Strengthening Kazakhstan's Education Systems : An Analysis of PISA 2009 and 2012

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collection.link.12
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2113
collection.name.12
Other Education Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank Group
dc.date.accessioned
2015-01-06T17:51:19Z
dc.date.available
2015-01-06T17:51:19Z
dc.date.issued
2014-12-03
dc.description.abstract
Kazakhstan's Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 performance improved markedly compared to 2009, and indicated a narrowing achievement gap among students. Math and science performance improvements equivalent to more than half a year of schooling were achieved. According to the OECD, 40 points in PISA is equivalent to what students learn in one year of schooling. The improvements reduced the gap with other countries in Europe and Central Asia (ECA) by almost half. Moreover, the performance improvements of the lowest achievers in 2009 and 2012 outpaced those of their higher achieving peers at a rate that compares favorably against OECD countries. However, performance on reading improved only marginally and overall reading achievement remained low, with some groups of students actually performing worse in 2012. Kazakhstan's PISA performance places it significantly behind other countries, especially in reading. Countries with income per capita levels similar to Kazakhstan's (namely Turkey and Russia) performed significantly better in math, science, and reading. Most importantly, Kazakh reading scores still lag about one year of schooling behind the ECA average and almost two years of schooling behind OECD. Public expenditures on education are lowest in Kazakhstan compared with other PISA 2012 participating countries, which likely hampers the country's ability to ensure effective learning for all. Any increase in public spending on education will have to be aligned with careful policy reform decision making, since resources alone do not guarantee attainment of desired education outcomes.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/21101
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABILITY OF STUDENTS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO PRESCHOOL
dc.subject
ACCESS TO PRESCHOOLS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO QUALITY EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACHIEVEMENT DISPARITIES
dc.subject
ADMISSION POLICIES
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
ANALYTICAL SKILLS
dc.subject
ASSESSMENT SYSTEM
dc.subject
ASSESSMENT TOOLS
dc.subject
AVERAGE SCORE
dc.subject
BASIC READING
dc.subject
BETTER LEARNING
dc.subject
CERTIFIED TEACHERS
dc.subject
CHILD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
CLASSROOM
dc.subject
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
COGNITIVE SKILLS
dc.subject
COLLEGES
dc.subject
COMPREHENSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
COMPULSORY EDUCATION
dc.subject
CURRICULUM
dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
dc.subject
DEGREES
dc.subject
DISCIPLINES
dc.subject
DROPOUT RATE
dc.subject
DROPOUT RATES
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EARLY GRADES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
EDUCATION ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EDUCATION EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EDUCATION OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subject
EDUCATION REFORM
dc.subject
EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject
EDUCATION STUDENTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
EFFECTIVE LEARNING
dc.subject
ENTRANCE AGE
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
FORMAL SCHOOLING
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITIES
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITY
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GRADUATE STUDIES
dc.subject
GRADUATION RATE
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTES
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
INDEXES
dc.subject
INSTRUCTION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
KINDERGARTENS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION
dc.subject
LANGUAGE POLICIES
dc.subject
LEARNING MATERIALS
dc.subject
LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LEARNING STRATEGIES
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
LITERATURE
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
MATH SCORES
dc.subject
MATH SKILLS
dc.subject
MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS
dc.subject
MATHEMATICAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject
MATHEMATICAL SKILLS
dc.subject
MATHEMATICS
dc.subject
MEASURING EDUCATION QUALITY
dc.subject
MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION
dc.subject
MOBILITY
dc.subject
MOTHER TONGUE
dc.subject
NATIONAL ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject
NUMERACY
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
OLD STUDENTS
dc.subject
PARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES
dc.subject
PEDAGOGICAL SKILLS
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE IN MATH
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS
dc.subject
PRESCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRESCHOOL LEVEL
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY LEVEL
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRINCIPAL EFFECTIVENESS
dc.subject
PRINCIPALS
dc.subject
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PROFICIENCY
dc.subject
PROVISION OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES ON EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
QUALITY OF TEACHING
dc.subject
QUALITY PRESCHOOL
dc.subject
QUALITY PRESCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
READERS
dc.subject
READING
dc.subject
READING ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
READING SKILLS
dc.subject
REASONING
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL DISPARITIES
dc.subject
RURAL LOCATIONS
dc.subject
RURAL SCHOOLS
dc.subject
RURAL STUDENTS
dc.subject
SCHOOL AUTONOMY
dc.subject
SCHOOL DROPOUT
dc.subject
SCHOOL INSTRUCTION
dc.subject
SCHOOL LOCATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL POLICY
dc.subject
SCHOOL READINESS
dc.subject
SCHOOL SYSTEM
dc.subject
SCHOOL TYPES
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SCIENCE LABORATORY EQUIPMENT
dc.subject
SCIENCE SCORES
dc.subject
SCIENCE STUDY
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SKILL ACQUISITION
dc.subject
SKILLS ACQUISITION
dc.subject
STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
STUDENT ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
STUDENT ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT
dc.subject
STUDENT LEARNING
dc.subject
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
STUDENT PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
STUDENT PROGRESS
dc.subject
STUDENT SCORES
dc.subject
STUDENT TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
SUBJECTS
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS
dc.subject
TEACHER SHORTAGE
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TEACHING QUALITY
dc.subject
TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
TEST SCORES
dc.subject
TEXTBOOKS
dc.subject
TYPES OF SCHOOLS
dc.subject
UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject
UPPER SECONDARY
dc.subject
UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
VISUAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
dc.title
Strengthening Kazakhstan's Education Systems : An Analysis of PISA 2009 and 2012
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-12-03
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000470435_20141203104214
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
20464344
okr.identifier.report
92913
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/12/03/000470435_20141203104214/Rendered/PDF/929130WP0Box380h0Online0FINAL0Dec01.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Kazakhstan
okr.topic
Secondary Education
okr.topic
Teaching and Learning
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.unit
Education Global Practice

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