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    Debt Report 2022: Edition II
    (Washington, DC, 2022-06) World Bank
    This is the second of the series of Debt Reports for 2022 to be published online and provide users with data and analysis on external and public debt of low- and middle-income countries. Debt Report 2022 second edition presents preliminary estimates of external debt stocks at end-2021 for low- and middle-income countries and information on new bond issuance in international capital markets in 2021. The report also provides an update on new initiatives to enhance debt transparency and broaden the coverage of the debt data collected and disseminated by the World Bank.
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    Debt Report 2022 Edition I
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-01-31) World Bank Group
    This is the first of three Debt Reports for 2022 to be published online over the course of the year to provide users with data and analysis on external and public debt of low- and middle-income countries. Debt Report 2022 First Edition present summary analyses of the composition of external debt stocks and flows from the regional perspective. It draws out the main messages of the regional and country specific data and incorporates updates to the 2020 data included in IDS 2022. The report also presents updated data on the outcomes of the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI). The updated dataset was released in December 2021 and is available to users at: https://data.worldbank.org/products/ids.
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    International Debt Report 2022: Updated International Debt Statistics
    (Washington, DC : World Bank, 2022) World Bank
    International Debt Report (IDR), formerly International Debt Statistics (IDS), is a longstanding annual publication of the World Bank featuring external debt statistics and analysis for the 121 low- and middle-income countries that report to the World Bank Debtor Reporting System (DRS). The content coverage of IDR 2022 includes: 1) analyses of external debt stock and flows from 2010 to 2021 for these countries, 2) an assessment of the evolution of the creditor composition of external debt over the past decade with particular emphasis on the emergence of non-traditional bilateral creditors and private creditors and how this has impacted the structure of borrowers’ public debt portfolios and debt servicing costs which complicate the debt restructuring process, 3) a focus on how the World Bank has sought to enhance data quality and transparency against the backdrop of rapidly changing global debt dynamics (increase in commercial borrowing, non-traditional lenders, new instruments, etc.) that contribute to debt transparency issues, 4) tables and charts detailing debtor and creditor composition of debt stock and flows, terms volume and terms of new commitments, maturity structure of future debt service payments and debt burdens, measured in relation to GNI and export earnings for each country, and 5) a one-page summary on each country, plus global, regional and income-group aggregates showing debt stocks and flows, relevant debt indicators and metadata for 6 years (2010 and 2017-2021).
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    The Little Data Book on Financial Inclusion 2022
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022) World Bank
    The Little Data Book on Financial Inclusion 2022 is a pocket edition of the Global Findex Database 2021. The Global Findex is the world’s most comprehensive database on financial inclusion. It is also the only global demand-side data source allowing for global and regional cross-country analysis to provide a rigorous and multidimensional picture of how adults save, borrow, make payments, and manage financial risks. Results from the first survey were published in 2011, and have been followed by subsequent survey results from 2014 and in 2017. The 2021 edition, based on nationally representative surveys of about 128,000 adults in 123 economies, offers a lens into how people accessed and used financial services during the COVID-19 pandemic, when mobility restrictions and health policies drove increased demand for digital services of all kinds.
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    International Debt Statistics 2022
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2021-10-11) World Bank
    International Debt Statistics (IDS), a long-standing annual publication of the World Bank, features external debt statistics and analysis for the 123 low- and middle-income countries that report to the World Bank Debtor Reporting System. IDS 2022 includes (1) an overview analyzing global trends in debt stocks of and debt flows to low- and middle-income countries within the framework of aggregate capital flows (debt and equity); (2) an evaluation of the volume of debt service deferred through the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) in 2020 and the 2021 extension for participating eligible countries, as well as borrowing trends and debt service costs for DSSI-eligible countries that did not participate in the initiative; (3) tables and charts detailing debtor and creditor composition of debt stock and flows, terms of new commitments, and maturity structure of future debt service payments and debt burdens, measured in relation to gross national income and export earnings for each country; (4) one-page summaries per country, plus global, regional, and income group aggregates showing debt stocks and flows, relevant debt indicators, and metadata for six years (2010 and 2016–20); and (5) a user guide describing the tables and content, definitions and rationale for the country and income groupings used in the report, data notes, and information about additional resources and comprehensive data sets available to users online. Unique in its coverage of the important trends and issues fundamental to the financing of low- and middle-income countries, IDS 2022 is an indispensable resource for governments, economists, investors, financial consultants, academics, bankers, and the entire development community. For more information on IDS 2022 and related products, please visit the World Bank’s Data Catalog at https://datacatalog .worldbank.org/dataset/international-debt -statistics.
