG AGES
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject
YOUNG GIRLS
dc.subject
YOUNG MEN
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMAN
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMEN
dc.subject
YOUNGER GIRLS
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.subject
YOUTH DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
YOUTH POPULATION
dc.title
Out-of-School Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa : A Policy Perspective
en
dc.title.alternative
Les jeunes non scolarisés et déscolarisés d’Afrique subsaharienne
en
okr.date.disclosure
2015-03-06
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2015/02/24101914/out-of-school-youth-sub-saharan-africa-policy-perspective
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0505-9
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000456286_20150306101938
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
24101914
okr.identifier.report
94741
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2015/03/06/000456286_20150306101938/Rendered/PDF/947410PUB0978100Box385416B00PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.sector
Education :: Secondary education
okr.sector
Education :: Vocational training
okr.theme
Public sector governance :: Public expenditure, financial management and procurement
okr.theme
Social dev/gender/inclusion :: Gender
okr.theme
Human development :: Education for the knowledge economy
okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.unit
Education - GP (GEDDR)

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