Public Health and Education Spending in Ghana in 1992-98 : Issues of Equity and Efficiency

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Canagarajah, Sudharshan
dc.contributor.author
Ye, Xiao
dc.date.accessioned
2014-08-26T14:55:59Z
dc.date.available
2014-08-26T14:55:59Z
dc.date.issued
2001-04
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:43Z
dc.description.abstract
Using primary data from the health and education ministries, and household survey data from the Ghana Statistical Service, the authors analyze equity, and efficiency issues in public spending on health, and education in Ghana in the 1990s. Public expenditures in the education sector, declined in the second half of the 1990s. Basic education enrollment has been stagnant, or declining in public schools, but increasing in private schools, resulting in a moderate increase in total enrollment. Regional disparities are significant, with lower public resource allocations, and lower enrollment ratios in the three poorest regions. The quality of basic education in public schools remains poor, while it has steadily improved in private schools. Enrollments in higher levels are lagging behind those in basic education. Ghana ranks high among West African countries in health indicators, although its health expenditures tend to favor the non-poor. While more of the rural population have gained access to health services in recent years, many still have limited access, or none. Moreover, there is no link between the pattern of public expenditures - especially the pattern of immunization across Ghana - and health outcomes. To ensure that social services are efficiently, and equitably delivered in a fiscally constrained economy, the authors argue, public expenditures need to be linked to outcomes.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/04/1089551/public-health-education-spending-ghana-1992-98-issues-equity-efficiency
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19663
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 2579
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACADEMIC YEAR
dc.subject
ADDITION
dc.subject
ATTENDING SCHOOL
dc.subject
BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
BASIC SERVICES
dc.subject
CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
dc.subject
CLASSROOMS
dc.subject
CURRICULUM
dc.subject
DECENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
DRAWING
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATION BUDGET
dc.subject
EDUCATION ENROLLMENTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EDUCATION INDICATORS
dc.subject
EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject
EDUCATION LEVELS
dc.subject
EDUCATION MATERIALS
dc.subject
EDUCATION POLICIES
dc.subject
EDUCATION QUALITY
dc.subject
EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject
EDUCATION SERVICES
dc.subject
EDUCATION STATISTICS
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATIO
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FIRST GRADE
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
GENERAL LITERACY
dc.subject
GER
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT RATIO
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT RATIOS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HIGH ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject
IMPROVING ACCESS
dc.subject
INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIFE SKILLS
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
LITERACY RATE
dc.subject
LOW ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
MATHEMATICS
dc.subject
NATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
OUTCOMES OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
PHYSICAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PRIMARY STUDENTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC PRIMARY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PUPILS
dc.subject
QUALIFIED TEACHERS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SCHOOL FACILITIES
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
SECONDARY LEVEL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL STUDIES
dc.subject
SPECIAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
TEACHER TRAINING
dc.subject
TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TEACHING
dc.subject
TEACHING ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
TEACHING MATERIALS
dc.subject
TEACHING QUALITY
dc.subject
TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
TEXTBOOKS
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
UPE
dc.subject
UPPER PRIMARY
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
VOUCHERS
dc.title
Public Health and Education Spending in Ghana in 1992-98 : Issues of Equity and Efficiency
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2001-05-31
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/04/1089551/public-health-education-spending-ghana-1992-98-issues-equity-efficiency
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-2579
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000094946_01042509523051
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
1089551
okr.identifier.report
WPS2579
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2001/05/08/000094946_01042509523051/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Ghana
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: Public administration- Education
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: Public administration- Health
okr.sector
Education
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Other social protection and risk management
okr.theme
Human development :: Education for all
okr.theme
Human development :: Health system performance
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Curriculum and Instruction
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Education
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Public Health Promotion
okr.topic
Teaching and Learning
okr.unit
Ghana Country Department, Country Director Groups; and Macroeconomics 1, Africa Technical Families
okr.volume
1

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