Open Skies over the Middle East

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Cristea, Anca
dc.contributor.author
Hillberry, Russell
dc.contributor.author
Mattoo, Aaditya
dc.date.accessioned
2014-06-30T16:45:46Z
dc.date.available
2014-06-30T16:45:46Z
dc.date.issued
2014-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:03:49Z
dc.description.abstract
The dynamism of air traffic markets in the Middle East obscures the persistence of restrictions on international competition. But how important are such restrictions for passenger traffic? This paper uses detailed data on worldwide passenger aviation to estimate the effect of air transport policy on international air traffic. The policy variable is a quantitative measure of the commitments under international agreements. The paper analyzes, for the first time, not only bilateral agreements, but also plurilateral agreements such as the one between Arab states. The analysis finds that more liberal policy is associated with greater passenger traffic between countries. Higher traffic levels appear to be driven primarily by larger numbers of city pairs being served, rather than by more passengers traveling along given routes. To demonstrate the quantitative implication of the estimates, two liberalization scenarios in the Middle East are evaluated. Deepening the plurilateral agreement among Arab states would lead to a 30 percent increase in intraregional passenger traffic. Widening the agreement to include Turkey would generate significantly larger gains because current policy vis-à-vis Turkey is much more restrictive.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705719/open-skies-over-middle-east
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18826
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6937
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR CARGO
dc.subject
AIR LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
AIR PASSENGER
dc.subject
AIR PASSENGERS
dc.subject
AIR SERVICE
dc.subject
AIR SERVICE AGREEMENT
dc.subject
AIR SERVICE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
AIR SERVICES
dc.subject
AIR TRAFFIC
dc.subject
AIR TRAFFIC DATA
dc.subject
AIR TRAFFIC GROWTH
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORT POLICY
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
AIR TRAVEL
dc.subject
AIRFARES
dc.subject
AIRLINE
dc.subject
AIRLINES
dc.subject
AIRPORT
dc.subject
AIRPORTS
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE MODES
dc.subject
ASA
dc.subject
AVIATION AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
AVIATION INDUSTRY
dc.subject
AVIATION MARKET
dc.subject
AVIATION POLICY
dc.subject
CARRIERS
dc.subject
CHARTER FLIGHTS
dc.subject
CITY TRAFFIC
dc.subject
CIVIL AVIATION
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CONTROL MEASURES
dc.subject
COST OF TRAVEL
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TRAVEL
dc.subject
DEMOCRACIES
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DIRECT FLIGHTS
dc.subject
DIRECT ROUTES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ECHO
dc.subject
EROSION
dc.subject
FARES
dc.subject
FLIGHT
dc.subject
FLIGHT INFORMATION
dc.subject
FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
FREIGHT
dc.subject
FREIGHT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC AREA
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INTEGRATION OF TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AIR TRAVEL
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AIRLINE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL AVIATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANISATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL
dc.subject
INVESTIGATION
dc.subject
LANDING
dc.subject
MOBILITY
dc.subject
MODES OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MULTINATIONAL
dc.subject
PASSENGER NUMBERS
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRAFFIC
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRAVEL
dc.subject
PASSENGER TRAVELLING
dc.subject
PASSENGERS
dc.subject
PLANES
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
RANGE
dc.subject
REGIONAL HUB
dc.subject
ROUGH
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
SHARING
dc.subject
SPRING
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
TRAFFIC DATA
dc.subject
TRAFFIC FLOWS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC GROWTH
dc.subject
TRAFFIC LEVELS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT POLICY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION MARKETS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION SERVICES
dc.subject
TRAVEL COSTS
dc.subject
TRAVEL DEMAND
dc.subject
TRAVEL PATTERNS
dc.subject
TRIP
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
VOLUME OF AIR
dc.title
Open Skies over the Middle East
en
okr.date.disclosure
2014-06-15
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19705719/open-skies-over-middle-east
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-6937
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20140624094801
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
19705719
okr.identifier.report
WPS6937
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/06/24/000158349_20140624094801/Rendered/PDF/WPS6937.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Turkey
okr.region.geographical
Middle East
okr.relation.associatedurl
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/22764
okr.sector
Industry and trade :: Other domestic and international trade
okr.theme
Trade and integration :: Other trade and integration
okr.topic
Air Quality and Clean Air
okr.topic
Public Sector Corruption and Anticorruption Measures
okr.topic
Transport :: Airports and Air Services
okr.topic
Roads and Highways
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Environment
okr.topic
Public Sector Development
okr.unit
Trade and International Integration Team, Development Research Group (DECTI)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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