Jobs or Privileges : Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africa

Show simple item record

collection.link.131
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5996
collection.link.60
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2168
collection.name.131
Arabic PDFs Available
collection.name.60
MENA Development Reports
dc.contributor.author
Schiffbauer, Marc
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Sy, Abdoulaye
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Hussain, Sahar
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Sahnoun, Hania
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Keefer, Philip
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2014-11-20T16:03:49Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2014-11-20T16:03:49Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2015
en_US
dc.description.abstract
This report shows that in MENA, policies that lower competition and create an unleveled playing field abound and constrain private sector job creation. These policies take different forms across countries and sectors but share several common features: they limit free-entry in the domestic market, exclude certain firms from government programs, increase regulatory burden and uncertainty on non-privileged firms, insulate certain firms and sectors from foreign competition, and create incentives that discourage domestic firms from competing in international markets. The report shows that such policies are often captured by a few privileged firms with deep political connections, and that these policies persist despite their apparent cost to society. The millions of workers, consumers, and the majority of entrepreneurs who bear the brunt of that cost are often unaware of the adverse impact of these policies on the jobs and economic opportunities to which they aspire. This limits the scope for internal country debate and curtails the policy dialogue necessary for reform. Thus, Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice in their quest for higher private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs and dismantle existing privileges to specific firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation.
en_US
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0405-2
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20591
en_US
dc.language.iso
en_US
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries
MENA Development Report;
en_US
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
en_US
dc.subject
capture
en_US
dc.subject
competition
en_US
dc.subject
connections
en_US
dc.subject
growth
en_US
dc.subject
jobs
en_US
dc.subject
patronage
en_US
dc.subject
policy
en_US
dc.subject
privileges
en_US
dc.subject
productivity
en_US
dc.subject
trade
en_US
dc.subject
unemployment
en_US
dc.title
Jobs or Privileges : Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africa
en_US
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
en_US
okr.date.disclosure
2014-11-20
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
en_US
okr.externalurl
http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/MNA/executive-summary-09-11-2014.pdf
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0405-2
en_US
okr.identifier.report
92870
en_US
okr.identifier.report
92767
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
en_US
okr.region.country
Turkey
en_US
okr.region.geographical
North Africa
en_US
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
en_US
okr.topic
Governance :: Governance and the Financial Sector
en_US
okr.topic
Governance :: National Governance
en_US
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade
en_US
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Competition Policy
en_US
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Political Economy
en_US
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Taxation & Subsidies
en_US
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Business Environment
en_US
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Competition Policy
en_US
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Enterprise Development & Reform
en_US
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
en_US
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
en_US
okr.unit
GMFDR
en_US

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)