Urban Transport and CO2 Emissions : Some Evidence from Chinese Cities

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collection.link.214
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11872
collection.name.214
Policy Notes
dc.contributor.author
Darido, Georges
dc.contributor.author
Torres-Montoya, Mariana
dc.contributor.author
Mehndiratta, Shomik
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-30T22:38:03Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-30T22:38:03Z
dc.date.issued
2009-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:45Z
dc.description.abstract
This working paper provides a bottom-up estimate of energy use and Green-House Gas (GHG) emissions for the transport sector based on data available at the city and municipal levels. For urban transport in China, GHG emissions primarily consist of carbon dioxide (CO2), so these terms are used interchangeably. Energy use and CO2 emissions are also highly correlated based on the predominance of fossil fuels in transport. A database of self-reported indicators was developed and verified for the fourteen participating cities of the China World Bank-Global Environment Facility (GEF) Urban Transport Partnership Program. Other supplemental sources were also used to enrich the dataset for urban transport and energy analysis, namely the most recent China City Statistical Yearbooks. Beijing and Shanghai were also included where data was available from existing studies given their relevance in broad comparison of Chinese cities. Section two discusses the general demographic and economic trends in the sample of cities that may be influencing the sector. Section three points to stylized facts about the most relevant urban transport demand, supply and performance characteristics in recent years and suggests how they may be driving energy consumption and GHG emissions. Section four is the analysis and forecast of energy use and GHG emissions using the urban transport drivers identified. Finally, general conclusions and next steps are suggested in section five, as well as additional details on the data, methodology, definitions, and a map of China with the seventeen selected cities in the annexes.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/06/12568255/urban-transport-co2-emissions-some-evidence-chinese-cities
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18863
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESSIBILITY
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE FUEL
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE FUELS
dc.subject
AUTOMOBILE
dc.subject
AUTOMOBILE DEPENDENCE
dc.subject
AVERAGE FUEL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
AVERAGE TRAVEL TIME
dc.subject
AVERAGE TRIP DISTANCE
dc.subject
AVERAGE VEHICLE OCCUPANCY
dc.subject
AVERAGE VEHICLE OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
BICYCLE LANE
dc.subject
BICYCLE USE
dc.subject
BICYCLES
dc.subject
BICYCLISTS
dc.subject
BUS
dc.subject
BUS FLEET
dc.subject
BUS FLEETS
dc.subject
BUS STOP
dc.subject
BUS SYSTEM
dc.subject
CAR
dc.subject
CAR OWNERS
dc.subject
CAR OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
CAR TRIPS
dc.subject
CAR USE
dc.subject
CARBON CONTENT
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARS
dc.subject
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COMPANY CARS
dc.subject
CONGESTION
dc.subject
CONGESTION CHARGE
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TRAVEL
dc.subject
DISPOSABLE INCOME
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
DRIVING
dc.subject
EFFICIENT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ELASTICITIES
dc.subject
ELASTICITY
dc.subject
ELASTICITY OF VEHICLE OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
ELECTRIC BICYCLES
dc.subject
EMISSION STANDARDS
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
EXCLUSIVE BUS LANES
dc.subject
FARE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
FATALITIES
dc.subject
FLEETS
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FUEL ECONOMY
dc.subject
FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS
dc.subject
FUEL PRICES
dc.subject
FUEL STANDARDS
dc.subject
FUEL-EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
GASOLINE
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
GOOD TRANSPORT
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
HIGH TRANSPORT
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD TRAVEL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD TRAVEL SURVEYS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
INNER RING
dc.subject
INNER RING ROAD
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
INTERCITY TRAVEL
dc.subject
INVESTMENT IN ROADS
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND USE PATTERNS
dc.subject
LENGTH OF ROAD
dc.subject
LEVEL OF TRAVEL DEMAND
dc.subject
LIGHT RAIL
dc.subject
LONGER TRIP DISTANCES
dc.subject
MASS TRANSIT
dc.subject
MINIBUSES
dc.subject
MOBILITY
dc.subject
MOBILITY MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MOTOR VEHICLE
dc.subject
MOTORCYCLE
dc.subject
MOTORCYCLES
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL DENSITY
dc.subject
NARROW STREETS
