Investment Climate Reforms and Job Creation in Developing Countries : What Do We Know and What Should We Do?

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Rahman, Aminur
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dc.date.accessioned
2014-10-02T19:52:05Z
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dc.date.available
2014-10-02T19:52:05Z
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dc.date.issued
2014-09
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dc.description.abstract
This paper reviews the literature on the role of the investment climate reforms in job creation. It finds that the current landscape of employment and private sector activity in developing countries indicates a number of potential channels through which investment climate reforms can positively affect job creation. However, rigorous empirical evidence is scarce and most of the relevant studies focus on business entry reforms with a few focusing on business taxation and investment promotion activities. Overall, there is evidence of job creation through business entry, tax reforms, and investment promotion activity in developing countries. Almost all of these evidences are from quasi-experimental studies that are significant improvements over conventional cross-country or cross-section panel data analysis. Still, various endogeneity concerns in these studies cannot be ruled out completely. In assessing job effects, future research should provide deeper insights on the gross versus net and short-run versus long-run job effects and general equilibrium effects of various investment climate reforms related to jobs, productivity, competition, and other developmental outcomes. Another critical agenda for future research is to shed light on which investment climate reforms matter most for spurring the employment and productivity growth of firms in developing countries. The World Bank Group, in partnership with development partners and client government countries, can play a significant role in bridging the current knowledge gap by integrating rigorous evaluation as an integral part of project design and implementation, and improving data quality, particularly through its information and communication technologies-led private sector development reform initiatives.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20335
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dc.language
English
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dc.language.iso
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dc.publisher
World Bank Group, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7025
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
ABATEMENT
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO CREDIT
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO FINANCE
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO FORMAL FINANCE
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
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dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECT
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dc.subject
AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY
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dc.subject
APPROVAL RATE
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dc.subject
BANKRUPTCY
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dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ENTRY
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dc.subject
BUSINESS ENTRY
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dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
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dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS
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dc.subject
BUSINESS LIFE
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dc.subject
BUSINESS OWNERS
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dc.subject
BUSINESS REGULATIONS
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dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE
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dc.subject
CLIENT COUNTRY
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dc.subject
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
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dc.subject
CONFIDENTIALITY
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dc.subject
CONGLOMERATE
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dc.subject
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
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dc.subject
CORPORATION
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dc.subject
CORRUPTION
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dc.subject
COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
CREATIVE DESTRUCTION
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dc.subject
CREDIT FACILITIES
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dc.subject
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
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dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
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dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
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dc.subject
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES
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dc.subject
DOUBLE TAXATION
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dc.subject
EARNINGS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
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dc.subject
EDUCATED ENTREPRENEURS
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dc.subject
EFFECTIVE USE
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dc.subject
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
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dc.subject
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
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dc.subject
EMPIRICAL STUDIES
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dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
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dc.subject
EMPLOYERS
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECT
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SHARE
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
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dc.subject
ENTERPRISE ZONE
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dc.subject
ENTREPRENEUR
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dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY
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dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURS
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dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
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dc.subject
ENTRY BARRIER
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dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTS
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dc.subject
EXCLUSION RESTRICTION
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dc.subject
EXPANSION
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dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
EXPOSURE
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dc.subject
EXPOSURES
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dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
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FEDERAL TAXES
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dc.subject
FINANCE CORPORATION
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL SERVICES
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FIRM DYNAMICS
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FIRM GROWTH
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FIRM LEVEL
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FIRM PERFORMANCE
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FIRM PRODUCTIVITY
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FIRM SIZE
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FIXED ASSETS
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FIXED COSTS
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FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS
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FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
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FOREIGN-OWNED FIRMS
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FUTURE PROSPECTS
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GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
GENDER
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HIGH-ENTRY INDUSTRIES
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
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dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
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dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
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dc.subject
INCORPORATED COMPANIES
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dc.subject
INFORMAL ECONOMY
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dc.subject
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
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INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES
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dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS
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INTANGIBLE
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INTERNATIONAL BANK
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INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
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INTERNATIONAL FINANCE
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INVESTMENT CLIMATE
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INVESTMENT CLIMATE REFORM
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INVESTMENT CLIMATE REFORMS
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INVESTMENT DECISION
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INVESTMENT POLICY
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JOB CREATION