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    Purchasing Power Parities for Policy Making: A Visual Guide to Using Data from the International Comparison Program
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-06-10) World Bank
    The International Comparison Program (ICP) is a worldwide statistical initiative led by the World Bank under the auspices of the United Nations Statistical Commission. It produces comparable price and volume measures of gross domestic product (GDP) and its expenditure aggregates across economies. Through a partnership with international, regional, sub-regional and national agencies, the ICP collects price data and GDP expenditures to estimate purchasing power parities (PPPs) for the world’s economies. This guide provides an overview of how data and indicators based on these ICP outputs are used in a host of analyses, including monitoring progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, to inform policy making across the socioeconomic spectrum at the national, regional, and international levels. Seventy charts and maps illustrating these uses are organised under eleven policy-focused chapters: the size of the economy and price levels; poverty and inequality; trade and competitiveness; labor costs, wages, and social safety nets; food and nutrition; health; education; energy and climate; infrastructure; human development; and administrative uses. The indicators are produced by the World Bank and other organizations including Eurostat, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Energy Agency, the International Labour Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the International Telecommunication Union, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the United Nations Development Program, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the World Economic Forum, and the World Health Organization. The guide also highlights notable uses of underlying ICP data on food prices and on public sector wages, as well as the wealth of data from the ICP database itself, such as price levels, real expenditures, and expenditure shares for aggregates below GDP for each economy. In addition, the guide includes a comprehensive chapter on the uses and limitations of PPPs and analyses for which they are appropriate, as well as a technical note outlining the concepts and definitions of terms used. A web-based version (https://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/icp/brief/PPPs-for-Policy ) is also available, and more information can be found on icp.worldbank.org.
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    Debt Report 2021 Edition II
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-04) World Bank Group
    This is the second of the series of Debt Reports for 2021 to be published online, at regular intervals, over the course of the year. Their aim is to provide users with analyses of evolving trends and development related to external debt and public debt in individual countries and regional groups, with primary emphasis on low- and middle-income countries, and to keep users abreast of debt-related issues and initiatives. Debt Report 2021 Second Edition is focused on the preliminary estimates of external debt stocks at end-2020 for 120 low, and middle-income countries, and information on low- and middle-income countries’ bond issuance in international capital markets in 2020. It also provides an update on the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) as well as an overview of a new initiative aimed at creating a comprehensive dataset of domestic debt obligations of low, and middle, income countries.
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    Debt Report 2021 Edition I
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2021-01) World Bank Group
    This is the first of the series of debt reports for 2021 to be published online, at regular intervals, over the course of the year. Their aim is to provide users with analyses of evolving trends and development related to external debt and public debt in individual countries and regional groups, with primary emphasis on low- and middle-income countries, and to keep users abreast of debt-related issues and initiatives. This report presents a summary analysis of the composition of external debt stocks and flows from a regional perspective and draws out the main messages of the regional and country specific data.
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    International Debt Statistics 2021
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2020-10-12) World Bank
    International Debt Statistics (IDS) is a longstanding annual publication of the World Bank featuring external debt statistics and analysis for the 120 low- and middle-income countries that report to the World Bank Debt Reporting System (DRS). The content coverage of IDS 2021 includes: 1) a user guide describing the IDS tables and content, definitions and rationale for country and income groupings, data notes, and description of the additional resources and comprehensive datasets available to users online, 2) a brief overview analyzing global trends in debt stocks and debt flows to low- and middle-income countries within the framework of aggregate capital flows (debt and equity), 3) a feature story on the World Bank and IMF Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, 4) tables and charts detailing debtor and creditor composition of debt stock and flows, terms volume and terms of new commitments, maturity structure of future debt service payments and debt burdens, measured in relation to GNI and export earnings for each country, and 5) one-page summaries per country, plus global, regional and income-group aggregates showing debt stocks and flows, relevant debt indicators and metadata for 5 years (2015-2019).
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    Debt Report 2020 Edition III
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-07) World Bank
    This is the third in the series of Debt Reports for 2020 published online, at regular intervals, over the course of the year. Their aim is to provide users with analyses of evolving trends and developments related to external debt and public debt in individual countries and regional groups, with primary emphasis on low- and middle-income countries, and to keep users abreast of debt-related issues and initiatives.