dc.subject
ODOMETER
dc.subject
PASSENGERS
dc.subject
PASSENGERS PER VEHICLE
dc.subject
PEAK PERIODS
dc.subject
PEDESTRIAN
dc.subject
PEDESTRIAN INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
PEDESTRIANS
dc.subject
PERSON-TRIPS
dc.subject
PERSONAL VEHICLES
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITIES
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
PRIVATE MOTOR VEHICLES
dc.subject
PRIVATE VEHICLE
dc.subject
PRIVATE VEHICLE OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
PRIVATE VEHICLES
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSIT
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSIT NETWORK
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT OPERATIONS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SHARE
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SUPPLY
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
RAPID TRANSIT
dc.subject
RING ROAD
dc.subject
RING ROADS
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD CAPACITY
dc.subject
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject
ROAD PROVISION
dc.subject
ROAD SPACE
dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ROAD USE
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROADWAY
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
SHORT TRIPS
dc.subject
SUBWAY
dc.subject
SUBWAY SYSTEM
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAXI PASSENGER
dc.subject
TAXIS
dc.subject
TOLLS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRAFFIC ACCIDENT
dc.subject
TRAFFIC CONGESTION
dc.subject
TRAFFIC IN CITIES
dc.subject
TRAILS
dc.subject
TRAINS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT ANALYSIS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT DATA
dc.subject
TRANSPORT DEMAND
dc.subject
TRANSPORT ENERGY USE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT FARES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT NETWORK
dc.subject
TRANSPORT OFFICIALS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORT STRATEGIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
TRAVEL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
TRAVEL BEHAVIORS
dc.subject
TRAVEL DEMAND
dc.subject
TRAVEL DEMAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
TRAVEL DISTANCE
dc.subject
TRAVEL DISTANCES
dc.subject
TRAVEL LANES
dc.subject
TRAVELERS
dc.subject
TRIP
dc.subject
TRIP BASIS
dc.subject
TRIP GENERATION
dc.subject
TRIP LENGTHS
dc.subject
TRIP MAKING
dc.subject
TRIP PURPOSE
dc.subject
TRIP PURPOSES
dc.subject
TRIP RATE
dc.subject
TRIP RATES
dc.subject
TRIPS BY MODE
dc.subject
TRIPS PER CAPITA
dc.subject
TRIPS PER DAY
dc.subject
TROLLEY BUS
dc.subject
TROLLEYBUSES
dc.subject
TRUCK TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRUCKS
dc.subject
TUNNEL
dc.subject
URBAN BUSES
dc.subject
URBAN CENTER
dc.subject
URBAN PASSENGER
dc.subject
URBAN PASSENGER TRANSPORT
dc.subject
URBAN RAIL
dc.subject
URBAN RAIL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
URBAN ROAD
dc.subject
URBAN SPRAWL
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT ENERGY USE
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT PLANNING
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
VEHICLE
dc.subject
VEHICLE EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
VEHICLE EMISSION
dc.subject
VEHICLE EMISSION STANDARDS
dc.subject
VEHICLE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
VEHICLE FLEET
dc.subject
VEHICLE FLEETS
dc.subject
VEHICLE FUEL
dc.subject
VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
VEHICLE INSPECTION
dc.subject
VEHICLE KILOMETERS
dc.subject
VEHICLE OCCUPANCY
dc.subject
VEHICLE OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
VEHICLE REGISTRATION
dc.subject
VEHICLE RESTRICTION
dc.subject
VEHICLE RESTRICTIONS
dc.subject
VEHICLE SIZE
dc.subject
VEHICLE TRIPS
dc.subject
VEHICLE TYPES
dc.subject
VEHICLE USE
dc.subject
VEHICLE-KILOMETERS
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
WALKING
dc.subject
WALKING DISTANCE
dc.subject
WEALTH
dc.title
Urban Transport and CO2 Emissions : Some Evidence from Chinese Cities
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-07-21
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/06/12568255/urban-transport-co2-emissions-some-evidence-chinese-cities
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000334955_20100721033904
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
12568255
okr.identifier.report
55773
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/07/21/000334955_20100721033904/Rendered/PDF/557730WP0P11791June020091EN105jan10.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.sector
Transportation :: General transportation sector
okr.theme
Environment and natural resources management :: Climate change
okr.theme
Environment and natural resource management
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.topic
Roads and Highways
okr.topic
Urban Transport
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Transport and Environment
okr.topic
Transport
okr.unit
China & Mongolia Sustainable Dev (EASCS)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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