Addressing Inequality in South Asia

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collection.link.41
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2149
collection.name.41
South Asia Development Matters
dc.contributor.author
Rama, Martin
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Béteille, Tara
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Li, Yue
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Mitra, Pradeep K.
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dc.contributor.author
Newman, John Lincoln
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dc.date.accessioned
2014-10-09T00:09:14Z
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dc.date.available
2014-10-09T00:09:14Z
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dc.date.issued
2015
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dc.description.abstract
Inequality in South Asia appears to be moderate when looking at standard indicators such as the Gini index, which are based on consumption expenditures per capita. But other pieces of evidence reveal enormous gaps, from extravagant wealth at one end to lack of access to the most basic services at the other. Which prompts the question: How bad is inequality in South Asia? And why would that matter? This book takes a comprehensive look at the extent, nature, and drivers of inequality in this very dynamic region of the world. It discusses how some dimensions of inequality, such as high returns to investments in human capital, contribute to economic growth while others, such as high payoffs to rent-seeking or broken aspirations, undermine it. Drawing upon a variety of data sources, it disentangles the contribution that opportunity in young age, mobility in adult years, and support throughout life make to inequality at any point in time. Equally important, the book sheds light on the prospects of escaping disadvantage over time. The analysis shows that South Asia performs poorly in terms of opportunity. Access to basic services is partial at best, and can be traced to characteristics at birth, including gender, location, and caste. Conversely, the region has had a robust performance in terms of geographical and occupational mobility despite its cluttered urbanization and widespread informality. Migration and jobs have served disadvantaged groups better than the rest, highlighting the importance of the urbanization and private sector development agendas. Support falls somewhere in between. Poverty alleviation programs are pervasive. But the mobilization of public resources is limited and much of it is wasted in regressive subsidies, while inter-government transfers do not do enough to mitigate spatial inequalities.
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dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0022-1
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20395
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank Group, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
South Asia Development Forum;
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
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dc.subject
inequality
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dc.subject
mobility
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dc.subject
well-being
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dc.subject
access to finance
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dc.subject
opportunity
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dc.subject
equity
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dc.subject
progressivity
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dc.subject
migration
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dc.subject
nonfarm employment
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dc.subject
urban development
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dc.subject
households
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dc.subject
economic shocks
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dc.subject
social protection
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dc.subject
income distribution
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dc.subject
taxation
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dc.subject
regressive subsidies
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dc.subject
intergovernmental transfers
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dc.subject
happiness index
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dc.subject
discrimination
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dc.subject
Human Opportunity Index
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dc.subject
education
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dc.subject
returns on education
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dc.subject
vulnerability
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dc.subject
poverty
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dc.subject
gaps
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dc.subject
learning disparities
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dc.subject
health coverage
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dc.subject
class mobility
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dc.subject
Gini coefficients
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dc.subject
intergenerational mobility
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dc.subject
migration
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dc.subject
nonmonetary indicators
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dc.subject
subsidies
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dc.subject
urbanization
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dc.subject
wealth distribution
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dc.title
Addressing Inequality in South Asia
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okr.date.disclosure
2014-10-08
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
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okr.globalpractice
Poverty
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0022-1
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okr.identifier.report
91638
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okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
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okr.region.administrative
South Asia
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okr.region.geographical
South Asia
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okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health and Poverty
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Equity and Development
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Assessment
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Social Protections & Assistance
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okr.unit
South Asia Regional VP Office (SARVP)
en_US

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