Tajikistan : Review of Public Expenditures on Education

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collection.link.9
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2109
collection.name.9
Public Expenditure Review
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2014-12-17T21:30:24Z
dc.date.available
2014-12-17T21:30:24Z
dc.date.issued
2013-08
dc.description.abstract
This policy note is part of the World Bank's Programmatic Public Expenditure Review (PER) work program for FY2012-2014. The PER consists of a series of fiscal policy notes, which aim at providing the Government of Tajikistan with recommendations to strengthen budgetary processes and analysis. This policy note, the third in the series, examines public expenditures on education in Tajikistan, focusing on assessing efficiency and equity of general education spending. Section 2 reviews the characteristics of Tajikistan's educational system, including access and equity in enrollment and quality of education. Section 3 analyzes overall public spending on education and a breakdown by financing source, subsector, and expenditure category, as well as unit costs by level of education. Section 4 examines general education financing, which is the largest spending unit within the education sector, in more depth. Section 5 covers demographic trends and enrollment projections and their implications on education spending. Section 6 provides the main conclusions: 1) the level of public spending on education in Tajikistan is comparable to similarly developed countries; 2) the pre-school enrollment rate is extremely low; 3) while primary education is near universal with gender parity, early dropouts are a significant problem; 4) available evidence suggests poor quality of early learning at pre-primary and primary levels; 5) the current wage system does not provide strong incentives for highly qualified new and experienced teachers; 6) per capita financing of general education has resulted in many positive outcomes overall, but implementation varies by district; 7) unit costs for new construction of school infrastructure vary considerably; 8) high unit costs of pre-school, vocational, and tertiary education suggest significant inefficiencies within these sub-sectors; and 9) demographic developments put an upward pressure on educational spending, particularly for increasing general secondary education spending. Methods to increase the fiscal space for education are discussed.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/08/19761058/review-public-expenditures-education
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20770
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Takijistan policy notes on public expenditures;policy note no. 3
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
BUDGETARY PROCESS
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHICS
dc.subject
EARLY DROPOUTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
FINANCING
dc.subject
FISCAL SPACE
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TEACHER WAGES
dc.title
Tajikistan : Review of Public Expenditures on Education
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-10-20
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/08/19761058/review-public-expenditures-education
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000469775_20140703145749
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19761058
okr.identifier.report
89182
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/07/03/000469775_20140703145749/Rendered/PDF/891820NWP0P14700TJK0NOTE30final0web.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Tajikistan
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: General public administration sector
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: General energy sector
okr.sector
Transportation
okr.sector
Water, sanitation and flood protection
okr.sector
Industry and trade
okr.theme
Economic management :: Debt management and fiscal sustainability
okr.theme
Economic management :: Macroeconomic management
okr.theme
Public sector governance :: Public expenditure, financial management and procurement
okr.theme
Public sector governance :: Other accountability/anti-corruption
okr.theme
Public sector governance :: Managing for development results
okr.topic
Access and Equity in Basic Education
okr.topic
Teaching and Learning
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.unit
Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region

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