The Future of the Nuclear Industry Reconsidered : Risks, Uncertainties, and Continued Potential

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Kessides, Ioannis N.
dc.date.accessioned
2014-09-02T19:22:18Z
dc.date.available
2014-09-02T19:22:18Z
dc.date.issued
2012-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:52Z
dc.description.abstract
Skeptics point out, with some justification, that the nuclear industry's prospects were dimmed by escalating costs long before Fukushima. If history is any guide, one direct consequence of the calamity in Japan will be more stringent safety requirements and regulatory delays that will inevitably increase the costs of nuclear power and further undermine its economic viability. For nuclear power to play a major role in meeting the future global energy needs and mitigating the threat of climate change, the hazards of another Fukushima and the construction delays and costs escalation that have plagued the industry will have to be substantially reduced. One promising direction for nuclear development might be to downsize reactors from the gigawatt scale to less-complex smaller units that are more affordable. Small modular reactors (SMRs) are scalable nuclear power plant designs that promise to reduce investment risks through incremental capacity expansion; become more standardized and reduce costs through accelerated learning effects; and address concerns about catastrophic events, since they contain substantially smaller radioactive inventory. Given their lower capital requirements and small size, which makes them suitable for small electric grids, SMRs can more effectively address the energy needs of small developing countries.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/06/16448399/future-nuclear-industry-reconsidered-risks-uncertainties-continued-potential
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19935
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6112
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSORPTION
dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR FLOW
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
BORON
dc.subject
CADMIUM
dc.subject
CAPACITY FACTORS
dc.subject
CARBON CAPTURE
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON ECONOMY
dc.subject
CARBON ENERGY
dc.subject
CARBON ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
CARBON TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL
dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC EVENTS
dc.subject
CHEMICAL PROCESSES
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CO
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COAL PLANT
dc.subject
COD
dc.subject
COLD WATER
dc.subject
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
CONSTRUCTION COST
dc.subject
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
dc.subject
CONVECTION
dc.subject
COOLING
dc.subject
COOLING TOWERS
dc.subject
COOLING WATER
dc.subject
CORROSION
dc.subject
COST PER KILOWATT
dc.subject
DESALINATION
dc.subject
DISASTERS
dc.subject
DISTRICT HEATING
dc.subject
DIVERGENCE
dc.subject
ELECTRIC GRIDS
dc.subject
ELECTRIC OUTPUT
dc.subject
ELECTRIC POWER
dc.subject
ELECTRICAL ENERGY
dc.subject
ELECTRICAL POWER
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY DEMAND
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY SYSTEM
dc.subject
ENERGY MIX
dc.subject
ENERGY NEEDS
dc.subject
ENERGY POLICY
dc.subject
ENERGY SECURITY
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCES
dc.subject
ENERGY SYSTEMS
dc.subject
ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
ENGINEERING
dc.subject
ENGINEERING DESIGN
dc.subject
ENGINEERS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject
EXPLOSIVE
dc.subject
FEEDWATER
dc.subject
FLEXIBILITY
dc.subject
FLUIDS
dc.subject
FOOD PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOSSIL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL PRICES
dc.subject
FUEL COSTS
dc.subject
FUEL CYCLE
dc.subject
FUEL INVENTORY
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GAS TURBINE
dc.subject
GASES
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENERGY MIX
dc.subject
GRAPHITE
dc.subject
GREEN ENERGY
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
HAZARDS
dc.subject
HEALTH RISKS
dc.subject
HEAT CAPACITY
dc.subject
HEAT EXCHANGER
dc.subject
HEAT EXCHANGERS
