Publication: Mongolia Policy Options for Pension Reform
This report was prepared in response to a request by the Mongolian authorities for an evaluation of the Mongolian pension system and policy reform options. The report identifies a number of design weaknesses in the current pension insurance scheme and needs for reform in response to changes in the Mongolian economy. The summary of this report provides a brief synopsis for key policymakers of the rationale for reform and policy options considered. The main text responds to requests by the Mongolian authorities for the Bank's assessment. It considers the design architecture and parameters of the pension insurance scheme, the design of non- contributory elderly social assistance, pension provisions for herders and the rationale and design options for a pension reserve fund. The appendices provide more detailed analysis for technical staff including current pension insurance parameters; needs and policy options for herders and other informal sector workers; options for establishing a pension reserve fund; and elaboration of the actuarial modeling methodology employed, key assumptions and parameters, and detailed findings. Mongolia's economy, labor market and fiscal position are undergoing rapid changes as a result of growth in the mining sector. These changes present both challenges and opportunities for reform in pension provisions.
“World Bank. 2011. Mongolia Policy Options for Pension Reform. © Washington, DC. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/19460 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”