Jobs or Privileges : Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africa

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collection.link.131
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5996
collection.link.60
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2168
collection.name.131
Arabic PDFs Available
collection.name.60
MENA Development Reports
dc.contributor.author
Schiffbauer, Marc
dc.contributor.author
Sy, Abdoulaye
dc.contributor.author
Hussain, Sahar
dc.contributor.author
Sahnoun, Hania
dc.contributor.author
Keefer, Philip
dc.date.accessioned
2014-11-20T16:03:49Z
dc.date.available
2014-11-20T16:03:49Z
dc.date.issued
2015
dc.description.abstract
This report shows that in MENA, policies that lower competition and create an unleveled playing field abound and constrain private sector job creation. These policies take different forms across countries and sectors but share several common features: they limit free-entry in the domestic market, exclude certain firms from government programs, increase regulatory burden and uncertainty on non-privileged firms, insulate certain firms and sectors from foreign competition, and create incentives that discourage domestic firms from competing in international markets. The report shows that such policies are often captured by a few privileged firms with deep political connections, and that these policies persist despite their apparent cost to society. The millions of workers, consumers, and the majority of entrepreneurs who bear the brunt of that cost are often unaware of the adverse impact of these policies on the jobs and economic opportunities to which they aspire. This limits the scope for internal country debate and curtails the policy dialogue necessary for reform. Thus, Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice in their quest for higher private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs and dismantle existing privileges to specific firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0405-2
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20591
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
MENA Development Report;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
capture
dc.subject
competition
dc.subject
connections
dc.subject
growth
dc.subject
jobs
dc.subject
patronage
dc.subject
policy
dc.subject
privileges
dc.subject
productivity
dc.subject
trade
dc.subject
unemployment
dc.title
Jobs or Privileges : Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africa
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2014-11-20
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.externalurl
http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/MNA/executive-summary-09-11-2014.pdf
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0405-2
okr.identifier.report
92870
okr.identifier.report
92767
okr.language.supported
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Turkey
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
okr.topic
Governance :: Governance and the Financial Sector
okr.topic
Governance :: National Governance
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Competition Policy
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Political Economy
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Taxation & Subsidies
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Business Environment
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Competition Policy
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Enterprise Development & Reform
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.unit
GMFDR

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