Formulating an Urban Transport Policy : Choosing between Options

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collection.link.263
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17456
collection.name.263
ESMAP papers
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2014-12-23T22:27:52Z
dc.date.available
2014-12-23T22:27:52Z
dc.date.issued
2014
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:59Z
dc.description.abstract
As the developing world rapidly urbanizes, the demands on transport systems also grow often at a faster pace than the population. Given the above tendency, an effective and coordinated approach to urban transport requires that sound policies be put into place. Such policies enunciate the direction that a government wants to take; they lay the basic framework for downstream planning as well as project identification and prioritization. This document policy lays out the guiding principles for more detailed downstream planning. The objective of this guideline is to improve mobility, environmental quality, universal access, safety, and energy security of any urban transport policy. This guidebook is intended to be a practical support for formulating urban transport policies at the national, provincial, and local levels. To this end, it highlights some of the important issues that arise when creating an urban transport policy. The report is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two presents a framework of possible actions, highlighting the avoid-shift-improve classification that has become common in professional practice. Section three talks about the governance of urban transport: which level of government should be responsible for it, which sector should lead it, and how different aspects should be coordinated. Section four highlights policies relating to land use planning and the benefits of integrating them with transport planning. Section five discusses the different modes of transport and whether there is a need for policies to promote any particular mode in preference to others. Section six delves into issues relating to personal motor vehicles and, more particularly, the extent to which policies should accommodate the car within the overall transport system. Sections seven and eight present policy options relating to public transport and para-transit, covering issues relating to pricing, coverage, technologies, etc. Section nine presents options relating to non-motorized modes. Section ten presents issues relating to parking, and section eleven suggests a balancing of supply-side measures and measures to contain demand. Section twelve highlights options relating to alternative fuels. Sections thirteen and fourteen cover the financing of urban transport and the role of the private sector. Finally, section fifteen covers issues relating to the process for formulating such policies, and options for implementation.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/23014371/formulating-urban-transport-policy-choosing-between-options
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20950
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
ACCESS TO JOBS
dc.subject
ACCESSIBILITY
dc.subject
ADDITIONAL ROAD CAPACITY
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION IMPACTS
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE FUEL
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE FUELS
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE MODES
dc.subject
BICYCLES
dc.subject
BUS
dc.subject
BUS PASSENGERS
dc.subject
BUS SYSTEM
dc.subject
BUS SYSTEMS
dc.subject
BUSES
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
CAR
dc.subject
CAR DRIVERS
dc.subject
CAR USERS
dc.subject
CARRYING CAPACITY
dc.subject
CARS
dc.subject
CITY TRANSPORT
dc.subject
CLEAN FUELS
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COMPREHENSIVE URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
CONGESTION
dc.subject
CONGESTION CHARGES
dc.subject
CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
COST OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
COSTS OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
CYCLE TRACKS
dc.subject
CYCLING
dc.subject
CYCLISTS
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TRAVEL
dc.subject
DEMAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DRAINAGE
dc.subject
DRIVING
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
ELECTRIC VEHICLES
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENFORCEMENT OF REGULATIONS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FARE STRUCTURE
dc.subject
FARES
dc.subject
FATALITIES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
dc.subject
FLOOR AREA
dc.subject
FLOOR AREA RATIO
dc.subject
FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
FREIGHT
dc.subject
FREIGHT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
FREIGHT VEHICLES
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FUEL PRICES
dc.subject
FUEL QUALITY
dc.subject
FUEL STANDARDS
dc.subject
FUEL TAXES
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GAS TAX
dc.subject
GASOLINE
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
HIGHER FARES
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE CAPACITY
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING
dc.subject
INJURIES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
JOURNEY
dc.subject
LAND TRANSPORT
dc.subject
LAND TRANSPORT AUTHORITY
