Trade Reform and Household Welfare : The Case of Mexico

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Ianchovichina, Elena
dc.contributor.author
Nicita, Alessandro
dc.contributor.author
Soloaga, Isidro
dc.date.accessioned
2014-08-21T17:09:38Z
dc.date.available
2014-08-21T17:09:38Z
dc.date.issued
2001-08
dc.description.abstract
The authors use a two-step, computationally simple procedure to analyze the effects of Mexico's potentially unilateral tariff liberalization. First, they use a computable general equilibrium model provided by the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) as the new price generator. Second, they apply the price changes to Mexican household data to assess the effects of the simulated policy on poverty and income distribution. By choosing GTAP as the price generator, the authors are able to model Mexico's differential tariff structure appropriately: almost zero for North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) members and higher tariffs for nonmembers. Even starting with low tariff protection, simulation results show that tariff reform will have a positive effect on welfare for all expenditure deciles. Under an assumption of nonhomothetic individual preferences, trade liberalization benefits people in the poorer deciles more than those in the richer ones.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19559
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 2667
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABATEMENT
dc.subject
ADJUSTMENT COSTS
dc.subject
ADJUSTMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
AGGREGATE INCOME
dc.subject
AGGREGATE LEVEL
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
AVERAGE INCOME
dc.subject
CAPITAL
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject
COMMODITIES
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION LEVELS
dc.subject
DATA SET
dc.subject
DECOMPOSABLE POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTIONAL EFFECTS
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT
dc.subject
DOMESTIC DEMAND
dc.subject
ECONOMIC COOPERATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
dc.subject
ECONOMIC TRENDS
dc.subject
ELASTICITIES
dc.subject
ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
EQUIVALENT VARIATION
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE DATA
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE GROUPS
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE SURVEY
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
FACTOR INCOME
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject
FOOD BASKET
dc.subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
FULL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
GAIN
dc.subject
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS
dc.subject
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL
dc.subject
GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject
GLOBAL TRADE
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEADCOUNT INDEX
dc.subject
HEADCOUNT RATIO
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD DATA
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME EFFECT
dc.subject
INCOME ELASTICITY
dc.subject
INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
dc.subject
INCOME GROUPS
dc.subject
INCOME SCALE
dc.subject
INCOME SOURCES
dc.subject
INCREASED RETURNS
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL LEVEL
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INEQUALITY INDICATORS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY MEASURES
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INTEREST RATE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARD
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LONG-TERM TRENDS
dc.subject
LOW INCOME
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC SHOCKS
dc.subject
MANUFACTURING SECTOR
dc.subject
MINIMUM LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NET IMPACT
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COST
dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
PER-CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
POLICY CHANGES
dc.subject
POLICY REFORMS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POOR INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject
POPULATION SUB-GROUPS
dc.subject
POSITIVE EFFECT
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject
POVERTY GAP
dc.subject
POVERTY INDEXES
dc.subject
POVERTY INDICATORS
dc.subject
POVERTY ISSUES
dc.subject
POVERTY LEVELS
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
dc.subject
PRICE CHANGES
dc.subject
PRICE ELASTICITIES
dc.subject
PRICE INDEXES
dc.subject
PRICE VARIATIONS
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
PUBLIC GOODS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
REAL INCOME
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL RESIDENTS
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
STATISTICAL METHODS
dc.subject
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
dc.subject
TIME FRAME
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
TRADE REFORMS
dc.subject
UNDERESTIMATES
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
UTILITY FUNCTION
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WEALTH
dc.title
Trade Reform and Household Welfare : The Case of Mexico
en
okr.date.disclosure
2001-08-31
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/08/1561503/trade-reform-household-welfare-case-mexico
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-2667
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000094946_01091104014291
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
1561503
okr.identifier.report
WPS2667
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2001/11/22/000094946_01091104014291/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Mexico
okr.theme
Economic management :: Analysis of economic growth
okr.theme
Trade and integration
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Services and Transfers to Poor
okr.topic
Health Economics and Finance
okr.topic
Payment Systems and Infrastructure
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Assessment
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.unit
Trade, Development Research Group
okr.volume
1

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