Brazil - Forests in the Balance : Challenges of Conservation with Development

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collection.link.25
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2132
collection.name.25
IEG Independent Evaluations & Annual Reviews
dc.contributor.author
Lele, Uma
dc.contributor.author
Viana, Virgilio
dc.contributor.author
Verissimo, Adalberto
dc.contributor.author
Vosti, Stephen
dc.contributor.author
Perkins, Karin
dc.contributor.author
Husain, Syed Arif
dc.date.accessioned
2014-09-02T16:26:47Z
dc.date.available
2014-09-02T16:26:47Z
dc.date.issued
2010-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:52Z
dc.description.abstract
This case study is one of six evaluations of the implementation of the World Bank's 1991 Forest Strategy. This and the other cases (Cameroon, China, Costa Rica, India, and Indonesia) complement a review of the entire set of lending and nonlending activities of the World Bank Group and the Global Environment Facility. The World Bank has clearly diminished its lending presence in the Amazon in the past decade. It has moved from the "big projects" era of the 1960s through the 1980s and strong economic and sector work to a more careful approach at the end of the century with attempts once again to focus on strategic issues and smaller projects, including pilot activities. This seems due both to the poor performance of earlier projects-which prompted a more risk-adverse Bank strategy following the intense international scrutiny and criticism contributing to the cautious approach urged by the 1991 Forest Strategy-and to a lack of demand in Brazil for Bank funds. Brazil's macroeconomic difficulties-its balance of payments and fiscal deficits-have led the government to be selective as well as to shift lending to quick-disbursing activities. This is evident in the most recent land reform programs. Controlling deforestation is not easy given the large number and level of national and global forces and actors affecting it. If the Bank is to be a facilitator for balancing the needs of stakeholders (i.e., the poor and the indigenous people) and national and global interests, it must be seen as an objective bystander. The 1991 Forest Strategy emphasizes the primacy of the rights of the indigenous people-and by implication their rights have primacy over those of the local poor. But the Bank cannot be a facilitator unless it is viewed by both parties as not serving the interests of only one party.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/01/20153705/brazil-forests-balance-challenges-conservation-development
dc.identifier.isbn
0-8213-4761-6
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19907
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
OED Evaluation country case study series;forestry
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
AGROFORESTRY
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY RESEARCH
dc.subject
CIFOR
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CROPS
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEGRADATION
dc.subject
DEGRADED FOREST
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMISTS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FAO
dc.subject
FARMERS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL TRANSFERS
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST CONSERVATION
dc.subject
FOREST COVER
dc.subject
FOREST DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
FOREST FIRES
dc.subject
FOREST INDUSTRY
dc.subject
FOREST LAND
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FOREST POLICIES
dc.subject
FOREST POLICY
dc.subject
FOREST PRODUCT
dc.subject
FOREST PROTECTION
dc.subject
FOREST REGULATION
dc.subject
FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject
FOREST SECTOR
dc.subject
FOREST SECTOR MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FOREST STEWARDSHIP
dc.subject
FOREST STRATEGY
dc.subject
FOREST TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTRY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
FORESTRY LAW
dc.subject
FORESTRY TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
GNP
dc.subject
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
LAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
LAND REFORM
dc.subject
LAND TENURE
dc.subject
LAND USES
dc.subject
LAND-USE
dc.subject
LEGISLATION
dc.subject
LOGGING
dc.subject
MANAGED FORESTS
dc.subject
MARKET PRICES
dc.subject
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
NATIONAL FORESTS
dc.subject
NATURAL FORESTS
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COSTS
dc.subject
PARKS
dc.subject
PLANTATION
dc.subject
PLANTATION FORESTS
dc.subject
PLANTATIONS
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
QUALITY ASSURANCE
dc.subject
RAINFOREST
dc.subject
REFORESTATION
dc.subject
RESERVES
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
TIMBER
dc.subject
TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS
dc.subject
TRADEOFFS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TROPICAL DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
TROPICAL FORESTS
dc.subject
TROPICAL MOIST FORESTS
dc.subject
TROPICAL TIMBER
dc.subject
UNDP
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS
dc.subject
USAID
dc.subject
WOOD
dc.subject
WOOD PRODUCTS
dc.title
Brazil - Forests in the Balance : Challenges of Conservation with Development
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2014-08-28
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/01/20153705/brazil-forests-balance-challenges-conservation-development
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/0-8213-4761-6
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000470435_20140828131658
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
20153705
okr.identifier.report
20788
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/08/28/000470435_20140828131658/Rendered/PDF/207880PUB0REPL0l0ISBN00082130476106.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Brazil
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry :: Forestry
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change and Environment
okr.topic
Environment :: Wildlife Resources
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Forestry
okr.unit
IEG Public Sector (IEGPS)

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