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND USE PATTERNS
dc.subject
LANES
dc.subject
LIGHT RAIL
dc.subject
LIGHT RAPID TRANSIT
dc.subject
LIVABLE CITIES
dc.subject
LONG-DISTANCE
dc.subject
LONGER DISTANCES
dc.subject
MASS TRANSIT
dc.subject
MASS TRANSIT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
METRO RAIL
dc.subject
METRO SYSTEM
dc.subject
METRO SYSTEMS
dc.subject
METROPOLITAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
METROPOLITAN TRANSPORT AUTHORITY
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MIXED USE
dc.subject
MOBILITY SOLUTIONS
dc.subject
MODAL CHOICE
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MODE OF TRAVEL
dc.subject
MODES OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MODES OF TRAVEL
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLE
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLE USE
dc.subject
NARROW STREETS
dc.subject
NMT
dc.subject
NOISE
dc.subject
NONMOTORIZED TRANSPORT
dc.subject
OFFENDERS
dc.subject
PARKING
dc.subject
PARKING FACILITIES
dc.subject
PASSENGER
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PASSENGER VEHICLES
dc.subject
PEAK HOUR
dc.subject
PEDESTRIANS
dc.subject
PERSONAL MOTOR VEHICLE
dc.subject
PERSONAL MOTOR VEHICLES
dc.subject
PERSONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PERSONAL VEHICLE
dc.subject
PERSONAL VEHICLES
dc.subject
POLLUTION EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
POLLUTION IMPACTS
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITIES
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSIT
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT FARES
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT INDUSTRY
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SUPPLY
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT USE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject
RAIL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
RAIL TRACKS
dc.subject
RAILWAY
dc.subject
RAILWAY SYSTEM
dc.subject
RAPID TRANSIT
dc.subject
RENEWABLE FUELS
dc.subject
RIDERS
dc.subject
RIDERSHIP
dc.subject
RIGHT OF WAY
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD ACCIDENT FATALITIES
dc.subject
ROAD ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
ROAD CAPACITY
dc.subject
ROAD DESIGN
dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject
ROAD SAFETY
dc.subject
ROAD SPACE
dc.subject
ROAD TAXES
dc.subject
ROAD TRAFFIC
dc.subject
ROAD USER
dc.subject
ROAD USER FEES
dc.subject
ROAD WIDENING
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROLLING STOCK
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY FOR PEDESTRIANS
dc.subject
SAFETY IMPACT
dc.subject
SAFETY STANDARDS
dc.subject
SIDEWALKS
dc.subject
SPRAWL
dc.subject
STRUCTURES
dc.subject
TAXATION POLICIES
dc.subject
TELECOMMUTING
dc.subject
TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC CRASHES
dc.subject
TRAFFIC FLOW
dc.subject
TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
TRAM
dc.subject
TRANSIT
dc.subject
TRANSIT CAPACITY
dc.subject
TRANSIT CORRIDOR
dc.subject
TRANSIT SERVICES
dc.subject
TRANSIT STATIONS
dc.subject
TRANSIT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TRANSIT VEHICLES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT AGENCIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT DATA
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT TAX
dc.subject
TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
TRANSPORTS
dc.subject
TRAVEL DEMAND
dc.subject
TRAVEL DISTANCES
dc.subject
TRAVEL SPEEDS
dc.subject
TRAVELERS
dc.subject
TRIP
dc.subject
TRIP LENGTHS
dc.subject
TRIPS
dc.subject
UNDERGROUND
dc.subject
URBAN MOBILITY
dc.subject
URBAN PLANNING
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT PLANNING
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT PLANS
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT POLICIES
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT POLICY
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
URBAN TRAVEL
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
VEHICLE DESIGN
dc.subject
VEHICLE EXHAUST
dc.subject
VEHICLE REGISTRATION
dc.subject
VEHICLE SIZE
dc.subject
VEHICLE USERS
dc.subject
WALKING
dc.title
Formulating an Urban Transport Policy : Choosing between Options
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-12-08
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/23014371/formulating-urban-transport-policy-choosing-between-options
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000456286_20141212091829
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
23014371
okr.identifier.report
89025
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/12/12/000456286_20141212091829/Rendered/PDF/890250ESMAP0RE0TPCBO0Lowres0reduced.pdf
en
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: General energy sector
okr.sector
Transportation
okr.sector
Transportation :: Roads and highways
okr.theme
Urban development :: Other urban development
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Climate change
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Environmental policies and institutions
okr.topic
Urban Transport
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.topic
Transport
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Banks & Banking Reform
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy & Planning
okr.unit
Energy ; Extractives - Sector (GEEES)

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