Poverty, AIDS, and Children's Schooling : A Targeting Dilemma

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Ainsworth, Martha
dc.contributor.author
Filmer, Deon
dc.date.accessioned
2014-08-13T16:45:56Z
dc.date.available
2014-08-13T16:45:56Z
dc.date.issued
2002-09
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:42Z
dc.description.abstract
The authors analyze the relationship between orphan status, household wealth, and child school enrollment using data collected in the 1990s from 28 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and one country in Southeast Asia. The findings point to considerable diversity—so much so that generalizations are not possible. While there are some examples of large differentials in enrollment by orphan status, in the majority of cases the orphan enrollment gap is dwarfed by the gap between children from richer and poorer households. In some cases, even non-orphaned children from the top of the wealth distribution have low enrollments, pointing to fundamental issues in the supply or demand for schooling that are a constraint to higher enrollments of all children. The gap in enrollment between female and male orphans is not much different than the gap between girls and boys with living parents, suggesting that female orphans are not disproportionately affected in terms of their enrollment in most countries. These diverse findings demonstrate that the extent to which orphans are under-enrolled relative to other children is country-specific, at least in part because the correlation between orphan status and poverty is not consistent across countries. Social protection and schooling policies need to assess the specific country situation before considering mitigation measures.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2002/09/2017579/poverty-aids-childrens-schooling-targeting-dilemma
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19289
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 2885
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCOUNT
dc.subject
ADOPTED CHILDREN
dc.subject
ADULT LITERACY
dc.subject
ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject
AFFECTED CHILDREN
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
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AIDS DEATHS
dc.subject
AIDS EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
AIDS MORTALITY
dc.subject
AIDS ORPHANS
dc.subject
AIDS PANDEMIC
dc.subject
BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
CHILD FOSTERING
dc.subject
CHILD WELFARE
dc.subject
COMPULSORY PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
CONTINUING EDUCATION
dc.subject
DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN
dc.subject
DISPLACED CHILDREN
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF ORPHANS
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATE
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATIO
dc.subject
EQUAL ACCESS
dc.subject
EXTENDED FAMILY
dc.subject
FEMALE ORPHANS
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GUARDIANS
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION RATES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS WITH ORPHANS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
INVESTIGATION
dc.subject
INVESTIGATIONS
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
LIFE SKILLS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
MATERNAL ORPHANS
dc.subject
NET ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
NUMBER OF ORPHANS
dc.subject
OLDER CHILDREN
dc.subject
ORPHAN ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
ORPHAN STATUS
dc.subject
ORPHANAGES
dc.subject
ORPHANED CHILDREN
dc.subject
ORPHANS
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
PARITY
dc.subject
PATERNAL ORPHANS
dc.subject
POOR CHILDREN
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
REPETITION RATES
dc.subject
SCHOOL CHILDREN
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SPECIAL NEEDS
dc.subject
UNAIDS
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WAR ORPHANS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject
ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
dc.subject
CHILDREN IN POVERTY
dc.subject
SCHOOL CHILDREN
dc.subject
ORPHANS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
GENDER BIAS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.title
Poverty, AIDS, and Children's Schooling : A Targeting Dilemma
en
okr.date.disclosure
2002-09
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2002/09/2017579/poverty-aids-childrens-schooling-targeting-dilemma
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-2885
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000094946_02100204022275
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
2017579
okr.identifier.report
WPS2885
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2002/10/12/000094946_02100204022275/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.sector
Other social services,Primary education
okr.sector
Education
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: HIV AIDS
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Street Children
okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
okr.topic
Social Development :: Children and Youth
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Public Health Promotion
okr.unit
Off of Sr VP Dev Econ/Chief Econ (DECVP)
okr.volume
1

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