Investment Climate Reforms and Job Creation in Developing Countries : What Do We Know and What Should We Do?

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Rahman, Aminur
dc.date.accessioned
2014-10-02T19:52:05Z
dc.date.available
2014-10-02T19:52:05Z
dc.date.issued
2014-09
dc.description.abstract
This paper reviews the literature on the role of the investment climate reforms in job creation. It finds that the current landscape of employment and private sector activity in developing countries indicates a number of potential channels through which investment climate reforms can positively affect job creation. However, rigorous empirical evidence is scarce and most of the relevant studies focus on business entry reforms with a few focusing on business taxation and investment promotion activities. Overall, there is evidence of job creation through business entry, tax reforms, and investment promotion activity in developing countries. Almost all of these evidences are from quasi-experimental studies that are significant improvements over conventional cross-country or cross-section panel data analysis. Still, various endogeneity concerns in these studies cannot be ruled out completely. In assessing job effects, future research should provide deeper insights on the gross versus net and short-run versus long-run job effects and general equilibrium effects of various investment climate reforms related to jobs, productivity, competition, and other developmental outcomes. Another critical agenda for future research is to shed light on which investment climate reforms matter most for spurring the employment and productivity growth of firms in developing countries. The World Bank Group, in partnership with development partners and client government countries, can play a significant role in bridging the current knowledge gap by integrating rigorous evaluation as an integral part of project design and implementation, and improving data quality, particularly through its information and communication technologies-led private sector development reform initiatives.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20335
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank Group, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7025
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABATEMENT
dc.subject
ACCESS TO CREDIT
dc.subject
ACCESS TO FINANCE
dc.subject
ACCESS TO FORMAL FINANCE
dc.subject
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECT
dc.subject
AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
APPROVAL RATE
dc.subject
BANKRUPTCY
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ENTRY
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENTRY
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject
BUSINESS LIFE
dc.subject
BUSINESS OWNERS
dc.subject
BUSINESS REGULATIONS
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject
CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE
dc.subject
CLIENT COUNTRY
dc.subject
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
CONFIDENTIALITY
dc.subject
CONGLOMERATE
dc.subject
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
CORPORATION
dc.subject
CORRUPTION
dc.subject
COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
CREATIVE DESTRUCTION
dc.subject
CREDIT FACILITIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES
dc.subject
DOUBLE TAXATION
dc.subject
EARNINGS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
EDUCATED ENTREPRENEURS
dc.subject
EFFECTIVE USE
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL STUDIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
dc.subject
EMPLOYERS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SHARE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
ENTERPRISE ZONE
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEUR
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURS
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
dc.subject
ENTRY BARRIER
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject
EXCLUSION RESTRICTION
dc.subject
EXPANSION
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXPOSURE
dc.subject
EXPOSURES
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
FEDERAL TAXES
dc.subject
FINANCE CORPORATION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
FIRM DYNAMICS
dc.subject
FIRM GROWTH
dc.subject
FIRM LEVEL
dc.subject
FIRM PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
FIRM PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
FIRM SIZE
dc.subject
FIXED ASSETS
dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
FOREIGN-OWNED FIRMS
dc.subject
FUTURE PROSPECTS
dc.subject
GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
HIGH-ENTRY INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
INCORPORATED COMPANIES
dc.subject
INFORMAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS
dc.subject
INTANGIBLE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE REFORM
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE REFORMS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT DECISION
dc.subject
INVESTMENT POLICY
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
JOB CREATION RATES
dc.subject
JOB LOSSES
dc.subject
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
JURISDICTION
dc.subject
JURISDICTIONS
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET POLICIES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LACK OF ACCESS
dc.subject
LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
LICENSING
dc.subject
LOCAL BUSINESS
dc.subject
LOCAL BUSINESSES
dc.subject
LOCAL LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LOCAL LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
MARKET DISTORTIONS
dc.subject
MARKET ENTRY
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject
MEDIUM ENTERPRISE
dc.subject
MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
MICRO-ENTERPRISE
dc.subject
MICROENTERPRISES
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
MNE
dc.subject
MULTINATIONAL
dc.subject
MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
NET EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
NET JOB CREATION
dc.subject
NET JOB LOSSES
dc.subject
NEW BUSINESS
dc.subject
NEW BUSINESSES
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
PARTY
dc.subject
PLANT SIZE
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POWER OUTAGE
dc.subject
PREVIOUS SECTION
dc.subject
PREVIOUS STUDIES
dc.subject
PREVIOUS WORK
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITY
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE FIRMS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GAP
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS
dc.subject
PROFITABILITY
dc.subject
PROMOTION ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
PROMOTION ACTIVITY
dc.subject
PROPERTY OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC FINANCE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
REAL ESTATE
dc.subject
RED TAPE
dc.subject
REFORM PROGRAM
dc.subject
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
REGULATORS
dc.subject
REGULATORY CONDITION
dc.subject
REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject
REGULATORY REFORM
dc.subject
REGULATORY REGIME
dc.subject
RESEARCH AGENDA
dc.subject
RETAIL TRADE
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTORS
dc.subject
SMALL FIRM
dc.subject
SMALL FIRMS
dc.subject
SME
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOURCE OF INCOME
dc.subject
STORE
dc.subject
STORES
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAX BURDEN
dc.subject
TAX BURDENS
dc.subject
TAX CREDIT
dc.subject
TAX RATE
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TAX REDUCTION
dc.subject
TAX REFORMS
dc.subject
TAX SYSTEM
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
dc.subject
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
dc.subject
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
WAGE EARNER
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WITHHOLDING TAX
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKING CAPITAL
dc.subject
WORKING POOR
dc.title
Investment Climate Reforms and Job Creation in Developing Countries : What Do We Know and What Should We Do?
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2014-09-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/09/20177747/investment-climate-reforms-job-creation-developing-countries-know
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7025
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20140905150408
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
20177747
okr.identifier.report
WPS7025
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/09/05/000158349_20140905150408/Rendered/PDF/WPS7025.pdf
en
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Microfinance
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Environment
okr.unit
Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group
okr.volume
1 of 1

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