Urban China : Toward Efficient, Inclusive, and Sustainable Urbanization

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collection.link.129
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5993
collection.name.129
Stand alone books
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.contributor.author
Development Research Center of the State Council, the People’s Republic of China
dc.date.accessioned
2014-07-08T13:30:43Z
dc.date.available
2014-07-08T13:30:43Z
dc.date.issued
2014-07
dc.description.abstract
In the last 30 years, China’s record economic growth lifted half a billion people out of poverty, with rapid urbanization providing abundant labor, cheap land, and good infrastructure. While China has avoided some of the common ills of urbanization, strains are showing as inefficient land development leads to urban sprawl and ghost towns, pollution threatens people’s health, and farmland and water resources are becoming scarce. With China’s urban population projected to rise to about one billion – or close to 70 percent of the country’s population – by 2030, China’s leaders are seeking a more coordinated urbanization process. Urban China is a joint research report by a team from the World Bank and the Development Research Center of China’s State Council which was established to address the challenges and opportunities of urbanization in China and to help China forge a new model of urbanization. The report takes as its point of departure the conviction that China's urbanization can become more efficient, inclusive, and sustainable. However, it stresses that achieving this vision will require strong support from both government and the markets for policy reforms in a number of area. The report proposes six main areas for reform: first, amending land management institutions to foster more efficient land use, denser cities, modernized agriculture, and more equitable wealth distribution; second, adjusting the hukou household registration system to increase labor mobility and provide urban migrant workers equal access to a common standard of public services; third, placing urban finances on a more sustainable footing while fostering financial discipline among local governments; fourth, improving urban planning to enhance connectivity and encourage scale and agglomeration economies; fifth, reducing environmental pressures through more efficient resource management; and sixth, improving governance at the local level.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-0206-5
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-1-4648-0206-5
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18865
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
urbanization
dc.subject
land management
dc.subject
social services
dc.subject
labor markets
dc.subject
food security
dc.subject
equitable access
dc.subject
sustainable urban growth
dc.title
Urban China : Toward Efficient, Inclusive, and Sustainable Urbanization
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-07-08
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.externalurl
http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/EAP/China/WEB-Urban-China.pdf
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-0206-5
okr.identifier.report
88172
okr.language.supported
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.topic
Urban Development
okr.unit
EAPBI

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