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JOB CREATION RATES
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JOB LOSSES
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JOB OPPORTUNITIES
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JOBS
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JURISDICTION
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JURISDICTIONS
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LABOR COSTS
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LABOR ECONOMICS
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LABOR FORCE
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LABOR MARKET
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LABOR MARKET POLICIES
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LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
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LABOR MARKETS
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LABOR ORGANIZATION
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LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
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LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
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LABOR REGULATION
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LABOR REGULATIONS
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LABOR SUPPLY
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LACK OF ACCESS
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LIBERALIZATION
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LICENSING
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LOCAL BUSINESS
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LOCAL BUSINESSES
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LOCAL LABOR MARKET
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LOCAL LABOR MARKETS
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LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
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MACROECONOMIC POLICIES
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MARKET DISTORTIONS
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MARKET ENTRY
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MARKET FAILURES
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MEDIUM ENTERPRISE
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MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
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MICRO-ENTERPRISE
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MICROENTERPRISES
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MINIMUM WAGE
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MNE
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MULTINATIONAL
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MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES
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NET EMPLOYMENT
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NET JOB CREATION
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NET JOB LOSSES
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NEW BUSINESS
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NEW BUSINESSES
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OCCUPATIONS
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PARTY
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PLANT SIZE
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POLICY MAKERS
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POLITICAL ECONOMY
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POWER OUTAGE
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PREVIOUS SECTION
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PREVIOUS STUDIES
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PREVIOUS WORK
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PRIVATE SECTOR
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PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITY
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PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
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PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS
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PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS
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PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
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PRODUCTIVE FIRMS
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PRODUCTIVITY GAP
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PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
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PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS
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PROFITABILITY
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PROMOTION ACTIVITIES
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PROMOTION ACTIVITY
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PROPERTY OWNERSHIP
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PROPERTY RIGHTS
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PUBLIC FINANCE
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PUBLIC SERVICE
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REAL ESTATE
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RED TAPE
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dc.subject
REFORM PROGRAM
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REGIONAL INTEGRATION
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dc.subject
REGULATORS
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REGULATORY CONDITION
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REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS
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REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
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REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS
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REGULATORY REFORM
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REGULATORY REGIME
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RESEARCH AGENDA
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RETAIL TRADE
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SERVICE SECTORS
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SMALL FIRM
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SMALL FIRMS
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SME
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SOCIAL SECURITY
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dc.subject
SOURCE OF INCOME
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STORE
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STORES
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dc.subject
TAX
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dc.subject
TAX BURDEN
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TAX BURDENS
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TAX CREDIT
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TAX RATE
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TAX RATES
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TAX REDUCTION
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TAX REFORMS
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TAX SYSTEM
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TAXATION
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TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
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TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
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TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
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TRANSACTION COSTS
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UNEMPLOYED
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UNEMPLOYMENT
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UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
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UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
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UNSKILLED LABOR
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WAGE EARNER
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WAGES
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WITHHOLDING TAX
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dc.subject
WORKERS
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WORKING CAPITAL
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WORKING POOR
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dc.title
Investment Climate Reforms and Job Creation in Developing Countries : What Do We Know and What Should We Do?
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okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
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okr.date.disclosure
2014-09-01
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
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okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/09/20177747/investment-climate-reforms-job-creation-developing-countries-know
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
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okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-7025
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20140905150408
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
20177747
en_US
okr.identifier.report
WPS7025
en_US
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/09/05/000158349_20140905150408/Rendered/PDF/WPS7025.pdf
en_US
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Microfinance
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okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
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okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
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okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
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okr.topic
Environment
en_US
okr.unit
Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US

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