Poverty and Public Celebrations in Rural India

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Rao, Vijayendra
dc.date.accessioned
2014-08-26T20:30:15Z
dc.date.available
2014-08-26T20:30:15Z
dc.date.issued
2001-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:44Z
dc.description.abstract
The author examines the paradox of very poor households, spending large sums on celebrations. Using qualitative, and quantitative data from South India, the author demonstrates that spending on weddings, and festivals can be explained by integrating an anthropological understanding of how identity is shaped in Indian society, with an economic analysis of decision-making under conditions of extreme poverty, and risk. The author argues that publicly observable celebrations have two functions: they provide a space for maintaining social reputations, and webs of obligation, and, they serve as arenas for status-making competitions. The first role is central to maintaining the networks essential for social relationships, and coping with poverty. The second is a correlate of mobility that may become more prevalent as incomes rise. Development policies that favor individual over collective action, reduce the incentives for the networking function, and increase the incentives for status-enhancing functions - thus reducing social cohesion, and increasing conspicuous consumption. Market-driven improvements in urban employment, for example, could reduce a family's dependence on its traditional networks, could reduce incentives to maintain these networks, and could reduce social cohesion within a village, and thus its capacity for collective action. In contrast, micro-finance programs, and social funds try to retain, and even build a community's capacity for collective action.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/01/891709/poverty-public-celebrations-rural-india
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19724
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 2528
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
ANTHROPOLOGY
dc.subject
ANXIETY
dc.subject
CITIES
dc.subject
COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEPENDENCE
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
DISTRICTS
dc.subject
DIVORCE
dc.subject
DOWRIES
dc.subject
DOWRY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INCENTIVES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC MODELS
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATIONS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXOGAMY
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FATHERS
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
HUMAN BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
IDEAS
dc.subject
IDENTITY
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
MARRIAGES
dc.subject
MINES
dc.subject
MOTHERS
dc.subject
NORMS
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
PRICE VARIATIONS
dc.subject
RELIGION
dc.subject
RITUALS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject
SOCIAL MOBILITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SANCTIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL STATUS
dc.subject
SOCIETIES
dc.subject
SOCIETY
dc.subject
SOCIOLOGISTS
dc.subject
TOWNS
dc.subject
VILLAGES
dc.title
Poverty and Public Celebrations in Rural India
en
okr.date.disclosure
2001-01-31
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/01/891709/poverty-public-celebrations-rural-india
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-2528
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000094946_01020905474823
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
891709
okr.identifier.report
WPS2528
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2001/03/01/000094946_01020905474823/Rendered/PDF/multi_page.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management
okr.topic
Culture and Development :: Anthropology
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Health Economics and Finance
okr.topic
Education :: Education and Society
okr.unit
Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group
okr.volume
1

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