dc.subject
HEAT TRANSFER
dc.subject
HELIUM
dc.subject
HIGH LEVELS
dc.subject
HYDROGEN
dc.subject
HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
IRRADIATION
dc.subject
KINETIC ENERGY
dc.subject
LEAKAGE
dc.subject
LITHIUM
dc.subject
LOW-CARBON
dc.subject
MASS
dc.subject
NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
NEW PLANT
dc.subject
NUCLEAR CAPACITY
dc.subject
NUCLEAR ENERGY
dc.subject
NUCLEAR FACILITIES
dc.subject
NUCLEAR FISSION
dc.subject
NUCLEAR FUEL
dc.subject
NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE
dc.subject
NUCLEAR FUELS
dc.subject
NUCLEAR INDUSTRY
dc.subject
NUCLEAR MATERIAL
dc.subject
NUCLEAR PLANT
dc.subject
NUCLEAR PLANT CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
NUCLEAR PLANTS
dc.subject
NUCLEAR POWER
dc.subject
NUCLEAR POWER INDUSTRY
dc.subject
NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
dc.subject
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
NUCLEAR POWER STATION
dc.subject
NUCLEAR REACTOR
dc.subject
NUCLEAR REACTORS
dc.subject
NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
NUCLEAR WASTE
dc.subject
NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL
dc.subject
OUTLET TEMPERATURES
dc.subject
PARTICLES
dc.subject
PELLETS
dc.subject
PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY
dc.subject
PETROLEUM
dc.subject
PETROLEUM REFINING
dc.subject
PHOTOVOLTAICS
dc.subject
PIPES
dc.subject
PLANT DESIGN
dc.subject
PLANT DESIGNS
dc.subject
POROSITY
dc.subject
POWER COMPANY
dc.subject
POWER DEMAND
dc.subject
POWER GRID
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
POWER STATIONS
dc.subject
PRESSURE VESSEL
dc.subject
PRESSURE VESSELS
dc.subject
PROCESS HEAT
dc.subject
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUMPS
dc.subject
QUALITY ASSURANCE
dc.subject
QUALITY CONTROL
dc.subject
QUANTITY OF HEAT
dc.subject
RADIATION
dc.subject
RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
dc.subject
RADIOACTIVE WASTE
dc.subject
RADIOACTIVITY
dc.subject
RADIONUCLIDES
dc.subject
RADIUM
dc.subject
RAW MATERIALS
dc.subject
REACTOR VESSEL
dc.subject
RELIABILITY ENGINEERING
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY FACILITIES
dc.subject
RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY EQUIPMENT
dc.subject
SAFETY MEASURES
dc.subject
SAFETY OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
SAFETY REGULATIONS
dc.subject
SAFETY STANDARDS
dc.subject
SALTY WATER
dc.subject
SILICON
dc.subject
SILICON CARBIDE COATING
dc.subject
SILVER
dc.subject
SODIUM
dc.subject
SOLAR POWER
dc.subject
STEAM CYCLE
dc.subject
STEAM GENERATORS
dc.subject
STRUCTURES
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
THERMAL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
THERMAL ENERGY
dc.subject
THERMAL OUTPUT
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER
dc.subject
THERMAL STRESSES
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION FACILITIES
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION GRID
dc.subject
TURBINE
dc.subject
TURBINES
dc.subject
TURBULENCE
dc.subject
URANIUM
dc.subject
URANIUM FUEL
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
WIND
dc.subject
WIND POWER
dc.subject
WIND RESOURCE
dc.subject
WIND RESOURCES
dc.subject
WORLD ENERGY
dc.title
The Future of the Nuclear Industry Reconsidered : Risks, Uncertainties, and Continued Potential
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2012-06-30
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/06/16448399/future-nuclear-industry-reconsidered-risks-uncertainties-continued-potential
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.globalpractice
Water
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6112
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20120629130837
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16448399
okr.identifier.report
WPS6112
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/06/29/000158349_20120629130837/Rendered/PDF/WPS6112.pdf
en
okr.topic
Science and Technology Development :: Engineering
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water and Industry
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Environment :: Environment and Energy Efficiency
okr.unit
Environment and Energy Team, Development Research Group
okr.volume
1 of 1

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