Greed and Grievance in Civil War

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Collier, Paul
dc.contributor.author
Hoeffler, Anke
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-30T19:20:36Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-30T19:20:36Z
dc.date.issued
2000-05
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T09:03:51Z
dc.description.abstract
The authors compare two contrasting motivations for rebellion: greed and grievance. Most rebellions are ostensibly in pursuit of a cause, supported by a narrative of grievance. But since grievance assuagement through rebellion is a public good that a government will not supply, economists predict such rebellions would be rare. Empirically, many rebellions appear to be linked to the capture of resources (such as diamonds in Angola, and Sierra Leone, drugs in Colombia, and timber in Cambodia). The authors set up a simple rational choice model of greed-rebellion, and contrasts its predictions with those of a simple grievance model. Some countries return to conflict repeatedly. Are they conflict-prone, or is there a feedback effect whereby conflict generates grievance, which in turn generates further conflict? The authors show why such a feedback effect might be present in both greed-motivated and grievance rebellions. The authors' results contrast with conventional beliefs, about the causes of conflict. A stylized version of conventional beliefs would be that grievance begets conflict, which begets grievance, which begets further conflict. With such a model, the only point at which to intervene is to reduce the level of objective grievance. The authors' model suggests that what actually happens is that opportunities for predation (controlling primary commodity exports) cause conflict, and the grievances this generates induce diasporas to finance further conflict. The point of policy intervention here is to reduce the absolute, and relative attraction of primary commodity predation, and to reduce the ability of diasporas to fund rebel movements.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2000/05/437634/greed-grievance-civil-war
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18853
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 2355
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ARMIES
dc.subject
ARMS
dc.subject
ARMS RACE
dc.subject
BOUNDARIES
dc.subject
CAUSE OF CONFLICT
dc.subject
CAUSES OF CONFLICT
dc.subject
CIVIL CONFLICT
dc.subject
CIVIL WAR
dc.subject
CIVIL WARS
dc.subject
COLD WAR
dc.subject
COMBAT
dc.subject
CONFLICT RISK
dc.subject
CONFLICTS
dc.subject
COSTS OF REBELLION
dc.subject
COUNTER-INSURGENCY
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
DEFENSE
dc.subject
DIASPORA
dc.subject
DIASPORA LIVING
dc.subject
DIASPORA ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
DIASPORAS
dc.subject
DRUG ADDICTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC THEORY OF REBELLION
dc.subject
ETHNIC COMPOSITION
dc.subject
ETHNIC DOMINANCE
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUP
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject
ETHNIC HATRED
dc.subject
ETHNIC MAJORITY
dc.subject
ETHNICALLY DIVERSE SOCIETIES
dc.subject
EXTORTION
dc.subject
FOREIGN BORN POPULATION
dc.subject
FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC DISPERSION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT ARMY
dc.subject
GREED-GRIEVANCE
dc.subject
GREED-REBELLION
dc.subject
GRIEVANCE MODEL
dc.subject
GRIEVANCE MODELS
dc.subject
GROUP HATRED
dc.subject
HIGH INEQUALITY
dc.subject
HOMOGENOUS SOCIETIES
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME-EARNING OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
INSURRECTIONS
dc.subject
INTERNAL CONFLICT
dc.subject
INTERNAL REBELLION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT
dc.subject
LINGUISTIC FRACTIONALIZATION
dc.subject
LINGUISTIC FRACTIONALIZATION INDEX
dc.subject
MILITARY ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
MILITARY FORCES
dc.subject
MILITARY HISTORY
dc.subject
MILITARY OPPOSITION
dc.subject
MODEL OF CONFLICT
dc.subject
OBJECTIVE GRIEVANCE
dc.subject
OBJECTIVE GRIEVANCES
dc.subject
PEACE
dc.subject
PEACE RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
dc.subject
POLITICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
POLITICAL CONTEST
dc.subject
POLITICAL REPRESSION
dc.subject
POLITICAL RIGHTS
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POST- CONFLICT
dc.subject
POST-CONFLICT
dc.subject
PREDATORY REBELLION
dc.subject
PROTEST MOVEMENT
dc.subject
PROTEST MOVEMENTS
dc.subject
REBEL COHESION
dc.subject
REBEL FORCES
dc.subject
REBEL GROUP
dc.subject
REBEL GROUPS
dc.subject
REBEL LEADER
dc.subject
REBEL MILITARY ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
REBEL MOVEMENT
dc.subject
REBEL MOVEMENTS
dc.subject
REBEL ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
REBEL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
REBEL RECRUITMENT
dc.subject
REBELLIONS
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS FRACTIONALIZATION
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS HATREDS
dc.subject
RISK OF CONFLICT
dc.subject
RISK OF REBELLION
dc.subject
RISKS OF CONFLICT
dc.subject
RISKS OF CONFLICT RENEWAL
dc.subject
SOCIAL FRACTIONALIZATION
dc.subject
STOCKHOLM INTERNATIONAL PEACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.title
Greed and Grievance in Civil War
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Fragility, Conflict, and Violence
okr.date.disclosure
2000-05-31
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2000/05/437634/greed-grievance-civil-war
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-2355
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000094946_00060205420011
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
437634
okr.identifier.report
WPS2355
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2000/06/17/000094946_00060205420011/Rendered/PDF/multi_page.pdf
en
okr.theme
Economic management :: Macroeconomic management
okr.theme
Social dev/gender/inclusion :: Conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Safety Nets and Transfers
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Social Development :: Social Conflict and Violence
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Peace and Peacekeeping
okr.topic
Services and Transfers to Poor
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.unit
Development Research Group
okr.volume
1

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